Presentation on theme: "AATHROPODA SUBPHYLUM CHELICERATA Defining Characteristics chelicerates have segmented bodies with jointed limbs, all covered in a cuticle made of chitin."— Presentation transcript:
AATHROPODA SUBPHYLUM CHELICERATA
Defining Characteristics chelicerates have segmented bodies with jointed limbs, all covered in a cuticle made of chitin and proteins chelicerate bauplan consists of two tagmata, the cephalothorax and the abdomen, except that mites have lost a visible division between these sections Chelicerate are the only appendages that appear before the mouth
Defining Characteristics s has the open circulatory system typical of the arthropods, in which a tube-like heart pumps blood through the hemocoel, which is the major bod cavity Marine chelicerates have gills, while the air-breathing forms generally have both book lungs and trachea Absence of antennae Marine species are horseshoe crabs, sea spiders, & mites
SUBPHYLUM CHELICERATA Class Merostomata Class Merostomata Class Pycnogonida Class Pycnogonida Class Arachnida Class Arachnida
Class Merostomata Defining characteristics: -Appendages on the abdomen are flatted and modified for gas exchange as “book gills”. -Terminal portion of body drawn out into an elongated site. Only four living species: the horseshoe crabs The cephalothorax & abdomen are covered by a hard non-jointed carapace.
REPRODUCTION Unusual in arthropods, it has gonochoric and have true external fertization In male gonadal network is formed. - duct - testes being attached as small alveoli. In female - ovary forms all the branches.
Class PYCNOGONIDA Defining characteristics: - Body is not divided into distinct regions. - Unique proboscis at anterior end, with an opening at its tip. - Includes the sea spiders, several of which are common in our area. - Feed on soft bodied invertebrates, hydroids, bryozoans colonies & sponges.
Sea Spiders Have a long proboscis for feeding & a digestive tract with gonads extending into walking legs. Difficult to discern the cephalothorax & abdomen Anterior appendages may bear cheliceras that group pieces food. Ovigers-structures used by makes to carry eggs on body When eggs are mature they are deposited in a hydroid colony
CLASS ARACHNIDA They have paired, jointed appendages (parts that are attached to the main body) Present of hardened exoskeleton ( exo means "outer") Segmented (divided into parts) body, and a well-developed head. Their body consists of two main parts: a fused head and thorax, and an abdomen
They have paired, jointed appendages (parts that are attached to the main body) Present of hardened exoskeleton ( exo means "outer") Segmented (divided into parts) body, and a well-developed head. Their body consists of two main parts: a fused head and thorax, and an abdomen
Most arachnids live on land They breathe by means of book lungs (so called because their thin membranes are arranged like the pages of a book) by tracheae (small tubes that distribute air from the outside throughout the body) or both.