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Spices Caravel Prince Henry Bartolomeu Dias Vasco da Gama Line of Demarcation Treaty of Tordesillas Challenger to Portugal
Spices › Most important trade good from the East Italy Profited the most from trade with the East after the Crusades
Motives behind European exploration
Could sail effectively against the wind › Portugal Leader in developing and applying sailing innovations
“The Navigator” › Portuguese leader in overseas exploration Founded a navigation school
Bartolomeu Dias › Captained the first ship to sail around the tip of Africa AKA: Cape of Good Hope
Vasco da Gama › Gained Portugal a sea route between Portugal and India
Both made exploration claims › Line of Demarcation Established a boundary between new land each could claim › Treaty of Tordesillas Purpose Decrease conflict over claiming of new lands
Netherlands(Dutch) › Dominated Indian Ocean trade by 1700
Ming Dynasty Qing Dynasty
Ruled China at the end of the Mongol rule › Hongwu Son of peasants Founded the Ming Dynasty › Yonglo Attempted to expand China’s tribute system Sponsored voyages of exploration
Yonglo › Moved the Chinese capital to Beijing Built the Forbidden City
Zheng He › Led all seven exploration voyages
Foreign trade › Only conducted by the government
Founded in the mid 1600’s by the Manchus Rulers › Kangxi Reduced government spending Lowered taxes Supported intellectuals by offering government positions › Qian-long
Dutch › Accepted Chinese restictions Paid tribute to the emporer Gifts “kowtow” ritual
Manchus › Korea A vassal state
Daimyo Oda Nobunaga Tokugawa Ieyasu Tokugawa Ieyasu cont…. Christian Missionaries Japan
lords in a new kind of Japanese feudalism
rule ended the "warring states" period did not succeed in unifying Japan
1600 › Finally unified Japan Used the "alternate attendance policy" to control the daimyo
Founded the Tokugawa Shogunate › Military government
Successful › Upset Tokugawa Ieyasu Feared religious uprising
Japan remained closed to Europeans for more than 200 years.
Encounters in East Asia
An Age of Exploration and Isolation
Overview A desire to grow rich and spread Christianity, along with the development of new technology, began to push Europeans to explore foreign lands.
Europeans Explore the East. I. Gold, God, & Glory Before 1400s = Euros. (little outside contact) Motivating factors of exploration?
CHAPTER 19 AN AGE OF EXPLORATIONS & ISOLATION
Find new trade routes to get spices and other luxury goods Spread Christianity MONEY, MONEY, MONEY, MONEY.
Exploration & Absolutism
Outcome: China and Japan’s Reactions
China Rejects European Outreach. THE MING DYNASTY( ) By the time Portugal landed on China in 1514, China was the dominant power in the region.
Seeking spices and converts, European nations lead successful voyages of exploration to the East. China and Japan both limit foreign contact after a brief.
An Age of Explorations and Isolation. Europeans Explore the East Renaissance encouraged adventure and curiosity Exploration greatly changes the world.
Europeans Explore the East
Maritime Revolution. Maritime Expansion before 1450 ► Navigation difficult Ships had to be sturdy Required adequate propulsion Despite challenges,
An Age of Explorations and Isolation, 1400–1800
The First Global Age: Europe and Asia (1415–1796)
Section 1 “Europeans Explore the East”
China and Japan’s Reaction to Western Exploration
Europeans ChineseJapaneseRandom Question What were the three motives driving European exploration?
European Exploration The only route from Europe to China was over land Traveling over land was slow, harsh, and dangerous The usual route went through.
Age of Exploration.
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