Presentation on theme: "Conflict Definition: A process that begins when one party perceives that another party has negatively affected,or is about to negatively affect,something."— Presentation transcript:
Conflict Definition: A process that begins when one party perceives that another party has negatively affected,or is about to negatively affect,something that the first party cares about.
Conflict is the Result of… Poor Communication Lack of Openness and Trust between people Misbehaviour between the Individuals Failure of Managers to be Responsive to the need and aspiration of their employees. Action and Reaction between Individuals
Different Views of Conflict The Traditional View of Conflict The Human Relations View of Conflict The Interactionist View of Conflict
Traditional View Definition: The belief that all conflicts are harmful and must be avoided.
Human Relations View Definition: The belief that Conflict is a Natural and Inevitable outcome in any group.
Interactionist View Definition: The belief that Conflict is not only a Positive force in a group but that it is also an absolute necessity for a group to Perform Effectively.
Functional &dysfunctional conflict Definition : Conflict that supports the goal of the group and improves its performance. Definition: Conflict that hinders group performance.
Conflict process Stage-I:Potential Opposition or Incompatibility Stage-II:Cognition and Personalization Stage-III:Intentions Stage-IV:Behavior Stage-V:Outcomes
Stage-I Includes… Communication Structure Personal Variables
Stage-II Includes… Perceived Conflict: Awareness by one or more parties of the existence of conditions that create opportunities for conflict to arise Felt Conflict: Emotional involment in a conflict that creates anxiety,tenseness,frustration or hostilty
importance of stage-II
Stage-III Intention Definition : decision to act in a given way.
Dimensions of Intention Cooperativeness: ‘’The degree to which one party attempts to satisfy the other party’s concerns’’ Assertiveness: ‘’The degree to which one party attempts to satisfy the his or her own concerns’’
Negotiation A process in which two or more parties exchange goods and services and attempt to agree on the exchange rate for them The terms Negotiation & Bargaining use Interchangeably…
Importance of Negotiation To avoid Conflict To find out an alternative & To improve Relation among the Employees
Two Approaches to negotiation Distributive Bargaining: Negotiation that seeks to divide up a fixed amount of resources; win/lose situation. Example : A person at cars’ Showroom Negotiates with dealer.
The Term Fixed Pie… The belief that there is only a set of amount of goods and services to be divided up between the parties.
Target point: That defines what an individual would like to achieve… Resistance Point : which marks the lowest outcome that is acceptable
Integrative Bargaining Negotiation that seeks one or more settlements that can create a win/win solution. Which satisfies the concerns or interests of both the parties.
Example: Negotiation between sales representative for a Women’s sportswear manufacturer and firm’s credit Manager
Negotiation Process Preparation & Planning : Gather information & make Strategy. Defining Ground Rules : After making Strategy then parties define the Ground Rules.
Individual Difference in Negotiation Effectiveness
Factors Personality Traits in negotiation: According to Assessments of the Personality-Negotiation relationship,personalty traits have no significant direct effect on Bargaining process or Negotiation outcomes.
Conti…. Moods/Emotions in Negotiation: Do moods and emotions influence negotiation ?
Conti…. Gender Differences in Negotiations: Men & Women
Third Party Negotiation A Mediator: A neutral Third Party who facilitates a negotiation solution by using reasoning,persuation,and suggestion for alternatives. Arbitrator: A Third Party to a negotiation who has the authority to dictate an agreement.
Conti…. Conciliator: A trusted third party who provides an informal communication link between the negotiator and the opponent. Consultant: An impartial third party,skilled in conflict management,who attempts to facilitate creating problem solving through communication and analysis.
Conflict & Culture Cultural Difference in Negotiations