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AT&T Labs Research Evolution of IP/OL Performance Management Robert Doverspike, Jennifer Yates, Jorge Pastor, Martin Birk – AT&T Labs Research.

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Presentation on theme: "AT&T Labs Research Evolution of IP/OL Performance Management Robert Doverspike, Jennifer Yates, Jorge Pastor, Martin Birk – AT&T Labs Research."— Presentation transcript:

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2 AT&T Labs Research Evolution of IP/OL Performance Management Robert Doverspike, Jennifer Yates, Jorge Pastor, Martin Birk – AT&T Labs Research

3 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 2 Outline Key Takeaways – Performance Management – must consider interlayer (focus IP) Evolution story for IP/OL – Architecture for Long Haul Networks Example problems Next chapter in evolution – Lets get it right this time

4 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 3 Key Takeaways Optical PM goals should focus on use in IP layer – Links in the IP layer form connections in the optical layer – Virtually all high rate connections are IP links (between either routers or Ethernet switches) Perfect optical layer detection is a lofty goal, but – will fall short if architected in isolation E.g., need to have strong inter-layer coordination Why do we stress this for OL? – Inter-layer fault management has many flaws in practice, even after 15 years of SONET perfecting – Need adequate mechanisms across layers to handle scenarios when things go wrong or confusion reigns

5 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 4 Evolution Story for Long Haul Networks SONET Ring Layer IP Layer Pt-Pt WDM Layer Router ADM DCS/Intelligent Optical Switch Degree-n OADM/WXC WDM Terminal 1 st Generation

6 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 5 Evolution Story for Long Haul Networks SONET Ring Layer DCS Layer IP Layer Pt-Pt WDM Layer Router ADM DCS/Intelligent Optical Switch Degree-n OADM/WXC WDM Terminal 1 st Generation

7 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 6 Evolution Story for Long Haul Networks SONET Ring Layer IP Layer Pt-Pt WDM Layer ULH/WXC Layer Router ADM DCS/Intelligent Optical Switch Degree-n OADM/WXC WDM Terminal 1 st Generation 2nd Generation

8 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 7 Evolution Story for Long Haul Networks SONET Ring Layer IP Layer Pt-Pt WDM Layer ULH/WXC Layer Router ADM DCS/Intelligent Optical Switch Degree-n OADM/WXC WDM Terminal 1 st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd Generation

9 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 8 Some of the problems weve encountered Ring switching impact on higher layers Upper layer has timer – waits for lower layer to restore – Done! Wrong! – not a simple decision on when to take IP link up and down SONET Ring Layer IP Layer X

10 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 9 Some of the problems weve encountered 1 st Generation of IP/OL SONET alarms received by upper layer are ambiguous and conflicting Many error types in SONET: BER, AIS, P-LOS, clear during protection switching Arrive at different times Software bugs – routers dont behave as expected Inconsistencies in calculation of BER and IP layer holddown timer SONET Ring Layer IP Layer X AIS-PBER-PCLR LOS-L AIS-PBER-PCLR AIS-P PPP ACK; OSPF ping

11 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 10 No standards for inter-layer interaction – Physical layer: testers need requirement scripts to test – no standard, no script – No industry requirement often means no testing, no sharing of behavior – Historically, L1 and L3 labs have been separate Some members of Telecom community have integrated their labs – Software bugs – routers dont behave as expected – No specification of common parameters and metric Example: Router measures BER in fixed timer intervals Router takes link down upon TCA (threshold exceeded) Protection switching results in VERY short but high burst of error Crosses router threshold even though it is << 10 ms! What is the source of these problems?

12 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 11 IP (logical) layer LA SF Washington NY LA SF Washington NY Physical (fibre) layer Common SRLG Shared Risk Groups still not well modeled – Single failure at lower layer results in multiple, scattered link failures at higher layer – network unprepared to restore – Example: portions of dual IP access links routed over same ring – both links taken down due to previous confusion What is the source of these problems?

13 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 12 Identity Crisis 2nd Generation of IP/OL High speed (2.5/10/40Gbs) IP links skip SONET ring/xconnect layer and instead route over long sequences of Point-to-point WDM systems, interconnected by O/E/O optical transponders – Should the Optical Path pretend to be a transparent (like dark fiber) E.g., No AIS/BER TCA – re-transmit all LOS/LOP to Path Termination Points How does one isolate faults for repair (OTs, Amplifiers, WDM Terms)? – OR: Should it display characteristics of SONET Section/Line/Path Fault Management Architecture? However: then similar 1 st Gen IP/SONET Ring confusion occurs Practicality dictated that industry implemented a combination of both approaches

14 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 13 Use long-term model of all-optical path to IP layer link Two major issues to resolve – What if intermediate OEO exists in near-term? – How do we model restoration at OL and how does IP layer interact? IP layer responsible for deciding link health – Fast link layer detection (LOS) – GIGE and other signal are going to be transported over the 3 rd Gen OL Is the set of PM alarms and TCAs we inherit from SONET appropriate for 3 rd Gen OL? If not, which ones or new ones should we define? ULH/WSC: The Final Solution? 3rd Generation of IP/OL

15 AT&T Labs Research Title Page 14 Some potential approaches OL only passes simple alarms to the upper layer, e.g., LOS. – Upper layer makes its assessments of BER, packet coding violations, ACK failures – OL still does fault isolation for OEO components or amplifiers (e.g., to WDM Term or EMS or Fault OSS), but NOT passed up to IP layer – Where/how do we do this? Standards, Fora, vendor interactions, carrier requirements? Repair process: – Need to correlate what fails in the OL with what fails in the IP layer (1 to many map) – Network discovery of IP/OL relationships (e.g., SRLG) across layers would facilitate fault correlation process


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