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Rigorous Teaching and Learning in ELA & Social Studies Tonya Chacón December 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Rigorous Teaching and Learning in ELA & Social Studies Tonya Chacón December 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rigorous Teaching and Learning in ELA & Social Studies Tonya Chacón December 2012

2 Care free education dachrome_20105962.html dachrome_20105962.html

3 XYZ Elementary School Excellent School & School District Exceptional Facility Grades 4-6 Students - 1000 (approx) Faculty and staff - 125 Administrators - 3

4 Student Accomplishments 75% of students score advanced on PSSA Two advanced reading sections at each grade level (need for additional classes) Students capable of rigorous ELA

5 Student Needs Grades 5 & 6 have highest number of students scoring basic and below basic on PSSAs in Reading Some student groups score lower on PSSA in Reading Rigor in the Curriculum Grade Student Groups456 All Students918286 White918186 Asian939193 IEP783955 Economically Disadvantaged 645042 Disaggregated PSSA Data by Grade Level

6 Professional Development Three inservice days Monthly – Department meetings – Faculty meetings The principal has made guided reading the focus of professional development this year.

7 Teacher Needs Guided Reading Differentiate instruction Elementary Literacy Curriculum (building- level) Translate curriculum into instruction – “what should I be doing in the classroom?” The top-performing school systems recognize that the only way to improve outcomes is to improve instruction (McKinsey, 2007)

8 Problem Identification Curriculum resources exist but are not implemented with fidelity. – Few opportunities for coherent professional development – Curriculum materials without coherent curriculum and instruction

9 Recommendations PLCs Teachers, afterschool, sustained time ELA & SS Curriculum Instructional Inquiry Goal: Increase content and pedagogical knowledge

10 Rationale There is a relationship between teaching and learning. As teacher effectiveness increases, lower achieving students are the first to benefit. Sanders & Rivers, 1996 Improved Student Learning Content ELA & SS Pedagogy

11 Curriculum Development Analyze curriculum materials (year 1) Design rigorous content (years 1-2) Coherent ELA & SS curriculum within and across grade levels (years 3+) Gallimore, Ermeling, Saunders, & Goldenberg (1996) Increased outcomes are more likely when teams teach similar content trained peer-facilitator Use inquiry focused protocol, and have stable settings in which to engage in continuous improvement.

12 sive College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards Appendix A: Research behind the standards and a glossary of terms Appendix B: Text exemplars illustrating complexity, quality, and range of reading appropriateness Appendix C: Annotated samples of student writing at various grades Reading Informational Text Reading Literature Foundational Skills Writing Speaking & Listening A necessary component of an effective, comprehensive reading program designed to develop proficient readers. Enables students to read, understand, and respond to informational texts. Enables students to read, understand, and respond to literature. Develops the skills of informational, argumentative, and narrative writing as well as the ability to engage in evidence based analysis of text and research. Focuses students on communication skills that enable critical listening and effective presentation of ideas. PA Common Core Standards English Language Arts & Literacy PA Common Core – Reading and Writing for Science and Technical Subjects 6-12 (Draft) PA Common Core – Reading and Writing for History and Social Studies 6-12 (Draft)

13 Cohesive Curriculum Development Mod 1Mod 2Mod 3Mod 4Mod 5 6 th Gr. 5 th Gr. 4 th Gr. Learning to Read Reading to Learn

14 Instructional Inquiry Four operational features are hypothesized to be critical to teachers sustaining and benefiting from instructional inquiry. 1.Job alike teams 3-7 people 2.Select a team facilitator 3.Inquiry focused protocols 4.Stable settings Gallimore, Ermeling, Saunders, & Goldenberg (1996) p. 548

15 Instructional Inquiry Process Participate in inquiry- based instruction (integrated ELA and Social Studies) Identify salient features of rigorous integrated ELA-SS instruction (What does it look like)? Design, implement, & reflect on integrated ELA-SS lesson Evaluate samples of student work Obtain feedback, refine, and reflect. Refine curriculum, develop thematic units focused on rigorous content Seeing causal connections fosters acquisition of key teaching skills and knowledge, such as identifying student needs, formulating instructional plans, and using evidence to refine instruction. Gallimore, Ermeling, Saunders, & Goldenberg (1996) p. 548

16 Unit/Module Topic/Lesson Examining Point of View: Relevance to History Performance Standards See Attached (Rationale) Essential Question Why is point of view important to the study of history? Instructional Practice Questioning the Author, Primary Documents, Inquiry-Based, Comprehension Toolkit Concepts Point of View Evidence Key Ideas Point of View is an important literary device Point of view is an important tool for historians. History often involves conflict. Teacher Resources See reference/resource section Media Resources Smart board See Attached (Student Resources) Student Activities See extension activities Evaluation Student artifacts (e.g., T-Chart, Quick Writes, and writing) demonstrate understanding of point of view; students use critical thinking skills to interpret passage; students are engaged with the text. Misc. Point of View

17 Boy’s AccountTeacher’s Account "Finding that the owner was not disposed to turn out, we determined upon a volley of snowballs and a good hurrah. They produced the right effect, for the crazy machine turned out into the deep snow, and the skinny old pony started on a full trot. He was suddenly disturbed by loud hurrahs from behind, and by a furious pelting of balls of snow and ice upon the top of his wagon. "In his alarm he dropped his reins, and his horse began to run away. In the midst of the old man's trouble, there rushed by him, with loud shouts, a large party of boys, in a sleigh drawn by six horses. 'Turn out! turn out, old fellow!' 'Give us the road!' 'What will you take for your pony?' 'What's the price of oats, old man?' were the various cries that met his cars. Point of View Sample Text McGuffey Fourth Eclectic Reader (1873)

18 Sample Text My dear Patsy After four days journey I arrived here without any accident and in as good health as when I left Philadelphia. The conviction that you would be more improved in the situation I have placed you than if still with me, has solaced me on my parting with you. …The acquirements which I hope you will make under the tutors I have provided for you will render you more worthy of my love, and if they cannot increase it they will Prevent its diminution. …With respect to the distribution of your time the following is what I should approve. from 8. to 10 o'clock practise music. from 10. to 1. dance one day and draw another. from 1. to 2. draw on the day you dance, and write a letter the next day. from 3. to 4. read French. from 4. to 5. exercise yourself in music. from 5. till bedtime read English, write. …I expect you will write to me by every post. Inform me what books you read, what tunes you learn, and enclose me your best copy of every lesson in drawing. Write also one letter every week either to your aunt Eppes, your aunt Skipwith, (or) your aunt Carr, and always put the letter you so write under cover to me. Take care that you never spell a word wrong. Always before you write a word consider how it is spelt, and if you do not remember it, turn to a dictionary. It produces great praise to a lady to spell well. I have placed my happiness on seeing you good and accomplished, and no distress which this world can now bring on me could equal that of your disappointing my hopes. If you love me then, strive to be good under every situation and to all living creatures, and to acquire those accomplishments which I have put in your power, and which will go far towards ensuring you the warmest love of your affectionate father, TH: JEFFERSON Source: Julian Boyd, ed., Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Vol. 6 (Columbia, Mo., 1966), pp. 359-360.

19 Classroom Experiences Cohesive Curriculum – Similar content Increased focus on curriculum Increased student engagement – All students experience high quality instruction – Text complexity – Read a variety of text – Critical thinking, discussion, debate, and conjecture Collaboration Expectations

20 Evaluation Cohesive curriculum and instructional practices – Look for rigor, implement curriculum with fidelity Student achievement – Variety of assessment measures – Data analysis to inform instructional practice

21 Challenges Teacher buy-in (convince teachers) Contractual obligations Funding

22 Summary There is a significant relationship between teaching and learning We have at our disposal tools to develop powerful teaching and learning experiences so that all students can be successful. 2O-Q 2O-Q

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