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AP World History- Themes

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Presentation on theme: "AP World History- Themes"— Presentation transcript:

1 AP World History- Themes
I will identify and analyze the five themes of World History.

2 Bell Work Why did you decide to take AP World History?
What do you hope to get out of this class? If you could categorize world history, how would you do it? What types of categories would you choose?

3 Mr. Mitchell’s Classroom Expectations

4 My expectations for you this year:
You will attend (Physically and Mentally) You will complete all assignments You will make an effort to succeed

5 1. I will be respectful of others and the classroom learning environment
Be attentive and listen to those who are speaking Speak like a lady or a gentleman (No Cussing or offensive language) Treat other how you want to be treated Keep your classroom and the materials clean and in proper order Wait until the teacher is done with instructions before asking for things that are not part of the lesson

6 2. I need to be in class on time and ready to work
Be on time Be in dress code Bring all your needed materials Sit in the your assigned seat Get started on your bell work immediately No personal grooming in class (Make-up, Hair, etc.)

7 3. I will leave my cell phones, electronic devices, and other non-learning items in your locker.
If it is in class you will be asked to quietly give the item to Mr. Mitchell and you may retrieve it at the end of the day. Second time and it is out of Mr. Mitchell’s hands and will placed in the office.

8 4. I will raise my hand and wait for permission to speak or to get out of your seat.

9 5. I will be Responsible You are responsible for your own education
Turn in your work completed and on time Let the teacher know when you will be absent Ask for your make up work Ask for assistance

10 Themes of World History
In order to better learn and approach World History and to give it a framework for understanding. There are five themes in World History that we use to accomplish this. They are SPICE

11 Cornell Notes Write your title across the top page For each Theme
World History Themes – SPICE For each Theme Left Hand Colum = theme title Right Hand Colum = Bullitt Point Notes Synthesize a one sentence summary of the paragraph explaining the importance of the theme.

12 Thematic Approach Students in this course must learn to view history thematically. The AP World History course is organized around five overarching themes that serve as unifying threads throughout the course, helping students to relate what is particular about each time period or society to a “big picture” of history. The themes also provide a way to organize comparisons and analyze change and continuity over time. Consequently, virtually all study of history in this class will be tied back to these themes by utilizing a “SPICE” acronym.

13 Social Development and transformation of social structures
Gender roles and relations Family and kinship Racial and ethnic constructions Social and economic classes Sentence Summary:

14 Check for Understanding
In a constructed response, explain why having a social theme helps us understand world history.

15 Political State-building, expansion, and conflict
Political structures and forms of governance Empires Nations and nationalism Revolts and revolutions Regional, trans-regional, and global structures and organizations

16 Check for Understanding
In a constructed response, explain why having a political theme helps us understand world history.

17 Interaction between Humans and the Environment
Demography and disease Migration Patterns of settlement Technology

18 Check for Understanding
In a constructed response, explain why having a environmental interaction theme helps us understand world history.

19 Culture Development and interaction of cultures Religions
Belief systems, philosophies, and ideologies Science and technology The arts and architecture

20 Check for Understanding
In a constructed response, explain why having a cultural theme helps us understand world history.

21 Economic Creation, expansion, and interaction of economic systems
Agricultural and pastoral production Trade and commerce Labor systems Industrialization Capitalism and socialism

22 Check for Understanding
In a constructed response, explain why having a economic theme helps us understand world history.

23 DOL Identify and explain each of the five themes of world history.
Explain why it is important to use themes while learning about world history in a 3 to 5 sentence constructed response.

24 Note Taking I will learn the strategies to properly take notes independently using an AP World History textbook.

25 Development of the Human Experience.
I will analyze the development of the human experience through the Paleolithic Era and the Neolithic Revolution.

26 Bell work Describe the Hominids
Explain the migration of Homo Erectus and Homo Sapiens. Why is their migration impor tant?

27 Note Taking Skills Our basic structure is going to be Cornell Notes however with a few modifications. World History is about the “Big Idea” or “Big Picture” and not the specific details. You are not an effective copy machine, thus you are not expected to copy the whole chapter into your notes.

28 The Hominids Out of Eastern Africa, bones from 5 million years ago found “Lucy” discovered in Ethiopia Estimated date of death: 3.5 million years ago Animals adapt themselves to environment Hominids adapt environment to themselves Use of tools Language Complex cooperative social structures

29 Australopithecus “the southern ape”
Had opposable thumbs and fashioned tools Choppers, scrappers…food preparation tools

30 Homo Erectus “Upright-walking” man Smarter than Australopithecus
Fashioned mores sophisticated tools Cleavers, hard axes Development of the understanding of tending fire Cook food Defense against predators Source of artificial heat Increased intelligence and language skills Communicate complex ideas like coordinated hunts

31 Migration of Homo Erectus
Effective tools, fire, intelligence, and communication allowed Homo Erectus to migrate. Homo Erectus migrated to areas in Europe, Asia, and Africa

32 Global spread of hominids and Homo Sapiens



35 Homo Sapiens

36 Homo Sapiens Adaption to the Environment
By 13,000 BCE Homo sapiens in every inhabitable part of the world Archaeological finds: Sophisticated tools Choppers, scrapers, axes, knives, bows, arrows Cave and hutlike dwellings Use of fire, animal skins for warmth. Hunted several mammal species to extinction Climactic change may have accelerated process Their growth led to the extinction of the Mammoth

37 Homo Sapiens “Consciously thinking humans” Migration of Homo Sapiens
Larger brains and remarkable intelligence gave Homo Sapiens a survival advantage because they understood the world around them and exploited resources and communicated complex tasks. Migration of Homo Sapiens Their intelligence provided them with more mobility because they could adapt the environment and move into colder regions that the Homo Erectus could not. Spread to every part of the world including New Guinea, Austrailia and the Western Hemisphere.

38 Note Taking Practice Read the Paleolithic Society section and create notes for each subsection as well. Remember: Read looking for the “big picture” concepts 1st Paragraph is the “Thesis” of the Section/Subsection, Read it on 14 and write the thesis across the top under you section heading. Hunting and gathering peoples Include information here proving your thesis Social Order and Hunting Paleolithic Culture Neanderthal Peoples – Burial Cro-Magnon Peoples Venus Figurines Cave Paintings

39 Paleolithic Society Thesis: “Old Stone Age” Humans in this era forged for food as hunters and gatherers. (Developed a richer culture) Economy and Society of Hunting and Gathering Peoples Hunting and gathering required movement which disallowed for accumulated wealth with social classes. More Equality between sexes because women provided more caloric food consumption be gathering than men did by hunting. Hunting big game successful because of coordinated attacks and new bows and spears. Abondent areas began to see more perminant settlements arrive.

40 Paleolithic Society Paleolithic Culture
Neanderthal Peoples had more ritual burials which show a development of culture in the human experience. Cro-Magnon Peoples Homo Sapiens Sapiens More developed the Neanderthals New weapons- Spear Throwers, Bows, Harpoons Venus Figures- Importance of fertility demonstrates value in life and growing the community Cave paintings- Demonstrate culture (Pride in the hunt, Religious connection to the hunt) and intellectual power of the human species

41 Notes Expectation At the end of your notes on each chapter you need to write a 5 sentence summary/reflection for each of the SPICE themes summarizing the key “big ideas” from the chapter concerning each theme. You need to create 5 questions

42 Bell Work Explain the shift to agriculture in the Neolithic Era in 7 sentences, include the importance.

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