Presentation on theme: "George Orwell’s Animal Farm You’re taking notes today! Don’t worry, be happy!"— Presentation transcript:
George Orwell’s Animal Farm You’re taking notes today! Don’t worry, be happy!
Government Systems Democracy government by the people the rule of the majority (vote) Socialism a society in which there is no private property a society in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state
Government Systems Communism government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production a system in which goods are owned in common and are available to all as needed Fascism a political philosophy that exalts nation and race above the individual usually headed by a dictatorial leader often includes forcible suppression of opposition
The Economics : An Overview Capitalism (+ Democracy) Market driven, encourages competition, unequal distribution of wealth Socialism State driven, private and state owned facilities Communism (+ Totalitarianism) State driven, state owns/controls everything, financial equality except for government officials Equality of Opportunity Equality of Condition
Karl Marx German philosopher and Father of Communism Wrote the Communist Manifesto His mission was to spread communist ideals and encourage the overthrow of capitalist societies He died beloved and was mourned by millions of revolutionary workers who believed in his manifesto
Russia: 1914-1917 Russia lingered in past and Czar (similar to a king; also spelled Tsar) still ruled absolutely Well-organized Communists began to dominate Russian leadership & focus on poor Hungry workers (proletariat) soon joined Communist groups to overthrow the rich, controlling class (bourgeoisie) Bolshevik Revolution (1917) was a Communist takeover led by Vladimir Lenin New political approach introduced: “Everyone would benefit equally!”
U nion of S oviet S ocialist R epublics Communist era begins led by Lenin and his two allies, Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin Nation also came to be known as the Soviet Union Dilemma: how do you bring peace and equality with opposition? Answer: campaign of terror Formed Red Army Identified and executed suspected anti-Communists, including the Czar and his family Lenin died 1924
Power struggle erupted between Trotsky and Stalin Trotsky – Dreamer, appetite for books and ideas, intellectual giant, visionary thinker, hoped to transform Russia into an industrial powerhouse Stalin – Quick study, spoke well, focused on creating loyal bonds between himself and powerful men within the soviets Stalin wins, maintained grip on power through political and social terror, silenced all opposition “Purges” – High-ranking officials systemically arrested, forced to admit to crimes they did not commit, executed An estimated 2-7 million people killed The Cheka, Stalin’s secret police, was used as an instrument of revolutionary terror and killed nearly 250,000 people U nion of S oviet S ocialist R epublics
Molotov & Pravda Molotov Became foreign minister of the USSR and one of the most influential lieutenants to Stalin. Helped Stalin achieve and maintain absolute power. In 1912 he founded the Bolshevik daily newspaper Pravda (The Truth) and became its editor. Pravda Propaganda newspaper used to sway public opinion to support Soviet leaders.
Propaganda Biased, one-sided communication meant to influence the thoughts and actions of an audience Lie, distort facts, manipulative, work to gain audience's trust Directly aimed at influencing the opinions of people rather than impartially providing information Does not have to be untrue to qualify as propaganda, but may omit so many pertinent truths that it becomes highly misleading
Format and Structure A “Fairy Story”: Orwell’s term to describe his story. It has elements of a fairy tale (ex. Talking animals) but also has a darker message… (Political) Satire: Style of writing that uses humor and exaggeration to attack flaws of society Irony : The contrast between what is said and meant / done Purpose of this social critique is to get the audience to rethink and reform Allegory: A narrative that conveys a secondary meaning, meaning outside the events of the story The Chronicles of Narnia is a Christian allegory of Jesus’s resurrection
CHARACTERPERSONALITY/ BEHAVIORANIMAL Mr. Jones Old Major Boxer Mollie Snowball Napoleon Squealer Moses Animal Farm Pre-Reading Make predictions about the following characters based upon their names.
Animal Farm Pre-Reading Write FIVE characteristics specific to each animal (i.e., are they slow or fast? Bright or dull? Kind or mean?) 1. goat 4. horse 2. pig 3. sheep 5. human