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Quality Management Awards and Framework

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Presentation on theme: "Quality Management Awards and Framework"— Presentation transcript:

1 Quality Management Awards and Framework
Chapter 6 Prepared & customized by : Dr.Ali Zahrawi

2 Quality Management in IT
ISO 9000: 2000 Created by International Organization for Standardization (IOS) which was created in 1946 to standardize quality requirement within the European market. IOS initially composed of representatives from 91 countries: probably most wide base for quality standards. Adopted a series of written quality standards in 1987 (first revised in 1994, and more recently (and significantly) in 2000). Prefix “ISO” in the name refers to the scientific term “iso” for equal. Thus, certified organizations are assured to have quality equal to their peers. Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

3 Quality Management in IT
ISO 9000: 2000 Defines quality systems standards based on the premise that certain generic characteristics of management principles can be standardized. And that a well-designed, well-implemented and well managed quality system provides confidence that outputs will meet customer expectations and requirements. Standards are recognized by 100 countries including Japan and USA. Intended to apply to all types of businesses. (Recently, B2B firm became the first e-commerce company to get ISO certification.) Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

4 Quality Management in IT
ISO 9000: 2000 Created to meet five objectives: Achieve, maintain, and seek to continuously improve product quality in relation to the requirements. Improve the quality of operations to continually meet customers’ and stakeholders’ needs. Provide confidence to internal management that quality requirements are being met. Provide confidence to the customers that quality requirements are being met. Provide confidence that quality system requirements are fulfilled. Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

5 Quality Management in IT
ISO 9000: 2000 structure Consists of three documents ISO 9000 – Fundamentals and vocabulary. ISO 9001 – Requirements. Organized in four sections: Management Responsibility; Resource Management; Product Realization; and Measurement, Analysis and Improvement. ISO 9004 – Guidelines for performance improvements. Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

6 ISO 9000: 2000 Quality Management Principles
Quality Management in IT ISO 9000: 2000 Quality Management Principles Principle 1: Customer Focus Principle 2: Leadership Principle 3: Involvement of people Principle 4: Process approach Principle 5: Systems approach for management Principle 6: Continual improvement Principle 7: Factual approach to decision making Principle 8: Mutually beneficial supplier relationships. Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

7 Quality Management in IT
ISO 9000: 2000 registration Originally intended to be a two-party process where the supplier is audited by its customers, the ISO 9000 process became a third-party accreditation process. Independent laboratory or a certification agency conducts the audit. Recertification is required every three years. All costs are to be borne by the applicant. A registration audit may cost anywhere from $10,000 to $40,000. Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

8 Quality Management in IT
Six Sigma Business improvement approach that seeks to find and eliminate causes of defects and errors in processes by focusing on outputs that are critical to customers. The term Six Sigma is based on a statistical measure that equates 3.4 or fewer errors or defects per million opportunities. Motorola pioneered the concept of Six Sigma. The late Bill Smith, a reliability engineer is credited with conceiving the idea of Six Sigma. GE (specifically CEO Jack Welch) extensively promoted it. Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

9 Quality Management in IT
Six Sigma Core philosophy based on key concepts: Think in terms of key business processes and customer requirements with focus on strategic objectives. Focus on corporate sponsors responsible for championing projects. Emphasize quantifiable measures such as defects per million opportunities (dpmo). Ensure appropriate metrics is identified to maintain accountability. Provide extensive training. Create highly qualified process improvement experts -“belts”. Set stretch objectives for improvement. Each Six Sigma project carried out within an organization follows a defined sequence of steps and has quantified value targets, for example: reduce process cycle time, reduce pollution, reduce costs, increase customer satisfaction, and increase profits Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

10 Contrasts between traditional TQM and Six Sigma (SS) -
TQM is based largely on worker empowerment and teams SS is owned by business leader champions. TQM is process based SS projects are truly cross-functional TQM training is generally limited to simple improvements tools and concepts SS is more rigorous with advanced statistical methods. TQM has little emphasis on financial accountability SS requires verifiable return on investment and focus on bottom line. Chapter Quality Awards

11 Malcolm Baldrige award (MBNQA)
Quality Management in IT Malcolm Baldrige award (MBNQA) Initiated by the then-President Reagan after recognizing the declining productivity and quality standards in USA. Law passed in August 1987. Named after the then-Secretary-of-Commerce. Based on the Criteria for Performance Excellence. The criteria consists of a hierarchical set of categories and areas of address: leadership; strategic planning; customer focus, measurement, analysis and knowledge management; HR; process management. Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

12 Quality Management in IT
Deming prize Instituted in 1951 by the Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) to recognize and appreciate Deming’s achievements in SQC. Organizations tested on CWQC – CompanyWide Quality Control – system. No “losers” – Organizations failing to qualify this year automatically considered for the next three years. Winners also eligible for Japan Quality Medal. CWQC requires involvement of everyone in the company and their understanding of quality aims to accomplish business objectives. SQC: Statistical quality control. Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

13 Chapter 6 --- Quality Awards
ISO 14001 Structured, internationally recognized standard ISO 14001 “enables an organization to establish, and assess the effectiveness of, procedures to set an environmental policy and objectives, achieve conformance with them, and demonstrate such conformance to others. The overall aim … is to support environmental protection and prevention of pollution in balance with socioeconomic needs.” Chapter Quality Awards

14 Quality Management in IT
ISO 14001 Initiative to go beyond compliance Not command and control model Positive motivation Reach is much further than regulatory requirements Seeks culture shift Challenge Diffusion of environmental responsibility from environmental to all employees Continual improvement of the EMS An Environmental Management System (EMS) is a framework that helps a company achieve its environmental goals through consistent control of its operations Chapter Quality Awards Chapter Quality Awards

15 ISO 14001 EMS Model Continual Improvement Management review
Environmental policy Planning Checking and corrective action Implementation and operation Chapter Quality Awards

16 EMS Implementation Phases
DESCRIPTION Define Goals Clearly state why an EMS is being developed. To comply with regulations? To improve environmental performance? To prevent pollution? To reduce potential liability? Top Management Supp To gain top management support, management must understand the benefits of an EMS and agree with the goals. Support is necessary to obtain resources. Structure EMS project must have a leader, with authority and skills. Implementation Team Representatives from key areas to ensure ownership. Chapter Quality Awards

17 EMS Implementation Phases (contd..)
DESCRIPTION Preliminary Review What is current compliance effort? What portions of EMS are in place? What are key environmental aspects and how effectively are they being addressed. Budget and Schedule Use preliminary review to develop budget and schedule. Identify key activities to be performed and resources needed for these. Include milestones and periodic reviews Resource Approval Ensure top management authorizes allocation of all key resources Progress Involve everyone in sharing progress through communication. Chapter Quality Awards

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