Presentation on theme: "Social and Economic Implication of the use of the Computers By Indrani Chakraborty For IX CS."— Presentation transcript:
Social and Economic Implication of the use of the Computers By Indrani Chakraborty For IX CS
How has Technology Affected YOU? All Technology has a profound affect on all of us. Can you tell me the pros and cons of technology? 2Copyright
Technology is the basis of a society, and it affects all civilizations past, present, and future. Technology is like Newton's third law of motion, "For every action there is an opposite reaction. How does technology affect you and this classroom? 3Copyright
Technology has many benefits but at the same time it can have negative consequences. Technology affects our society significantly. For example one of the most advanced inventions is the computer. The computer might be considered the greatest invention ever (next to the telephone and light bulb) and we are constantly finding new ways to improve it. Computers influence many aspects of our lives, including: medicine, communications, mathematics, entertainment, business, agriculture, and all other sciences. How do you use computers today? 4Copyright
While computers are beneficial to us we depend on them too much; this makes us vulnerable to computer hackers who seek to destroy all we have created. What about inappropriate web sites? Chat rooms? These can also be negative. Have you ever heard of a story concerning computers that turned out to be negative? 5Copyright
We tend to think of inventions as modern gadgets, yet there are Stone Age innovations that we still use today. Think of inventions that still exsist in the 21st century. Some examples might be farming, cooking, games etc. 6Copyright
Velcro inventor George de Mestral wanted more stringent patent (excludes other from using invention for a period of time) laws. How would extending the life of a patent benefit inventors? What would be the affects on the rest of society? How would this affect drug manufacturers as we discussed in unit 1? 7Copyright
The cotton gin is a vivid example of how an invention can have positive (boosting the textile industry) and negative (creating a strong new economic incentive for owning slaves) effects on society. Are there other inventions that have (positive and negative aspects)? Some may include airplanes, automobiles, cell phones, computers, etc. Name the positive and negative of each of these inventions!! 8Copyright
Society pushes us to invent and innovate new products every day. We as a society demand more and better products all the time. Do we stop to look at the affect this has on us as a society and a nation. Stop and think about how technology effects you both positively and negatively every day. 9Copyright
2000/11/1710 A HISTORICAL APPROACH When did computers begin to have an effect on people? How have we been affected? What HAVE we done? Have we become too dependent on computers? What can we do about it?
2000/11/1711 When did computers begin to have an effect on people? The early machines - one-off, isolated 1950: UNIVAC - the first multi-frame machine 1955: IBM the first University machine 1960: IBM the first College machine The period of the “priest-hood” of programmers
2000/11/1712 Early Programming
2000/11/1713 When did computers begin to have an effect on people? : Time sharing 1964: The first “Personal computing” Immediate feedback Programming by trial and error The introduction of the mini- computer The beginning of the period of computing as a “public utility” - for the privileged few
2000/11/1714 When did computers begin to have an effect on people? 1970s - The microcomputer for enthusiasts Computers in the office The IBM PC The Macintosh The period of the “HOME” computer And since then … The INTERNET For the Millions
2000/11/1715 When did computers begin to have an effect on people? first computation over telephone lines 1960s - the MODEM and Timesharing 1970s - networking 1980s - ARPANet, NSFNet, BITNET, … News groups, LISTSERVs, 1990s - The INTERNET - WWW The period of ubiquitous computing
2000/11/1716 Ringing the Changes Computer as a Number Cruncher Computer as a Utility Computer as a Communicator Computer as a general purpose system Computer as a Search Engine Computer as a Tool
2000/11/1717 How have we been affected? The early days: “computerists” became addicted but proud and dedicated to the public - the concept of the GIANT BRAIN to the insiders - the dumb, recalcitrant, moronic computer
2000/11/1718 How have we been affected? 1950s - the emergence of the HACKER 1960s - the identification of the user The computer replaces the slide rule The job of the “future” The era of job swapping 1970s - the connected user 1980s - the personal computer 1990s - the on-line millions
2000/11/1719 How have we been affected? Users have moved from being an elite “professionally responsible” to a community with widely varying attitudes Very high level applications allow anyone to develop a program Including the untrained, the untrainable, and the don’t- wannabe-trained
2000/11/1720 The stages of impact Direct replacement of an activity with little change in productivity Enhancement of activities by improvements in speed and efficiency Extending activities to those that could not be done previously
2000/11/1721 What HAVE we done? Created a “DIGITAL DIVIDE” The have’s and the have’nots Between schools, between school districts Between the old and the young Between parents and children Between male and female Between rich and poor Between town and country
2000/11/1722 What HAVE we done? Look at almost any job description! Qualifications for a secretary : (1)...Working knowledge of standard office practices, equipment and word- processing software; …. Preferences given for experience with spreadsheets and graphics software, Microsoft Word, Word Equation and Excel;... experience editing and proofreading complex documents. (2) Preferences given for experience working on a Mac OS, experience with Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, and Banner, experience maintaining a database.
2000/11/ IBM Advertisement
2000/11/1724 Yesterday, Marion was a billing clerk Today, she’s a whole department. Friden Advertisement 1965
2000/11/1725 What HAVE we done? WAREHOUSE SUPERVISOR: Must be computer literate to include word processing, spreadsheets, web-based research, and . Must have a valid vehicle operator's permit and a good driving record. We have changed people’s lives For good or bad?
2000/11/1726 Informality vs the Archive The seemed so innocent. "Betty, hi," he remembers cheerfully typing to his colleague. "I haven't been successful reaching you by phone, so I'll try instead." And so Bill Lampton--then an employee of a large hospital- -dashed off the rest of his note on some trivial office matter and hit the send button. Betty never got past the greeting. "I have no idea what you mean about my not returning phone calls," Lampton recalls Betty firing back. "To have you accuse me of ignoring your calls is unthinkable and inexcusable.... As to the purpose of the that you sent me, I prefer not to respond, as I dislike dealing with anyone who assumes the worst of me."
2000/11/1727 Have we become too dependent on computers? Have we become too dependent on: Steel? Cars? Oil? Electricity? Telephones? Plastic? Television? Housing? Airplanes? Clothing? Prosthetics? Society?
2000/11/1728 What have we done to Society? Collapsed time? Collapsed space? Broken down natural barriers? Intermixed incompatible attitudes? Invaded privacy? Made it vulnerable? Created an information overload?
2000/11/1730 What have we done to Society? Provided a new industry with expanding employment needs New life for old industries Improved communications Created tools that would otherwise be impossible Saved time Changed the “Atomic Age” into the “Information Age” For
2000/11/1731 What are the dangers? Using computers where simpler solutions exist Using software in critical situations Safety critical applications Mission critical systems BUT AREN’T THESE OFFSET BY ADVANTAGES?
2000/11/1732 What are the advantages? Using software in critical situations Safety critical applications Mission critical systems More easily upgradeable, replaceable Millions of new uses, new capabilities
2000/11/1733 What can we do about it? Should we become Luddites? (See
2000/11/1734 Should we have killed the railroad engine?
2000/11/1735 Should we NOT continue to develop the computer? We cannot go backward We have not had a MAJOR breakthrough since the integrated circuit What is the next big step going to be and where? What will be the effect?
2000/11/1736 Progress, Development, Evolution Whatever we do We will not stop progress We will not stop people using our products in ways that we do appreciate And we WILL find new uses and applications that will be advantageous
2000/11/1737 Stopping Progress An Example
2000/11/1738 One last thought Martin Luther King: “Our technology is outstripping our spirituality”