2 The Paper Reading: “The Apology.” Thesis: “The purpose of this paper is to summarize and critically evaluate Socrates’ Horse Trainer Analogy and Unintentional Argument.”Issue: Do Socrates’ two arguments refute the corruption charges against him?Label the 4 sectionsIntroductionSummaryArgumentConclusion
3 Writing the Introduction 5 points125 words or less.ContentThesisSummary StatementPosition StatementArgument StatementMinimal Background
4 Writing the Summary 45 points Objective: summarize the text Clearly ConciselyAccuratelyIn your own words.
5 Writing the Summary Outline Charges The Corrupter of the Youth A doer of evil who corrupts the youthDoes not believe in the gods of the state but has his own divinitiesThe Corrupter of the YouthSocrates will prove Meletus isA doer of evilPretending to be earnestIs eager to bring men to trialQuestioning MeletusMeletus claims to think a great deal about the youthSocrates asks Meletus to tell the judges who improves the youthEvery Athenian, except the sole corrupter Socrates, improves the youth
6 Writing the Summary Socrates’ Horse Trainer Analogy One is able to do the horses goodThe trainer does the horses goodOthers injure the horsesThis is true of horses and any animalsThe youth would be happy with one corrupter and everyone else improving themMeletus shows he has never thought about the young.
7 Writing the Summary The Unintentional Argument Meletus Agrees It is better to live among good citizens than badThe good do their neighbors good, the evil do evilNo one would rather be injured than benefitedNo on likes to be injuredMeletus accused Socrates of intentionally corrupting the youth.Meletus admitted the good do good and the evil do evilSocrates knows that if he corrupts a man he has to live with, he is likely to be harmedSocrates either does not corrupt or corrupts unintentionally.Either way Meletus is lyingIf his offense is unintentional, Meletus should have corrected himMeletus has no care about the matter.
8 Writing the Argument 45 Points Position Statement Does the HTA (Horse Trainer Analogy) succeed as an analogy?Does the HTA refute the original charge?Does the HTA refute the modified charge?Does the UA succeed as an argument?Does the UA refute the original charge?Does the UA refute the modified charge?
9 Writing the Argument Assessing the HTA Form of an Argument from AnalogyPremise 1: X has properties P, Q, and R.Premise 2: Y has properties P, Q, and R.Premise 3: X has property Z as well.Conclusion: Y has property Z.AssessmentThe number of properties X & Y have in common.The relevance of the shared properties to Z.Whether X & Y have relevant dissimilarities.
10 Writing the Argument Does the HTA respond to the charge? Original Charge: Socrates corrupts the youth.Modified Charge: Socrates is the sole corrupter of the youth.
11 Writing the Argument Assessing the UA Assessing the premises Key premise: “if he corrupts a man he has to live with, it is very likely he will be harmed by him.”Assessing the premises using an argument from example.Historical examples for/againstAssessing the premises using an argument from analogyDog analogyAssessing the reasoningDo the premises support the conclusion?Overall Assessment (premises & reasoning)
12 Writing the Argument Does the UA respond to the charge? Original Charge: Socrates corrupts the youth.Modified Charge: Socrates is an intentional corrupter of the youth.
13 Writing the Conclusion 5 points125 words or less.ContentThesisSummary StatementPosition StatementArgument StatementFinal Relevant Remark