Presentation on theme: "Wish and if only It´s time Would rather/would sooner"— Presentation transcript:
1Wish and if only It´s time Would rather/would sooner Unit 3 GrammarWish and if onlyIt´s timeWould rather/would soonerMaría Sacristán MoyaMaría Villarreal Pérez 1ºC
2Wish and if onlyGeneral state in the PRESENT or a usual and regular event or habit:Wish/if only + PAST SIMPLEEx.: He wishes he was a photographerIf only we had longer holidays
3Wish or regret about the PAST by saying how we would like the past to be different: Wish/ if only + PAST PERFECTEx.: I wish I had trained as a doctor instead of as a teacherIf only she had studied for her exams
4Wishes for the FUTURE:Wish/if only + WOULD/COULD/MIGHTEx.: I wish/if only you would come to the party*Usually HOPE is used instead of I wish to talk about the future.Ex.: I hope you come to the party
5To complain about someone´s behaviour: Wish/if only + WOULDEx.: I wish/if only the children would be quiet during the lesson
6Past, present or future. Very formal, to mean want + infinitive: Wish + infinitiveEx. Past: Napoleón wished to keep his plans a secret.Ex. Present: Please be quiet. The Director wishes to talk.Ex. Future: I´m sure she will wish to thank you for your gift.
7It´s time It´s time + infinitive Ex.: It´s time to go home now It´s time for + object + infinitiveEx.: It´s time for us to go home nowIt´s time + subject+ past simple (a little more formal)Ex.: It´s time we went home now
8It´s time + subject + past continuous (more colloquial) Ex.: It´s time we were going home nowIt´s about/high time + subject + past simpleEx.: It´s about time we went homeIt´s high time we went home
9Would rather/would sooner Preference about a general situation or possible future situationWould rather/sooner + infinitiveEx.: I´d sooner work mornings than eveningI´d rather/sooner travel than go to university
10Preference for another person to do or not to do sth. in the future Preference for another person to do or not to do sth. in the future. Past simple is more formal than present simple.Would rather/sooner + subject + present simple/past simpleEx.: I´d rather she works than does nothingEx.: He´d sooner you didn´t tell anyone
11Preference for one situation in the past over another Would rather/sooner + have + past participleEx.: When I was young, I´d rather have been a doctor than a photographer
12Wish or preference that actions/events in the PAST were different. Would rather/sooner + subject + past perfectEx. I´d rather/sooner you had asked me before you borrowed the car yesterday.
13EXERCISESIf only you __________ (not watch) television while I´m readingI wish I _________ (buy) that old houseI wish they ________ (have) more books in the libraryI wish he _________ (play) the piano as a professional very soon.wouldn´t watchhad boughthadwould play
14I´d rather you ________ ( do not smoke) in here I´d rather ______ (be) a sailor than a soldierI´d sooner you _________ (listen) to meI´d rather ____________ (buy) a television than an MP3didn´t smokebehad listenedhave bought