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UNIT 1 TEST REVIEW GEOGRAPHY. WHERE IS GEORGIA ? GA is located in which hemisphere(s) ?

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 1 TEST REVIEW GEOGRAPHY. WHERE IS GEORGIA ? GA is located in which hemisphere(s) ?"— Presentation transcript:


2 WHERE IS GEORGIA ? GA is located in which hemisphere(s) ?

3 North & West

4 WHERE IS GEORGIA ? GA is located in which region of the US ?

5 Southeast

6 Georgia’s 5 regions Which one is the smallest, in the NW corner & sometimes called the TAG corner ?

7 Appalachian Plateau

8 Georgia’s 5 Regions This region is between the Appalachian Plateau & the Blue Ridge … containing both forests & pastures … industry & agriculture.

9 Ridge & Valley

10 Georgia’s 5 Regions This region is in the NE corner, contains the highest elevation, & is home to Springer Mt. (the beginning of the Appalachian Trail).

11 Blue Ridge

12 Georgia’s 5 Regions This region makes up about 1/3 of the state’s area, has a granite base w/ clay soil, & the state’s capital … it’s where WE live !

13 Piedmont

14 Georgia’s 5 Regions This region makes up about 60% of the land area, grows most of our crops, was underwater in prehistoric times & is home to the Okefenokee Swamp.

15 Coastal Plain

16 Georgia’s 5 Regions This region contains limestone, shale, dolomite, & sandstone… Lookout Mt. & Cloudland Canyon are here, as is the Chickamauga Chattanooga Military Park (the largest in the nation) site of the last southern victory in the Civil War.

17 Appalachian Plateau

18 Georgia’s 5 Regions This small region has higher areas of shale & sandstone, but lower areas of limestone & clay. This is home to apple farming near Ellijay & the carpet business around Dalton (w/ 1/3 of the planet’s carpet production, it’s called the “Carpet Capital of the World”).

19 Ridge & Valley

20 Georgia’s 5 Regions This region is home to Brasstown Bald (the tallest point in the state), receives more precipitation than all others, has soil of sandy loam & clay, suffers from erosion problems, & contains the alpine village of Helen (tourist attraction), Amicalola Falls (the tallest east of the Mississippi River), & Tallulah Gorge (the oldest natural chasm in North America).

21 Blue Ridge

22 Georgia’s 5 Regions This region holds ½ the state’s population, is the business cntr. of the state w/ the busiest airport in the world, contains St. Mt. (the largest piece of exposed granite in the world), is mostly rolling hills, & was historically home to cotton production … today = POULTRY !

23 Piedmont

24 Georgia’s 5 Regions This large southern region is famous for Vidalia “sweet” onions, ½ the nation’s pecan crop near Albany, the largest pulp paper mill in the world (in Savannah), & is known for tourism along the coast … as well as the multi million dollar shrimp business.

25 Coastal Plain


27 Georgia’s Physical Features This natural feature separates the Piedmont w/ the Coastal Plain & is characterized by a drop in elevation marked by many waterfalls.

28 Georgia’s Physical Features This flooded grassland (whose names translates to: “land of the trembling earth”) is the largest natural wetland in the country. It is a unique ecosystem protected by environmental laws & home to cyprus trees, wood storks, & alligators.

29 Okefenokee Swamp

30 Georgia’s Physical Features This elevated range (one of the oldest in the world) collects moisture out of weather patterns from the west, dropping it on north GA & posed a barrier to settlers trying to move west over land.

31 Appalachian Mts.

32 Georgia’s Physical Features This river (whose name translates to “river of painted rock”) is one of the most polluted in the nation, supplies much of the drinking water to GA, AL, & FL … & creates much of the GA/AL border.

33 Chattahoochee River

34 Georgia’s Physical Features This river (whose name translates to “blue waters”) helps supply nuclear power, helped early settlers explore the interior of the state & forms most of the GA/SC border.

35 Savannah River

36 Georgia’s Physical Features These natural features of Georgia’s coastline protect the mainland from Atlantic storms, such as hurricanes (& contributes to our economy due to the tourism industry).

37 Barrier Islands

38 TRUE or FALSE Georgia’s mild & humid climate first attracted farmers & in more recent times …businesses.



41 Which time period of cultural development was characterized by family groups of nomads hunting GIANT animals w/ jabbing spears.


43 NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURES Which time period exhibited the 1 st use of pottery & experimented w/ horticulture ?

44 Archaic

45 NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURES This period formed tribes of several hundred & invented the bow & arrow.

46 Woodland

47 NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURES This developmental period was the most advanced, grew MOST of their food (such as maize), & used tobacco for ceremonies.

48 Mississippian

49 NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURES This cultural period (from BC), hunted & gathered, moved seasonally, fished & ate shellfish, were the 1 st to bury their dead, & designed a grooved axe.

50 Archaic

51 NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURES This group lived from 1000 BC to about 7oo or 8oo AD, lived in permanent villages, created burial mounds & held religious ceremonies.

52 Woodland

53 NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURES This group became the most religious, were known as the “temple mound” builders, were ruled by a priest/chief, had cities of thousands surrounded by moats &/or palisades, but began a rapid decline around 1600.

54 Mississippian


56 Which European power came to the “New World” as fur trappers & traders, settled in the North & central areas, & had a relatively friendly relationship w/ the local American tribes ?

57 France

58 “FOREIGN INVADERS” !!! Which European empire came to the “New World” to colonize & as farmers, changed the landscape … ruining it for local tribes ?

59 England

60 “FOREIGN INVADERS” !!! Which European nation explored the “New World” searching for wealth & power ?

61 Spain

62 “FOREIGN INVADERS” !!! In 1540, who became the 1 st foreigner known to travel through what today is called GA ?

63 DeSoto

64 “FOREIGN INVADERS” !!! Give 3 reasons why one might say that Hernando DeSoto’s expedition was NOT a success...

65 1. He did NOT secure large amounts of gold. 2. He did not secure territory for his home country, as he made many enemies of local tribes (due to his brutality). 3. He died before completing his voyage. 4. Other reasons ?

66 “FOREIGN INVADERS” !!! Why were Spanish missions established in Guale ?

67 The Spanish wanted to convert local tribes to Catholicism so as to more easily dominate the native peoples.

68 “FOREIGN INVADERS” !!! Bonus: In general, what was the impact on the native people by Europeans ?

69 Most Europeans were cruel to the native people & used them for their benefit … The result of European contact caused the death of up to 80% of the population & virtually destroyed most of the Native American culture.

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