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1 Lodi Unified School District Advanced Placement Pathways INTRODUCTION TO PRE-AP STRATEGIES.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Lodi Unified School District Advanced Placement Pathways INTRODUCTION TO PRE-AP STRATEGIES."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Lodi Unified School District Advanced Placement Pathways INTRODUCTION TO PRE-AP STRATEGIES

2 2 What is Pre-AP? Pre-AP is a set of content-specific strategies designed to: –Build rigorous curricula –Promote access to AP for all students –Introduce skills, concepts, and assessment methods to prepare students for success when they take AP and other challenging courses

3 3 What is Pre-AP? (con’t) –A instructional process to strengthen the curriculum and increase the academic challenge for all students –An inclusive program for encouraging more students to access higher learning –A tool for working together in the same direction –A new way of thinking and approaching the classroom

4 4 Who should be considered for AP Pathways? GATE identified students AVID identified students Underrepresented student sub- groups Student/Parent/Guardian choice/request Teacher/Counselor/Administrator choice/request

5 5 Pre-AP Strategies in Social Science History (US, European) Government Economics Human Geography Psychology a study of change over time

6 6 Pre-AP Strategies in Social Science (Con’t) Students should be able to recognize and understand: Cause and effect relationships Multiple causations Trends, themes, and interactions The importance of BOTH change and continuity is shaping human events

7 7 Pre-AP Strategies for Social Science Primary Source Analysis Strategies –APPARTS: Author, Place and time, Prior Knowledge, Audience, Reason, The main idea, Significance

8 8 G-Persia G—Geographic P--Political E—Economic R—Religious S—Social I—Intellectual A--Artistic

9 9 C-GRIPES C—Cultural G—Geographic R—Religious I—Intellectual P—Political E—Economic S--Social

10 10 SPRITE S—SOCIAL P—Political R—Religious I—Intellectual T—Technological E—Economic

11 11 SPEC S—SOCIAL P—P0litical E—Economic C--Cultural

12 12 SOAPSTone S—Speaker O—Occasion A—Audience P—Purpose S—Subject T--Tone

13 13 OPTIC O—Overview P—Parts T—Title I—Interrelationships C—draw a Conclusion

14 14 BART B—BIAS A—Attribution R—Reliability T--Tone

15 15 Strategies for going from Main Idea to Details Big Picture Strategy Creating Guiding Questions Working from Essential-Thematic Questions

16 16 Strategies for going from Details to Main Idea 1.Conceptual Identifications 2.Using Subheadings 3.Generating main ideas from a reading 4.Half-page solutions (note-taking strategy)

17 17 Strategies for Synthesizing Information 1.Categorization 2.Generalization 3.Evaluation

18 18 Assessment Strategies 1.Multiple Choice—test-taking strategies Tips 2.Designing effective questions Improving Student Writing Focus on Thesis

19 19 Assessment Strategies (con’t) 3. Writing supporting paragraphs 4. Writing effective conclusions 5. Construction/use of Rubrics 6. Frequent and appropriate use of past AP exams as models and skill-building strategies

20 20 Pre-AP Mathematics Pre-AP Strategies in Mathematics and Statistics

21 21 Pre-Ap Mathematics Posing Questions Reflection After-class Debriefing Classroom Illustration(s) Use of Circular Objects

22 22 Teaching from a Conceptual “Big Picture” view of Mathematics Identifying and Generating Patterns What’s the Rule? Deducing Relationships Looking below the surface— Identifying common structures Sequencing Problems

23 23 Teaching from a Conceptual “Big Picture” view of Mathematics (con’t) Talking Mathematically—Class Discussions Providing Summaries Indicating Agreement Retelling Problems Assembling Clues

24 24 Math Assessments Formative Summative Short Answer Tests Use of past AP Tests

25 25 Pre-AP Science Pre-AP Strategies in Science

26 26 Pre-AP Science Strategies Individualized Instruction Electronic Communication Technology Tools in Education

27 27 Pre-AP Science Strategies (con’t) Applying Technology in the Classroom Observation and Analyses Small Group Collaborative learning Multimedia Quizzes/Tests The Calculator-Computer Connection

28 28 Pre-AP Science Strategies (con’t) Using Computers in the Science Classroom Integrating Power point Concept mapping Drawing a Concept Map Using Spreadsheets to Analyze Experimental data

29 29 Pre-AP Science Strategies (con’t) Creating a Live Web Page Linking the Graphic Calculator to the Computer Use of Scientific and Graphing Calculators Scaffolding Science Lessons/Labs for various Grade Levels

30 30 Pre-AP Science Strategies (con’t) Improving Reading Comprehension PACA—Predicting and Confirming Activity QAR--Question/Answer Relationship K-W-L

31 31 Pre-AP Science Strategies (con’t) I-N-S-E-R-T: Interactive Notation System for Effective Reading and Thinking Spider (Web) Map Continuum Scale (Time Line) Series of Events Chain

32 32 Pre- AP Science Strategies (con’t) Fishbone Map Concept map Human Interaction Outline Problem/Solution Outline Cycle Use of past AP Exams

33 33 Pre-AP English English Pre-AP Strategies

34 34 English teachers who utilize Pre-AP strategies at any grade level must: Introduce literary terminology and definitions. Model the application of terminology to the reading of the work. Structure activities to ask students to explore a work and independently recognize the elements of style, use of literary techniques, etc.

35 35 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) Structure close critical reading experiences Select passage from works that illustrate an author’s style, technique, etc. Teach students to write a prose-analysis essay Provide historical background of a work of literature when necessary.

36 36 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) Levels of Questioning SOAPSTone: S—Subject O—Occasion A—Audience P—Purpose S—Speaker T--Tone

37 37 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) Literary Analysis Strategies SIFT—Symbol, Images, Figures of Speech, Tone and Theme Dante’s fourfold Method: Analyzing Symbol and Allegory Aristotelian Theory of Criticism

38 38 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) LEAD: Analysis of Diction L—Low or informal diction E—Elevated language or formal diction A—Abstract and concrete diction D—Denotation and connotation

39 39 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) Advanced Syntactical strategies Syntax Analysis Worksheet Introduction and analysis of Archetypes DIDLS: Diction, Images, Details, Language, Sentence Structure

40 40 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) TP-CASTT: Title, Paraphrase, Connotation, Attitude, Shifts Title (again) Theme

41 41 Metacognitive Strategies Thinking Notes Reading Aloud Thinking Aloud

42 42 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) Ladders of Questions Reading Journals Reading Strategies Annotating Texts Discussion Methods Fishbowl Discussions Timed Discussions

43 43 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) Reading Conferences Bulletin Board Threaded Discussions Literature Circles Using Graphic Organizers

44 44 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) SMELL: Sender-receiver relationship Message Emotional strategies Logical Strategies Language

45 45 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) TWIST: Tone Word Choice Imagery and detail Style Theme

46 46 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) Assessment Strategies PAMDISS: Writing Strategy— Purpose, Audience, Mode, Diction, Images/Concrete Details, Syntax, Structure

47 47 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) Self-Evaluation and Revision: The Four Bases of Effective Writing Peer Editing Teacher-Made Scoring Guides and Rubrics Use of AP Exam Student Samples

48 48 Pre-AP English Strategies (con’t) Modification of AP Exam questions to meet classroom objectives Use of Past AP Exams


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