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THE WAR TO END ALL WARS FACTORS THAT BROUGHT THE WAR TO AN END: - In 1917, the Russian Revolution occurs, March-October LENIN signs Brest-Litovsk treaty.

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Presentation on theme: "THE WAR TO END ALL WARS FACTORS THAT BROUGHT THE WAR TO AN END: - In 1917, the Russian Revolution occurs, March-October LENIN signs Brest-Litovsk treaty."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS FACTORS THAT BROUGHT THE WAR TO AN END: - In 1917, the Russian Revolution occurs, March-October LENIN signs Brest-Litovsk treaty.

2 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS FACTORS THAT BROUGHT THE WAR TO AN END: - In 1917, the Russian Revolution occurs, March-October -LENIN signs Brest-Litovsk treaty. - Russia's gave up: Finland, the future Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), Belarus, and Ukraine, and the territory of Congress Poland (which was not mentioned in the treaty). Most of these territories were in effect ceded to the German Empire, who lost them a year later anyways.

3 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS FACTORS THAT BROUGHT THE WAR TO AN END: - In April the United States entered the war. -Sinking of the Lusitania is just one of many events that led to US entering the war. -Led by President Woodrow Wilson. -New Powerhouse on the Block.

4 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS FACTORS THAT BROUGHT THE WAR TO AN END: - In 1918, Germany mounts its last offensive but they are low on supplies and troops. -They kill 800,000 allied troops but lose 700,000 themselves. -They repeated mistakes from the failed Schlieffen Plan, like not having enough supplies for soldiers.

5 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS CANADAS ROLE: - During Canadas 100 Days, Canadians break through German lines. -Central Powers collapse. -Armistice signed on Nov 11, Robert Borden signs separately from Britain and gets his own seat at the Paris Peace Conference.

6 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS IN THE PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE of 1919: - Signing of the Treaty of Versailles. -Three countries led the proceedings. D.L. GEORGE G. CLEMENCEAU W. WILSON BRITAIN FRANCE USA

7 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS GOALS OF THE TREATY - Woodrow Wilson would like to avoid mistakes of the past. -PUBLISHES THE 14 POINTS EMPHASIZING: SELF DETERMINATION PEACE -BRITAIN AND FRANCE WANT TO PUNISH GERMANY FOR STARTING THE WAR. THEY EMPHASIZE PUNISHING GERMANY DIVIDING THE SPOILS OF WAR

8 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS PUNISHING GERMANY - This was led by France. -WHY? They had lost ¼ of all young men in their country. 4.29% of their total population died, more than any other country (except Romania, who lost 10% of population, and the Ottoman empire who lost 13% of population). USA lost 0.13%, Canada 0.92% Germany under 4%

9 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS PUNISHING GERMANY - This was led by France. -WHY? Russia lost many men but they were TRAITORS

10 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS PUNISHING GERMANY - Their land was full of holes, trenches, crosses and landmines. -WHY? Fighting was mostly on Belgium and French soil.

11 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS PUNISHING GERMANY - Coal mines flooded -Factories razed -Farmland ruined. ECONOMIC ENGINE IS DESTROYED

12 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS TERMS OF TREATY THEY WANT: GERMANY TO DEMILITARIZE LOOK AT THE CONDITIONS OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILES PAGE 32 of your workbook.

13 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS TERMS OF TREATY THEY WANT: GERMANY TO DEMILITARIZE ACCEPT WAR GUILT CLAUSE - Germany has to say We Caused World War I (Even though really they didnt)

14 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS TERMS OF TREATY THEY WANT: GERMANY TO DEMILITARIZE ACCEPT WAR GUILT CLAUSE Leads to SOME GERMANS BECOME VERY ANGRY AT FRANCE

15 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS TERMS OF TREATY THEY WANT: GERMANY TO DEMILITARIZE ACCEPT WAR GUILT CLAUSE Leads to SOME GERMANS BECOME VERY ANGRY AT FRANCE

16 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS TERMS THAT WOODROW WILSON WANTS He writes the Fourteen Points, his framework to planning peace. INCLUDED THE IDEA OF A LEAGUE OF NATIONS

17 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS TERMS THAT WOODROW WILSON WANTS He writes the Fourteen Points, his framework to planning peace. INCLUDED THE IDEA OF A LEAGUE OF NATIONS Peace through collective security, not the traditional BUILD UP YOUR ARMIES AND HAVE ALLIANCES METHOD.

18 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS TERMS THAT WOODROW WILSON WANTS He writes the Fourteen Points, his framework to planning peace. INCLUDED THE IDEA OF A LEAGUE OF NATIONS EUROPE agrees, but the United States refuses to join, so the league has no real leader or powerhouse.

19 THE WAR TO END ALL WARS Woodrow Wilson dies in Many of his ideas die with him. NEW IDEAS invade Europe.


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