1. Tauhid It refers to the submission to the oneness of God. Allah as the ultimate owner of all resources in the whole world It leads to the way of life in conformity to the will of Allah Observe the relationship between: i. Man and his Creator - 5 pillars of Islam and 6 pillars of iman ii. Man and his fellow man - There should be no exploitation towards poor and needy through concentration of wealth. - Everybody should care and help each other.
iii. Man and his surroundings or environment - Man as a trustee of Allah on earth should respect and do well to the nature as other creatures of Allah.
2 types of Tawhid Rububiyyah - Allah as the creator of the universe has the ultimate rights to determine the rules and code of conduct to be followed by man and other creatures. - All activities in an organization must follow according to the will of Allah “ Allah is the Creator of everything and He has charge over everything” (Surah Al-Zumar, verse 62) “Is not He who created the heavens and the earth able to create the like of them? Yea! And He is Creator (of all), the Knower” (Surah Yassin, verse 81) “And when Ibrahim said: My Lord! Show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: What! And do you not believe? He said: Yes, but that my heart may be at ease. He said: Then take four of the birds, then train them to follow you, then place on every mountain a part of them, then call them, they will come to you flying; and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise” (Surah al-Baqarah, verse 260)
Cont..2 types of Tawhid Uluhiyyah - Man as a creature should trust and submit solely to the willpower of Allah above everything “ And I (Nabi Ibrahim) will withdraw from you and what you call on besides Allah, and I will call upon my Lord; maybe I shall not remain unblessed in calling upon my Lord” (Surah Mariam, verse 48) “So when he withdrew from them and what they worshipped besides Allah, We gave to him Ishaq and Yaqoub, and each one of them We made a prophet” (Surah Mariam, verse 49 )
2. Tazkiyah The purification of soul, actions and wealth from any sinful intention and deeds (e.g. the obligation of zakat payment) To ensure al-falah (the ultimate happiness and success) in the world and hereafter. The day of Judgement (hereafter) - Any matters held in this world will be asked and measured in the hereafter - Man should be more concern on every actions done by him in terms of resources, process, quality, validity etc so that it will always in line to the Shariah principles. “And those who are constant, seeking the pleasure of their Lord, and keep up prayer and spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them secretly and openly and repel evil with good; as for those, they shall have the (happy) issue of the abode” (Surah Ar-Rad, verse 22) Its human beings, always forgetful and careless; therefore, the bad habits should be replaced with good deeds
Khalifah Man act as a trustee to manage the wealth of the universe. Man is responsible to the harmonious and sustainable of an organization Human needs to have knowledge, skills and positive value in order to become a good khalifah