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Welcome to the class of HRM

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1 Welcome to the class of HRM

2 Prof. Hiteshwari Jadeja
Chapter 10 Prof. Hiteshwari Jadeja

3 The Orientation Process
Company Organization and Operations Safety Measures and Regulations Facilities Tour Employee Orientation Employee Benefit Information Personnel Policies Daily Routine

4 Purpose of Orientation
Feel Welcome and At Ease Begin the Socialization Process Understand the Organization Know What Is Expected in Work and Behavior Orientation Helps New Employees

5 What is training? “Training is the process by which an employee acquires the necessary knowledge and skills to perform the job.” “ Training is the act of increasing the knowledge and skills of an employee for doing a particular job.” - Edwin Flippo



8 Significance of employee training
Enlargement of skills and competency. Effective utilization of the existing human resources. Enhancement of customer satisfaction. Enhancing competitive advantage. Enrichment of team spirit. Ensuring personal growth. Enabling a learning culture…..

9 Significance of employee training (contd.)
Establishing a positive organizational climate. Encouraging better health and safety measures. Enduring organizational growth and development.


11 Corporate Click: LG Electronics
LG has made it mandatory for staff to do two modules a month with a test to be cleared. Every three months a summary is made and prizes are declared.

12 Training need assessment: Sources
The sources of assessing training needs are: Performance evaluation Job analysis/ Task Analysis Attitude survey Advisory panel Ability test score Feedback

13 Training need assessment: sources (contd.)
Advisory panel Ability Test Score Feedback Performance Evaluation Job Analysis Attitude Survey Training Need Assessment

14 Task Analysis Record Form

15 Scope of Training

16 Scope of Training Knowledge Skills Acquisition Attitude Formation
Ethical Values Analytical Reasoning Decision making & Problem Solving Skills.

17 Training at TATA Motors
Views as long term investment in its HR. Conducts rigorous programmes like in-house vocational training and apprenticeship. Organizes structured training programmes, rotational assignments and cross-functional mobility programmes to learn multiple tasks.

18 Steps in the training process

19 Steps in the training process
The steps in an employee training process are The determination of training needs. The determination of training objectives. The selection of training techniques, identifying the trainer. Implementing  the training programme. The evaluation of the training programme.

20 Methods of training

21 Training Methods (continued)
On-the-Job Training (OJT) Having a person learn a job by actually doing the job. Types of On-the-Job Training Apprenticeship training Job rotation Internship and assistantship Job instruction training Advantages Inexpensive Learn by doing Immediate feedback

22 Steps to Help Ensure OJT Success
On-the-Job Training Steps to Help Ensure OJT Success 1 2 Prepare the Learner 3 Present the Operation 4 Do a Tryout Follow Up

23 Corporate Click: GE GE believes in on-the-job training approach.
It trains customer services operator on the job. Each representative is able to handle about 100 calls a day.

24 Apprenticeship training
A structured process by which people become skilled workers through a combination of classroom instruction and on-the-job training. Apprentices Act, 1961: It was enacted by the Govt. of India. It regulates and controls training of apprentices.

25 Apprenticeship training

26 Job Rotation

27 Internship Programs

28 Off-the-job training methods
Off-the-job training methods include Programmed learning Simulation method Laboratory training Case study Lecture method Role-playing Video-conferencing(Audio visual based training) Computer-Based Training

29 Programmed Learning Advantages Reduced training time
Presenting questions, facts, or problems to the learner Allowing the person to respond Providing feedback on the accuracy of answers Advantages Reduced training time Self-paced learning Immediate feedback Reduced risk of error for learner

30 Simulation Method It is a technique that creates a situation which, as nearly as possible, replicates the real one.

31 Laboratory Training Its also called sensitivity training or T-group training. Organized for a small group of trainees normally not familiar with each other. Trainees meet personally to share their feelings, opinions, attitude, perceptions and values

32 OFF THE JOB TRAINING Class room training: It is to convey rules, policies, procedures. It is simple and efficient, have only minimum cost and time. The disadvantages are: One way communication, passive participation. Conferences, seminars , workshops: Discuss points of common interest for enriching knowledge and skill. This is a group activity. Group discussions/case study analysis: “ Case study is based on the belief that managerial competence can be best attained through the study, contemplation and discussion of concrete cases” (Bass). Experience is the best teacher is the principle used in this method. Vestibule Training: Employees are trained on the equipment they are employed, but the training is considered away from the work place. For training a machine shop operator necessary equipment required in an actual machine are duplicated. Simulation: Any training activity in which actual working environment is artificially created as near and realistic as possible.

33 Computer-Based Training (CBT)
Trainee uses interactive computer systems to increase the knowledge & skills. Advantages Reduced learning time Cost-effectiveness Instructional consistency Types of CBT Interactive multimedia training Virtual reality training

34 Corporate Click  In 2007, India’s top five IT companies—TCS, Infosys, Wipro, Satyam, and HCL had recruited around 120,000 new employees, most of them coming straight from Indian universities. Training provided to them, described as “Freshers’ Training”, is a major part of corporate strategy, with CEOs and many senior employees often deeply involved. 

35 Evaluation study designs
Time series design- In this, the process of evaluation starts even before the beginning of the actual training programme and it involves a series of measures before and after the training programme. Pre-Test–Post-Test control group design- In this method, the inter-period (before and after training) and the inter-group (between the experimental group and the control group not subjected to any training programme during the same period) comparisons of performance are done.

36 Evaluating Training: The TATA Business Support Services Model
Adopts Jim Kirkpatrick’s frameworks. It evaluates training efficiency by analyzing trainee feedback, evaluating performance scores, productivity levels, scores, knowledge and skills.

37 Levels of Training Evaluation
Questions being asked Measures Accidents Quality Productivity Turnover Morale Costs Profits Is the organisation or unit better because of the training? Result Performance Appraisal by superior, peer, client, subordinate Are trainees behaving differently on the job after training? Are they using the skills and knowledge they learnt in training? Behaviour Written tests Performance tests Graded simulations To what extent do trainees have greater knowledge or skill after the training programme than they did before? Learning Did the trainees like the programme, the trainers, the facilities? Do they think the course was useful? What improvement can they suggest? Questionnaires Reaction

38 Issues in training at micro level
The absence of corporate commitment. The risk of poaching. The unaffordable cost of training. The treatment of training as expenses by the accounting rules.

39 Issues in training at macro level
Lack of adequate support from the government. The absence of candidates with adequate skills. Lack of cooperation between university and industry in research programmes.

40 Conditions necessary for an effective training programme
Top-management support. A receptive mindset of trainees. A continuous process. Technological advances. The form and timing of training.

41 E-learning E-learning is generally related to the planned use of networked information and communications technology in learning.

42 Types of e-learning Online learning Web-based training
Technology-based training Computer-based training


44 What is Management Development?
Management development is a long-term process by which the managers’ conceptual knowledge and competencies are developed to make them more suitable for present and future responsibilities “Management Development is any attempt to improve managerial performance by imparting knowledge, changing attitute, or increasing skills” -Gary Dessler

45 Significance of management development
To help the managers understand and share the corporate philosophy, mission and values of the business. To ensure that the managers are aware of the latest and best managerial practices. To facilitate better leadership behaviour by improving the managers’ leadership styles. To help the managers in prioritizing and optimizing the resources of the firm. To assist the managers to build on their strengths and work on their weaknesses. To help the managers to cope with the rapidly changing environment.

46 Methods of management development

47 Leadership Development: An IBM Endeavour
IBM considers its 3C (capability, climate and culture) approach towards employees. IBM offers several programmes for developing professional capability and career prospects of its managers.

48 University based Program- Reliance Industries Ltd.
Combined “in-house home-grown programmes” and university based educational programmes. Developed MDP with IIM Bangalore for its high growth managers. Conducts MPRE with IIM Bangalore and Reliance Certified Engineering Courses with IIT Mumbai.

49 In-house Development Centre at Infosys
Infosys has established a training & development centre calld the “ global education centre (GEC) at Mysore in Karnataka.

50 A few statistics: GEC • A floor area of 9
A few statistics: GEC • A floor area of 9.6 lakh square ft as against the 2 lakh square feet of the Rashtrapati Bhawan • More than 13,500 fully air conditioned and wi fi enabled residential rooms, making it the single largest residential unit in the world, surpassing The Venetian at Macau • India’s biggest laundry with 175 individual washing machines • The largest investment in India of Rs1,600 crores on education in a single location, including Rs350 crores on this unit of the GEC • 50,000 students and professionals to be trained annually • World’s second largest synthetic tent structure to function as a food court to serve 2000 people simultaneously.

51 Management Succession Planning
Succession planning is actually a process through which an organization plans for and appoints top-level executives. An organization forms an environment for the employees to expand their skills in anticipation of future possibilities through succession planning.


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