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Heriot Watt April 2010 Engagement and benefits Alice Frost Head of Business and Community Policy.

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Presentation on theme: "Heriot Watt April 2010 Engagement and benefits Alice Frost Head of Business and Community Policy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Heriot Watt April 2010 Engagement and benefits Alice Frost Head of Business and Community Policy

2 Development of third stream funding Mission and integration Benefits and academics REF – and Employer Engagement Innovation in the future International collaboration and comparisons

3 Third stream development

4 Third stream – a definition ‘trend among many universities toward a third function, which has been described using a range of terms such as knowledge transfer, community service, community engagement and the third stream.’ –‘Third Stream is about the interactions between universities and the rest of society.’ (SPRU, 2002)’

5 Transition from TT to KT to KE to Beneficial Engagement? Where we have come from… Where we are going to… STEM focusAll disciplines Simple ‘transmission’ model of knowledgeDynamic exchange model (engagement, not outreach) Wealth creationInnovation, productivity, quality of life, cultural enrichment, civic dev, community regeneration etc. Large, multi-national businessesSpectrum from global to local/ regional and all users

6 A word on language “There are a great variety of interrelated definitions within the literature on Higher Education knowledge exchange, for knowledge exchange itself, for civic and community impacts, and for the related concepts of ‘public engagement’, ‘community engagement’ and ‘widening participation’. It is therefore unsurprising that HEIs have developed individual, although often mutually informed, definitions of these concepts when determining their role within society, in response to a growing recognition of the opportunities presented by their interaction with society on a civic and community level.” PACEC/CBR ‘Knowledge Exchange – generating civic and community impacts’ April 2010

7 HEFCE Third stream timeline 1999 – HEFCE innovation of ‘third leg’: gains DfES and DTI support 2000 – 1 st round of HEFCE funding (HEROBC) and introduction of metrics (HE-BCI survey) 2006 – achieve HEFCE’s original goal of formula/metrics funding 2008 – all funding by formula, embedding in HEIs

8 Historical funding view 99000102030405060708091011 HEROBC 1 HEROBC 2 HEIF 1HEIF 2 HEACF1HEACF2 KTCF HEIF 3 HEIF 4 HEIF 3 Competitive applicationFormula allocation BUSINESS FELLOWS

9 Glossary of terms Main programme: –HEROBC – HE Reach Out to Business and the Community; initial HEFCE programme (inclusive but small scale) –HEIF – HE Innovation Fund; developed out of HEROBC working with Science Budget funders; larger scale but narrower focus to start Smaller initiatives rolled into HEIF 3: –HEACF – HE Active Community Fund; Home Office funding for voluntering –Business Fellows –KTCF – Knowledge Transfer Capability Fund: exploratory of T intensive HEIs responsibilities

10 Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF )

11 Pattern of sustained growth in major forms of knowledge exchange (HEBCI survey) Source: HE-BCI 2003-2007 Part B Tables 1b, 2, 3 and 4c

12 PACEC 12 All HEIs Cumulative KE Income 2001-2007 (£M)10,279 Gross additionality (%) Upper estimate41 Lower estimate28 Gross additional cumulative KE income 2001-2007 (£M) Upper estimate4,229 Lower estimate2,877 Subjective estimates of gross additionality Views of senior academics on gross additionality Many KE activities would not have taken place and many collaborative networks would not have developed Would have focused more on short term income generation Scale of KE activities would have been reduced Speeded up the introduction and / or expansion of KE infrastructure / activities Crucial for developing KE infrastructure without which it would have been hard to engage Allowed HEIs to leverage other sources of funding Achieved greater integration of KE services Sources: Quotec (2007), PACEC/CBR case studies, PACEC/CBR analysis Evidence of gross additionality

13 Mission and integration

14 HEIF 4 overview - mission integration Number of HEIs Percent of total respondents Clearly integrated10079 Loose integration2621 No integration00 Number of respondents126 PACEC overview 08

15 “Our Enterprise Strategy has transitioned from being a third leg of our institutional strategy (the other two being Research and Teaching and Learning) to being an underpinning philosophy by which we deliver those core activities.” University of Reading

16 Drivers Dedicated funding programme Positive & pro-active & sustained campaign by Government Leadership provided by a dynamic and supportive vice-chancellor Growing financial constraints facing HEIs – income as a means of greater financial security and a way of decreasing their reliance on public funding

17 Benefits and academics

18 HEIF 4 Overview: Outcomes assessment Number of HEIs Percent of total respondents Evaluates outcomes4134 Evaluates only inputs and outputs 3328 Yes but with little supporting evidence 1412 No or little evidence on evaluation 3227 Number of respondents120 PACEC overview 08

19 Universities: ‘wish to become, and to be recognised as, active, approachable and considerate partners in community life’ ‘it is apparent that many HEIs do not often have a clear channel through which smaller and hard-to-reach community and society groups can contribute to the public engagement debate [and], to institutions’ understanding of its own position within the community’ PACEC/CBR ‘Knowledge Exchange – generating civic and community impacts’ April 2010

20 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR CIRCULATION PACEC Changing perceptions of knowledge exchange engagement in the HE sector Number of respondents: 757 Q18: How are interactions of external organisations with academic staff across the university viewed by the academic staff in your department, and how were they viewed in 2001? Sources: PACEC/CBR survey of academics More academics perceive a positive culture towards knowledge exchange engagement in 2008 compared with 2001. New positive Consistently positive New neutral Consistently neutral New negative Consistently negative % Academics 2008 % 76 20 4 Source of change 15% from neutral 2% from negative 3% from negative 1% from positive 1% from neutral

21 Nature of impacts of knowledge exchange on research by type of HEI (% of respondents) PACEC/CBR analysis

22 Impact of knowledge exchange activities on teaching, by HEI type (% academic respondents) PACEC/CBR analysis

23 The REF framework Outputs (60%)Impact (25%)Environment (15%) Case studies and narrative statement, supported by indicators Expert review of selected outputs (informed by citation information in appropriate UOAs) Narrative supported by indicators Quality of all types of researchEconomic, social, cultural and quality of life benefits Quality and sustainability of the research environment

24 [Chreng] ‘predicts more French students will seek a British higher education as word spreads about the opportunities, especially the links between universities and industry and the chance to do summer internships.’ French students invade UK universities to get better deal Sunday Times 14 March 2010

25 Innovation for the future

26 Corporatist v cottage industries models

27 Building capacity and capability within the HEI Internal courses Informal networks KE Champions AcademicsKE staff Internal / external coursesBest practice networks RecruitmentWorkshops / seminars Leadership, Strategy and Institutional Structures Leadership and governance StrategyInstitutional culture Incentives and rewards Organisational systems Facilitating the research exploitation process Access points for external orgs Business development Technology transfer Consultancy advice Dedicated IP / contracts Corporate Relations Faculty-based KE services Demand-led research institutes Investment funds (e.g. seed / PoC) Skills and human capital development CPD Lifelong learning Careers services Work placements / project experience Industrial advisory groups Exploiting the physical assets of the HEI Science parks Incubators Facilities / equipment Supporting the community Outreach Volunteering Widening participation Awareness raising / knowledge diffusion Social cohesion / community regeneration Knowledge sharing / diffusion Provision of public space Alumni networks Academic – external organisation networks KE professional networks Staff exchanges Academic Academic knowledge Economic and societal benefits

28 HEIF 4 AMS Public Policy: uses of HEIF Pump-priming ‘public spaces’, think-tanks, commissions Securing external investments for centres for public policy research and engagement Seed funding policy relevant studies, new publications and outlets, events management Support for academics or KE staff in public policy representative or network roles Training and development for academic staff for public policy engagement New KEO hubs/posts for public policy Support for transfers and secondments Data collection, measurement and mapping

29 ‘Much LSE research provides evidential and theoretical inputs to policy… The employment of a newly established Volunteer Coordinator has been a great asset to the Careers Service and of great benefit to students. By developing contact and resources for students in the international development sector through initiatives such as "Development Month", this post increases LSE visibility within the public policy arena.’ LSE HEIF 4 AMS

30 ‘[observors] ‘have described the modern university as the central institution in postmodern society’ (Mary Walshok,1995) ‘ University professors are the largest community of experts in any society’ (Global University Network, 1999 UNESCO)

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