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Discouraged from playing sport by being called lesbians Can’t play sports and be feminine Have to play second to the men’s teams in terms of resources.

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Presentation on theme: "Discouraged from playing sport by being called lesbians Can’t play sports and be feminine Have to play second to the men’s teams in terms of resources."— Presentation transcript:

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4 Discouraged from playing sport by being called lesbians Can’t play sports and be feminine Have to play second to the men’s teams in terms of resources and support Their race effects their opportunities to participate in sports

5 MALE -Game plan around star players -Naturally Aggressive -Harsher coaching style -Capable of higher level of athletics -Handle more strenuous activities -More physical -More competitive FEMALE -Team first strategy, high involvement -Coached to build self esteem -Coached as to not be inconsiderate -Pushed towards aesthetically pleasing sports -Gymnastics -Figure Skating -Synchronized Swimming GENDER ROLE VIOLATIONS -Lead to false accusations of players sexuality -Females seen as unattractive -More masculine -Values and social roles questioned SBR Forum (2)

6 Lesbian/Butch – “The term butch tends to denote a degree of masculinity displayed by a female-assigned individual beyond what would be considered typical of a tomboy”* – In place of physically fit and strong Masculine/Unattractive – Cannot both participate in sports and still maintain attractiveness by society’s standards – Masculine characteristics have a direct correlation to success – Traits seen as negative instead of hard earned achievements *Definition obtained from Wikipedia (6)

7 Due to these negative effects gender roles and stereotypes have on women and simply a lack of access, sports participation rates among girls are significantly lower than boys’ rates. The numbers are even more discouraging for high school sports, with girls receiving about 1.3 million less opportunities to play sports then boys. (4) Women Sports Foundation (4)

8 Title IX was designed to eliminate discrimination in participation in college sports based on sex However, participation and funding for women’s sports has still not caught up to men’s – Female athletes receive only 43% of available opportunities, even though they make up about 57% of the college population (5) – On average, collegiate women’s sports receive 45% of funding, while men’s sports receive 55% (5) – Average salaries for head coaches of women’s sports are about $930,000 less than men’s. (5) NCAA (5)

9 Benefits of participating in sports: – Promotes healthy behavior – Teaches life skills such as teamwork, leadership, discipline, etc. Without the opportunities to play sports, many young women are missing out on these benefits Studies show that girls involved in sports are – Less likely to have an unintended pregnancy. – Less likely to become involved with drugs – More likely to graduate than non-athletes

10 Girls in urban and rural communities have less participation opportunities Only 59 % of 3 rd -5 th grade girls who live in urban areas are involved in at least one organized sport, (80 % for boys) Women Sports Foundation (4)

11 Larger gender gap in participation exists in minorities as opposed to Caucasians Caused by reinforcing stereotypes and lack of opportunities Women Sports Foundation (4)

12 People who need the benefits sports have to offer the most are the underprivileged Girls from low-income families have the lowest sports participation at younger ages Women Sports Foundation (4)

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14 More participation inequity for girls: Urban and Rural Areas Minority race Low-income families Lack of participation at a young age Less likely to excel in sports More likely to drop out later on

15 Raise awareness of the gender inequity that still exists in sports – Emphasis on how and why certain groups are subject to more inequity than others

16 1. “Butch and Femme.” 2 Apr (Used for definition of butch) 2. “Family Guy WNBA Best Quality Links on Youtube.” Family Guy Best Quality Links on Youtube. 2 Apr From the "Muscle Moll" to the "Butch" Ballplayer: Mannishness, Lesbianism, and Homophobia in U.S. Women's Sport. Susan K. Cahn. Feminist Studies, Vol. 19, No. 2, Women's Bodies and the State (Summer, 1993), pp “Go Out and Play.” WomenSportsFoundation.org. Oct Women in Sports Foundation.. 5. Latest News. National Collegiate Athletic Association, Nov Web. 2 Apr Symons, Caroline. Come out to Play: The Sports Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender LGBT) People in Victoria. [Melbourne, Vic.]: Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living, Print. Wilde, Kristen. Women in Sport: Gender Stereotypes in the Past and Present.


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