Presentation on theme: "Rosemary Sharpe March 15, 2013 Happy St. Patrick’s Day!"— Presentation transcript:
Rosemary Sharpe March 15, 2013 Happy St. Patrick’s Day!
What is St. Patrick’s Day? KNOWWANT TO KNOWLEARNED
Ancient Castle in Ireland
Óró, sé do bheatha abhaile Irish Rebel Folk Song ’Sé do bheatha, a bhean ba léanmhar do bé ár gcreach tú bheith i ngéibhinn do dhúiche bhreá i seilbh meirleach is tú díolta leis na Gallaibh. Chorus: Óró, sé do bheatha abhaile óró, sé do bheatha abhaile anois ar theacht an tsamhraidh. Tá Gráinne Mhaol ag teacht thar sáile óglaigh armtha léi mar gharda, Gaeil iad féin is ní Gaill ná Spáinnigh is cuirfidh siad ruaig ar Ghallaibh. Chorus A bhuí le Rí na bhFeart go bhfeiceam muna mbeam beo ina dhiaidh ach seachtain Gráinne Mhaol agus míle gaiscíoch ag fógairt fáin ar Ghallaibh. Hail to you sorrowful woman it was our woe that you were in captivity your fine country in the possession of thieves while you were sold to the foreigners. Chorus: Hurrah, welcome home now at the coming of Summer. Gráinne Mhaol is coming over the sea armed warriors as her guard they are Gaels, not foreigners or Spaniards and they will put the foreigners to flight. Chorus Thanks to the King of Miracles that we might see although we might not live but a week after Gráinne Mhaol and a thousand heroes declaring the scattering of the foreigners.
Who was St. Patrick? The person who was to become St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, was born in Wales about AD 385. His given name was Maewyn. Far from being a saint, until he was 16, he considered himself a pagan. At that age, he was sold into slavery by a group of Irish bandits that raided his village. During his captivity he became a Christian and adopted the name Patrick. He escaped from slavery after six years and went to Gaul where he studied in the monastery for a period of twelve years. During his training he decided that his calling was to return to Ireland and convert the native pagans to Christianity. Patrick was very successful at winning converts. And this fact rightfully upset the Celtic Druids, who had their own native religion. Patrick was arrested several times, but escaped each time. He traveled throughout Ireland, establishing monasteries across the country. He also set up schools and churches, helping him turn Ireland into a Christian country. His mission in Ireland lasted for thirty years. He died on March 17 in AD 461. That day has been commemorated as St. Patrick's Day ever since.
About St. Patrick’s Day The Irish have celebrated this day as a religious holiday for over 1,000 years. On St. Patrick's Day, which falls during the Christian season of Lent, Irish families would traditionally attend church in the morning and celebrate in the afternoon. Lenten prohibitions against the consumption of meat were waived and people would dance, drink and feast--on the traditional meal of Irish bacon and cabbage.
Irish in the United States St. Patrick’s Day is extremely popular in the United States. This is partly because there are so many Americans of Irish descent. Over 40 million Americans, about 13% of the population are of Irish descent. That’s over six times the population of Ireland! As a percentage of the population, Massachusetts is the most Irish state, with about a quarter of the population claiming Irish descent.
St. Patrick’s Day Myths There are a lot of myths about St. Patrick's Day. One belief is that Patrick raised people from the dead. It is also said that Patrick gave a sermon from a hilltop that drove all the snakes from Ireland. Of course, no snakes were ever native to Ireland, and some people think this is a metaphor for the conversion of the pagans.
Vocabulary Ireland shamrock Leprechaun Pot of gold Rainbow parade Guinness Saint
Irish dancers in Moscow, Russia
Empire State Building lit up in green
Irish politician presents Obama with a shamrock
St. Patrick’s Day Pins
Corned Beef and Cabbage
St. Patrick’s Day Parades The first St. Patrick’s Day parade happened in 1762 in New York City. New York has the largest parade in the world, sometimes as many as 150,000 people in it. The Chicago parade is always held on the Saturday before the holiday, unless the 17 th is a Saturday. Something unique about this parade is that the Chicago River is always dyed bright green at 10:45am on the morning of the parade. Chemists have made bright green dye that is safe for the environment.
Little girl in NYC parade
St. Patrick’s Day Parade Boston, 1973
St. Patrick’s Day Parade in Dublin
Chicago River dyed green
St. Patrick’s Day Parade Montreal, Canada 2006
An Irish blessing May the road rise to meet you. May the wind be always at your back, The sun shine warm upon your face, The rain fall soft upon your fields. And until we meet again, May God hold you in the hollow of His hand.
What is a leprechaun? Leprechaun (Irish: leipreachán) is a type of fairy in Irish folklore The popular depiction is an old man that is no taller than a small child, dressed in a green coat with a beard and hat, who enjoys making mischief.
The Leprechauns spend all of their time busily making shoes, and store away their coins in a hidden pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. If they ever get captured by a human, the Leprechaun has the magical power to grant three wishes in exchange for their release.
The Symbol of the Shamrock One traditional icon of the day is the shamrock. This is because Patrick used the three-leafed shamrock to explain the Holy Trinity. He used it in his sermons to represent how the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit could all exist as separate elements of the same entity. His followers adopted the custom of wearing a shamrock on his feast day.