2SC.6.E.7.6 Differentiate between weather and climate. Benchmark:SC.6.E.7.6 Differentiate between weather and climate.
3Weather:Combination of temperature, precipitation, cloud cover, and winds experienced daily.Climate:Weather conditions of a place averaged over a long period of time.
4Know the DifferenceMeteorologists often point out that "climate is what you expect and weather is what you get." Or, as one middle school student put it, "Climate helps you decide what clothes to buy, weather helps you decide what clothes to wear."
5Why do some regions have a hot climate, and others cold?
6Why do some regions have a hot climate, and others cold? Answer:L.O.W.E.R.Near Water
7Latitude: Distance from the Equator is a key factor in determining whether a climate is hot or cold. Places closer to the North and South poles = colder temperaturesPlaces near the equator = warmer temperatures
8Ocean Currents:Temperature of an ocean current affects the temperature of air that passes over it.
9Wind & Air Masses: What is an AIR MASS? An air mass is a large volume of air that takes on the climatic conditions of the area where it is formed.
10Elevation: The Higher in Altitude, the Colder in Temperature. As the air rises, it expands because of the lower air pressure.As the air expands, it cools.
11Relief:Precipitation created when an air mass rises to cross a mountain barrier
12Near Water:In the summer the water acts like an air conditioner to keep the air temperatures coolIn the winter water acts like a heater to keep the temperatures from getting too coldContinental Climate (Away from water)Maritime Climate (Close to water)
13SC.6.E.7.5 Explain how energy provided by the Sun influences global patterns of atmospheric movement and the temperature differences between air, water, and land. (MAMA)SC.6.E.7.1 Differentiate among radiation, conduction, and convection, the three mechanisms by which heat is transferred through Earth’s system. (BABY)
14Benchmark Break ↓SC.6.E.7.5 Explain how energy provided by the Sun influences global patterns of atmospheric movement and the temperature differences between air, water, and land. Rewrite… KNOW: The Sun heats land and water at different rates. This difference causes global atmospheric movement. DO: EXPLAIN How weather is created due to heat differences.
15Air Land Water Specific Heat Specific Heat is how much energy it takes for a substance to increase by 1⁰C.SubstanceHeat RateWhat it meansAirAir heats up FAST over land and SLOWLY over waterDifferences in air temp. causes WIND.LandLow Specific HeatHeats up & gives heat away QUICKLYWaterHigh Specific HeatHeats up & gives heat away SLOWLY
16High and Low PressureHigh pressure occurs at COOLER temperatures. The air particles are close together.Low pressure occurs at HOTTER temperatures. The air particles are farther apart.
17Sea Breeze During the day, the land is HOTTER than the ocean. A breeze moves from the cool air over water (HIGH pressure) to the warm air over land (LOW pressure).
18Land Breeze At night, the ocean is WARMER than the land. A breeze moves from the cool air over land (HIGH pressure) to the warm air over the ocean (LOW pressure).
26Identify the Heat Transfer Part Three Agenda:Conduction ReviewRadiation ReviewConvection ReviewIdentify the Heat Transfer
27Conduction Review:When heat is transferred between two objects (hot→cold) that are TOUCHING!Most commonly, at least one object is a solid, and the others liquids or gases.
28Radiation Review:When heat is transferred between two objects (hot→cold) through EM thermal radiation WAVES)Can travel through the vacuum of space (from Sun) or through all forms of matter.
29Convection Review:When heat is transferred by the movement of the matter (fluids) from hot→cold locations.Fluids are substances that are able to “flow” easily. (liquids or gases).Convection currents are formed from hot→cold locations.