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Medical Informatics Assignment II I.T. in General Practice The Castle Surgery, Carrickfergus Leah Spence, Philip Anderson.

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Presentation on theme: "Medical Informatics Assignment II I.T. in General Practice The Castle Surgery, Carrickfergus Leah Spence, Philip Anderson."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medical Informatics Assignment II I.T. in General Practice The Castle Surgery, Carrickfergus Leah Spence, Philip Anderson

2 Outline Brief overview of the surgery An Introduction to the software Features of the System: Advantages & Disadvantages of: –Appointments –Prescriptions –Communications –Patient Notes –Future Developments

3 The Castle Surgery 10 Doctors, 4 nurses, 2 HCA’s, 13 receptionists 15,000 Patients 25 computers EMIS system installed 1999 Entirely paperless by 2001 Not subsidised by NHS

4 EMIS an Introduction “Egton Medical Information Systems” Invented in Leeds, 1982 “Written by Doctors for Doctors” A multifunctional computer program devised to:- –Assist GPs during and after consultations –Ease the job of the Receptionist –Provide the best possible service to Patients

5 Key features of EMIS Primary Care System Complete patient Management Intelligent Prescribing Definitive Medical Records Formulary Management Integrated Consultation Mods Integrated Appointments Advanced Decision Support Integrated with Microsoft Word User Defined templates EMIS Drug Explorer


7 General System Regular System online Upgrades Integrated with Microsoft Word System wide audits


9 Appointments - Advantages Made in person or over the phone Patients can check-in at reception or using the self check-in The doctor’s computer notifies them that a patient is waiting JX board calls the patient when the doctor is ready Any changes to appointments are made immediately on the doctor’s computer, e.g. cancellations

10 Appointments - Disadvantages Difficultiy for visually impared patients in seeing the JX board Reluctance in using self check-in


12 Prescriptions Prescription items are split into two categories: Acute and Repeat Repeat items can be printed by reception staff, acute items have to be printed by doctor

13 Prescriptions - Advantages Formulary and Full List of Drugs easilly accessible Repeat prescriptions easily printed by both doctor and receptionist Reduces manual errors e.g. illegible handwriting Automated warnings –Allergy warnings –Review reminders Last date of issue shown –Flags up potential drug overuse

14 Prescriptions - Disadvantages Relies on drug information being up to date Aptitude of the staff using software –E.g. ordering appropriate quantities Discretion required in dealing with automated warnings


16 Communications - Advantages Electronic transfer of Lab results between hospital and practice –Doctor can act on these results, and get reception staff to contact the patient if required –Normal ranges indicated with lab results Internal messaging between reception staff and doctors –So as not to disturb doctor during surgery –Abusive Patient Warning

17 Communications - Disadvantages No mechanism for dealing with lab results which appear normal, but need to be acted upon. Staff have to check for new messages regularly Hospital still use paper for referral letters –Laborious to scan in, and store in correct location with the patient’s paper notes Issues regarding data security and confidentiality

18 Clinical Decision Support - Mentor Library Clinical Handbook Travel Advice Consise Oxford Textbook of Medicine DeRmis Drug Info Leaflets Patient Info Leaflets DVLA and Drug Misuse guidelines PRODIGY

19 Security Daily backups, every night upto tape 2 copies –Fireproof safe –Location outside of practice

20 Security - Advantages All staff have their own user ID and password Computer locks itself when left unattended Firewall and anti-virus software on all computers Audit Trail Sensitive material can only be viewed by appropriate personnel

21 Security - Disadvantages Password has to be changed after 60 log ins Can only view one patient’s record at a time Locum doctors have to use another member of staff’s account Human error –Forgetting passwords –Leaving computer on

22 Patient Records - Advantages Full record of each patient’s past medical history, current drugs, Hospital admission Record can be viewed onscreen when the patient enters the surgery Ease of searching Easy access Hospital letters scanned in and attached to patient’s noted Summary sheets can be printed out prior to a home visit

23 Patient Records - Disadvantages Time required to put all relevant information onto the system Admission of a new patient takes a long time, there is no straightforward transfer of patient’s notes to the computer Data input potentially slower Possible system failure Problems with patient contact

24 New GP Contract READ Codes –Provide a universal way of categorising conditions, treatments and actions –Not used by hospital System flashes up outstanding checkups for a patient. e.g. diabetic monitoring

25 Future enhancements Online prescription ordering Online appointment booking Referral letters by e-mail NHS Net IT training for doctors



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