Presentation on theme: "H OW S UCCESSFUL H AS T HE UN B EEN A S A P EACEKEEPING O RGANIZATION By: Ethan Yang, Jun Hao, Xiang Heng."— Presentation transcript:
H OW S UCCESSFUL H AS T HE UN B EEN A S A P EACEKEEPING O RGANIZATION By: Ethan Yang, Jun Hao, Xiang Heng
P ALESTINE (1947) Failure What was it about? -It was a dispute between Jews and Arabs -After investigation, UN decided to divide Palestine, leading to the creation of the Jewish state of Israel. Outcome -This was one of the most controversial decision made by the UN and it was rejected by the majority of Arabs. -This led to series of civil wars between Israel and various Arab states.
T HE K OREAN W AR (1950 – 53) South Korea was invaded by North Korea in June 1950 Security Council condemned North Korea They sent help to South Korea Managed to repel North Korea VERSUS
Overall, a great success for the UN However, it was only possible due to absence of the USSR Very much an American Operation
T HE S UEZ C RISIS (1956) British and French protested and sent troops when president of Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal This is so as British and French had some shares of the Suez Canal At the same time, Israelis invaded Egypt Security Council stepped in and asked British and French troops to withdraw
They agreed to withdraw if the UN ensured a reasonable settlement over the canal and kept the Arabs and Israelis from slaughtering each other Overall it was a great success
H UNGARIAN R ISING (1956) Occurred at the same time as the Suez Crisis Hungarians tried exerting independence from Russians Soviet entered Hungary to stop the revolt UN stepped in when Hungary asked for help Russian did not want to withdraw their troops They refused to co operate and no progress could be made UN failed as Russians simply ignored them therefore nothing could be done Unlike Britain and France who were willing to bow to international pressure FAILED
C ZECHOSLOVAK C RISIS (1968) Failure -This was almost a repeat of what happen in the Hungarian Rising -Czechs showed, what Moscow felt to be too independent -And thus, Russian and other WARSAW pact troops were sent to enforce obedience to the USSR -The security council tried to pass a motion condemning this action, but Russian vetoed it -And there was nothing the UN could do, with Russians not cooperating
T HE I RAN – I RAQ W AR (1980 – 88) Long drawn war between Iran and Iraq After years of meditating, UN finally managed to negotiate a cease fire Success, however it could be due to the fact that both sides were close to exhaustion
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