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Urban Adaptation & Sustainability The Firs Botanical Grounds October 20 2010 CLIMATE SCIENCE & URBAN DESIGN ESRC RES 062 23 2134 Michael Hebbert (SED),

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Presentation on theme: "Urban Adaptation & Sustainability The Firs Botanical Grounds October 20 2010 CLIMATE SCIENCE & URBAN DESIGN ESRC RES 062 23 2134 Michael Hebbert (SED),"— Presentation transcript:

1 Urban Adaptation & Sustainability The Firs Botanical Grounds October CLIMATE SCIENCE & URBAN DESIGN ESRC RES Michael Hebbert (SED), Vladimir Jankovic (CHSTM) Fionn MacKillop (SED)

2 Introductory city planning and climate adaptation a new agenda with long historical precedents

3 Introductory Feng Shue site selection in classical China

4 emergence of urban climatology Luke Howard (1812) Albert Kratzer (1937) Tim Oke (1976) Introductory

5 layers of the urban climate urban heat island urban boundary layer urban canopy layer Introductory

6 layers of urban design spatial strategy green infrastructure neighborhood design built/unbuilt pattern + density street & public realm design zoning & building codes Introductory

7 urban design shapes climate ! Q1: are designers aware ? Q2: do they act on it ? Introductory

8 Twenty month project in three parts 1historical 2comparative 3applied Introductory

9 Longitudinal studies of knowledge transfer from climatology to policy Three global networks: IFHP WMO ISB Historical

10 International Federation of Housing and Planning (IFHP) founded 1913 based in The Hague Historical

11 October 1959 IFHP + CIB + ISB launch International Study Group for Urban and Building Climatology international symposia: Vienna (1965 and 1970), Stockholm (1972), Zurich (1974), Vienna (1976) etc etc... Yokohama (2009) Dublin (2012) Historical

12 1978: IFHP questionnaire sent to European HE institutions ; 36% response rate – 90% negative 1980: IFHP booklet, Fundamental knowledge in urban and building climatology - unsolicited mail-out to 1,500 recipients detail: 40 entries on topic of rain, 70 on topic of wind etc. Historical

13 IFHP (1980)

14 World Meteorological Organisation founded 1950 based in Geneva Historical

15 1951: creation of Commission for Climatology (CCl) 1971: CCl becomes Committee for Special Applications of Meteorology and Climatology (CoSAMC) - chair Helmut Landsberg 1976: publication of Urban Climatology and its Relevance to Urban Design Historical

16 Chandler (1976) Historical

17 1983 CoSAMC wound up 1985 WMO reviews its failure to promote role of climatology in built environment Urban dimension remains absent throughout WMO climate change initiatives prior to IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (2014) Historical

18 International Society for Biometeorology Founded Paris, 1956, by Solco S. Tromp (NL) and Frederick Sargent II (US) interdisciplinary learned society, wide range - vetinerary, medical, botanical, zoological, architectural, engineering etc Historical

19 1960 Urban and architectural working group ISB collaborations with WMO, WHO, IFHP and CIB, development of comfort and well-being measures Historical

20 1988 Study Group on Urban Climate Tim Oke (UBC) chair Sue Grimmond (Indiana) secretary 2000 breakaway group: International Association for Urban Climate - a virtual global network Historical

21 four cities: Stuttgart New York Tokyo Manchester Comparative

22 a municipal climatologist since 1936 observation networks, models, climate maps integration of climatological data to every scale of design Comparative - Stuttgart

23 established precedents - Stuttgart

24 a Comparative - New York

25 a Comparative - Tokyo

26 a Comparative - Manchester

27 Climate Science and Urban Design a historical and comparative study ESRC Grant Res


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