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Unit 3 Grammar Wish and if only It´s time Would rather/would sooner María Sacristán Moya María Villarreal Pérez 1ºC.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 3 Grammar Wish and if only It´s time Would rather/would sooner María Sacristán Moya María Villarreal Pérez 1ºC."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 3 Grammar Wish and if only It´s time Would rather/would sooner María Sacristán Moya María Villarreal Pérez 1ºC

2 Wish and if only General state in the PRESENT or a usual and regular event or habit: Wish/if only + PAST SIMPLE Ex.: He wishes he was a photographer If only we had longer holidays

3 Wish or regret about the PAST by saying how we would like the past to be different: Wish/ if only + PAST PERFECT Ex.: I wish I had trained as a doctor instead of as a teacher If only she had studied for her exams

4 Wishes for the FUTURE: Wish/if only + WOULD/COULD/MIGHT Ex.: I wish/if only you would come to the party *Usually HOPE is used instead of I wish to talk about the future. Ex.: I hope you come to the party

5 To complain about someone´s behaviour: Wish/if only + WOULD Ex.: I wish/if only the children would be quiet during the lesson

6 Past, present or future. Very formal, to mean want + infinitive: Wish + infinitive Ex. Past: Napoleón wished to keep his plans a secret. Ex. Present: Please be quiet. The Director wishes to talk. Ex. Future: I´m sure she will wish to thank you for your gift.

7 It´s time It´s time + infinitive Ex.: It´s time to go home now It´s time for + object + infinitive Ex.: It´s time for us to go home now It´s time + subject+ past simple (a little more formal) Ex.: It´s time we went home now

8 It´s time + subject + past continuous (more colloquial) Ex.: It´s time we were going home now It´s about/high time + subject + past simple Ex.: It´s about time we went home It´s high time we went home

9 Would rather/would sooner Preference about a general situation or possible future situation Would rather/sooner + infinitive Ex.: I´d sooner work mornings than evening I´d rather/sooner travel than go to university

10 Preference for another person to do or not to do sth. in the future. Past simple is more formal than present simple. Would rather/sooner + subject + present simple/past simple Ex.: I´d rather she works than does nothing Ex.: He´d sooner you didn´t tell anyone

11 Preference for one situation in the past over another Would rather/sooner + have + past participle Ex.: When I was young, I´d rather have been a doctor than a photographer

12 Wish or preference that actions/events in the PAST were different. Would rather/sooner + subject + past perfect Ex. I´d rather/sooner you had asked me before you borrowed the car yesterday.

13 EXERCISES If only you __________ (not watch) television while I´m reading I wish I _________ (buy) that old house I wish they ________ (have) more books in the library I wish he _________ (play) the piano as a professional very soon. wouldn´t watch had bought had would play

14 I´d rather you ________ ( do not smoke) in here I´d rather ______ (be) a sailor than a soldier I´d sooner you _________ (listen) to me I´d rather ____________ (buy) a television than an MP3 didn´t smoke be had listened have bought

15 THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION


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