Presentation on theme: "What do you think these words mean?"— Presentation transcript:
1What do you think these words mean? CalentamientoWhat do you think these words mean?ExcelenteGenerosoElefantePersonaFamiliaDiferenteInstrucciones
2What is a COGNATE? nouns: profesor/ professor diccionario/dictionary Examples: words that are cognates words that are NOTin Spanish and English cognatesnouns:profesor/ professordiccionario/dictionaryfamilia/familyadjectives:atlético/athleticcurioso/curiousverbs:adorar/ to adoreadmirar/ to admireperro/ doghermano/ brotheramigo/ friendbonita/prettyatrevido/ mischievoushablar/ to speakir/ to go
3Definition: Cognate n. a word related to a word in another language [Latin co (same)+ gnatus (born)]Examples of Cognatesbetween Spanish and French:ami/ amigo (friend)sympathique/ simpático (nice)chanter/cantar (to sing)
5So WHY are there so many cognates between Spanish and English?
6Un poco de historia 5th century AD: 3 Germanic Tribes invade Britain Celtic speakers are pushed west and north into modern Ireland and ScotlandThe ancestor of modern English begins to form in Britain6
7Meanwhile, in France and Spain… The Romans, speaking Latin, defeated Hannibal and conquered what is now modern Spain. Latin mixed with the language of Hispania and became known as Spanish.7
8Meanwhile, in France and Spain… The Romans, speaking Latin, defeated Hannibal and conquered what is now modern Spain. Latin mixed with the language of Hispania and became known as Spanish.Julius Caesar led and army north into Gaul (modern France) and instituted Latin as the major language. Latin mixed with Gaulish and later became known as French.In 1066 William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy, invaded and conquered England. With him, he brought the French language.English adopted many French words. These French words came from Latin and therefore share the same roots as Spanish.8
9Un juego de adivinanza (a little guessing game) Guess what the following Spanish words mean:pan =experiencia=soportar=actualmente=ambicioso=carpeta=demostrar=éxito =recordar =vaso =preparar=pie=advertencia=
11examples of amigos falsos… pan = BREADexperiencia= experiencesoportar= TO PUT UP WITHactualmente= CURRENTLYambicioso- ambitiouscarpeta= FOLDERdemostrar= to demonstrateéxito = SUCCESSrecordar = TO REMEMBERvaso = GLASS/CUPpreparar= to preparepie= FOOTadvertencia= WARNING
12Definition: Amigos Falsos (false friends) n. words that look like words in another language, butdo not have the same meaning.n. words that sound the same as words in anotherlanguage, but do not have the same meaning
13Lucky for us… much less common! There are thousands of cognates between Spanish and Englishandamigos falsosaremuch lesscommon!