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© Boardworks Ltd of 18 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Textiles ICT in Textiles
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Learning objectives © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Learning objectives research presentation design manufacturing. To understand how ICT can be used, both in the classroom and in the textile industry, to aid:
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 ICT (Information Communication Technology) plays a major part in textiles technology and industry. Its uses can be broken down into three major parts. Research and presentation – many different programs can be used to collect data and present work. Design – there is a range of design tools that can be used to support your design ideas, such as graphics software and layout packages. Manufacturing – ICT can be used to make anything from badges to knitted garments. Introduction
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 The Internet is often the first place to look when researching textile products. Websites with details of trends, designers and manufacturers can be found by using search engines such as Google. The Internet Pictures can be downloaded to be included in mood boards or spider diagrams. is a quick and easy way of contacting manufacturers and designers to gain knowledge and feedback. Make sure you record the URLs of useful websites.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 You may want to write letters to designers or manufacturers as part of your research. Addresses can be inserted for each manufacturer and then printed out without having to reproduce them again and again. Mail merge is an excellent tool to use as it will insert names and addresses at the touch of a button. You could also use a word processor to produce a questionnaire to find out more about what your potential clients want. Word processing Word processors like Microsoft Word enable you to perform multiple tasks, allowing you to cut, paste, move and resize images and text, change font, add bullet points, etc.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Spreadsheets are extremely useful for collecting and displaying a range of data. You can sort data by particular headings, enabling you to order information after it has been inputted. It is possible to manipulate data into different categories, complete tasks including calculations and mail merges and look up data from other spreadsheets. You can also filter information to print out specified data. Spreadsheets This information shows whether manufacturers responded by sending samples.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 If you have completed a questionnaire in your coursework, graphs are a great way of presenting your findings. Which age range would like your product? Graphs
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 You can collect and record information quickly using a digital camera. Digital photographs of existing products, or of places or objects that have inspired you, can be used to illustrate your design ideas. Photo-editing software can be used to change the colourways and colour coordination of your product. This will give you a good idea of what your garment or textile item may look like in different colours without making up samples. Digital photographs
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Photos taken with a digital camera, or uploaded to a computer using a scanner, can be saved in a number of formats: JPEG files are compressed images and can easily be inserted into documents for sending via or saving onto discs. TIFF files have a very good resolution and can be used for computer presentation work and outputting transfer printed designs. PICT files have a good resolution and can also be used for presentations. Digital photograph formats
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Video conferencing allows designers, clients and manufacturers to talk to each other face to face. They are able to show each other ideas, share applications and even amend each other’s drawings on the other person’s computer. Communication is a quick and easy way of communicating with colleagues, clients and suppliers and can be a useful way of contacting manufacturers to gain knowledge and feedback. What advantages do you think video conferencing offers? Saves time Saves travel More friendly than telephone Can see what the other person is doing
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Computer aided design (CAD) and computer aided manufacture (CAM) play a major part in the textiles industry. They can speed up manufacturing processes and allow factories to be competitive with their product prices. While these systems can be expensive to install, maintain and update, a company will save a lot of money in the long run. CAD/CAM You can also use CAD and CAM to produce your design proposal and manufacture your product.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 CAD is used to create or modify designs. The final design can then be digitally printed, or the information sent directly to cutting machines. CAD CAD/CAM is used in mass and batch production to enable factories to run without interruption. Images are designed using CAD and then output again and again. The quality of the items improve because of the accuracy of the machinery. Here, pattern pieces are designed on the computer and then printed.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Computer-controlled machines are used to: CAM in industry print directly onto fabric, or transfer a design from paper to fabric using heat. This can be extremely useful when manufacturing includes hazardous and toxic processes, such as dyeing. load fabric onto the cutting machine and operate the cutting equipment. stitch the pieces of fabric together – automatic sewing machines include microprocessors to control the movement of pattern pieces, and sensors which stop the machine if anything goes wrong. CAM enables batch production to run smoothly as it does not take long to reset equipment as data is stored and saved.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 CAM in industry
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Transfer printing An image is produced using CAD (Computer Aided Design) and printed out onto the transfer paper. This image is then ironed face down onto the fabric. When it is cool you are able to remove the backing paper. There are many different papers on the market – some require reversing. CAM in the classroom
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Embroidery machine CAM in the classroom 2. The embroidery machine can be linked directly to a PC or designs can be transferred on a disk. 3. The image is then downloaded onto the machine’s memory and output onto the machine bed, creating a machined logo or image. 1. A design is copied using a scanner or created using CAD software.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Advantages and disadvantages of CAD/CAM
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Key points © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Key points ICT can be used in textiles to research and analyse competitor products and user requirements. Spreadsheets, graphs and word processors can be used to present your findings. CAD software can be used to create and modify your designs. CAM can be used to batch or mass produce products.
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© Boardworks Ltd of 21 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that.
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© Boardworks Ltd of 19 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that.
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