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T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Trends in Food Production, Availability and Food Balance in India and World Dr.T.Balaguru Head – ARSMP Division National Academy.

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Presentation on theme: "T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Trends in Food Production, Availability and Food Balance in India and World Dr.T.Balaguru Head – ARSMP Division National Academy."— Presentation transcript:

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2 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Trends in Food Production, Availability and Food Balance in India and World Dr.T.Balaguru Head – ARSMP Division National Academy of Agricultural Research Management Rajendranagar, Hyderabad - 30 January 24, 2007

3 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Agricultural Resources Food Production Food Availability Food Security Food Needs Food Consumption Food Balance Presentation Sequence

4 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Agricultural Population (millions) CountryNumber* India441 (64) 493 (58) 546 (54) 557 (52) 560 (52) World2219 (50) 2442 (46) 2573 (42) 2595 (41) 2600 (41) * Figures in parentheses indicate % of total population

5 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Economically Active Population in Agriculture CountryShare in Total Economically Active Population (%) India World

6 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Land Use (m.ha) Country Land Area Arable Land Permanent Crops India World

7 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Water Use (%) [2000] SectorCountry India World Agriculture Industry Domestic

8 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Irrigated Land (m.ha) CountryArea Irrigated * India 39 (23) 47 (28) 56 (33) 56 (33) 56 (33) World 210 (15) 244 (16) 275 (18) 277 (18) 277 (18) * Figures in parentheses indicate % share in arable land and permanent crops

9 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 CountryTotal Consumption* Macronutrients* (2002) N P K India 6 (5.1) 12 (8.6) 17 (12.6) 17 (12.3) 16 (11.4) 10 (11.8) 4 (12.1) 2 (8.7) World Fertilizer Consumption (m.t) * Figures in parentheses indicate % of world consumption

10 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Agricultural Machineries (Number/1000 ha) CountryTractors & Harvesters - Threshers India World

11 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Animal Population (millions) CountryCattle & Buffaloes* India253 (18.9) 283 (19.6) 286 (19.3) 284 (18.7) 283 (18.6) World * Figures in parentheses indicate % of world total

12 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Animal Population (millions) Country Sheep & Goat* India132 (8.5) 162 (9.1) 181 (10.2) 182 (10.0) 183 (9.9) World * Figures in parentheses indicate % of world total

13 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Rainbow of Agricultural Revolutions Green Revolution : Food Crops Yellow Revolution : Oilseeds White Revolution : Dairy Blue Revolution : Fish Golden Revolution : Fruits & Vegetables Gene Revolution : Biotechnology Agri-Export Revolution

14 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Country India*138 (8.8) 196 (10.3) 238 (11.4) 233 (11.2) 232 (10.2) World Food Production Production of Cereals (m.t) * Figures in parentheses indicate % share in the world

15 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Indias Share in World Production – Cereals

16 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Country India*56.5 (9.0) 76.1 (9.4) (9.7) (9.4) (9.2) World Production of Fruits & Vegetables (m.t) * Figures in parentheses indicate % share in the world

17 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Country India*2.62 (1.92) 3.88 (2.16) 5.27 (2.25) 5.94 (2.34) 6.03 (2.32) World Production of Meat (m.t) *Figures in parentheses indicate % share in the world

18 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 CommodityWorldIndia Quantity % Share in World Cereals Pulses Oilseeds (oil equivalent) Fruits & Vegetables Roots & Tubers Sugar Crops Stimulants Production of Major Food Commodities (m.t) [2004]

19 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 CommodityWorldIndia Quantity % Share in World Milk Meat Eggs Fish Production of Major Food Commodities (m.t) [2004]

20 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Indias Ranking in the World Production India is 1 st in: Beans Chick Peas Lentils Millets Pigeon Peas Pulses Banana Mangoes Okra Peas Castor beans Tea Sesame Seed Buffalo Milk Goat Milk Buffalo Meat India is 2 nd in: Rice Wheat Cabbage Cauliflower Egg Plant Garlic Lemons & Limes Onions Pumpkins Cashew Nut Groundnut Sugarcane Cow Milk Goat Meat

21 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Status of Productivity in Food Grains ( ) Cereals Indias Ranking Rice63 Wheat48 Sorghum77 Maize90 Pulses Indias Ranking Peas, Dry 57 Pigeon Peas 13 Chick Peas 29 Beans, Dry 110 Groundnut in Shell 72 Soybeans 68

22 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Status of Productivity in Livestock Products ( ) Meat Products Indias Ranking Buffalo Meat 16 Chicken Meat 134 Duck Meat 48 Goat Meat 141 Pig meat 168 Milk Products Indias Ranking Buffalo Milk 2 Cow Milk, Whole Fresh 113 Goat Milk 33 Others Hen Eggs 55 Honey 15

23 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Group Cereals & Products Pulses & Products Oil Crops (excluding products) Vegetable Oils & Products Fruits & Products Vegetables & Products Starchy Roots & Products Tree Nuts & Products Per Capita Food Production in India (kg/person/year)

24 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Group Sugars & Sweeteners Beverage Crops Spices Milk & Products Animal Fats & Products Meat & Products Eggs & Products Fish, Seafood & Products Per Capita Food Production in India (Contd…) (kg/person/year)

25 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Country India World Per Capita Agricultural Production Index ( : 100.0)

26 T.Balaguru (NAARM) Share of India in World Food Production (%)

27 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 World Population 1 Billion 2 Billion 3 Billion 4 Billion 5 Billion 6 Billion Years 33 Years 14 Years 13 Years 12 Years Population Growth : 78 Million / Year

28 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Total Population (millions) CountryNumber India689 (15.5) 846 (16.1) 1017 (16.8) 1066 (16.9) 1081 (17.0) World

29 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Minimum Dietary Energy Requirements (kcal/person/day) Food Security: Food Needs in India

30 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Country India World Dietary Energy Consumption (kcal/person/day)

31 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Country India World Dietary Protein Consumption (g/person/day)

32 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Country India World Dietary Fat Consumption (g/person/day)

33 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Per Capita Daily Consumption India

34 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 World Per Capita Daily Consumption

35 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Group Cereals & Products Pulses & Products Oil Crops (excluding products) Vegetable Oils & Products Fruits & Products Vegetables & Products Starchy Roots & Products Sugars & Sweeteners Food Consumption in India ( g/person/day )

36 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Group Tree Nuts & Products Beverage Crops Spices Milk & Products Animal Fats & Products Meat & Products Eggs & Products Fish, Seafood & Products Food Consumption in India (Contd…) (g/person/day)

37 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 CountryMacronutrientsShare in Total Dietary Energy Consumption (%) India Carbohydrates Proteins Fats World Carbohydrates Proteins Fats Dietary Composition

38 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Consumption Pattern: Main Food Crops (India) Food Group Share of Dietary Components to Total Energy Consumption (%) Cereals & Products Pulses & Products Vegetable Oil & Products Fruits & Products Sugars & Sweeteners Milk & Products Animal Fats & Products

39 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Consumption Pattern: Main Food Crops (India) Food Group Share of Dietary Components to Total Protein Consumption (%) Cereals & Products Pulses & Products Vegetable Oil & Products Milk & Products Meat & Products Fish, Seafood & Products

40 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Consumption Pattern: Main Food Crops (India) Food Group Share of Dietary Components to Total Fat Consumption (%) Cereals & Products Oil Crops (excluding products) Vegetable Oil & Products Milk & Products Animal Fat & Products

41 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food ItemPer Capita Daily Calorie Intake (kcal/person/day) India World Rice Wheat Maize Sorghum Potatoes Cassava Sugar Soybean Oil Palm Oil Rapeseed & Mustard Oil Consumption of Major Vegetable Foods [ ]

42 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food ItemPer Capita Daily Calorie Intake (kcal/person/day) India World Milk (whole) Milk (skimmed) Animal Fat (raw & butter) Cheese Eggs Pig Meat Poultry Meat Bovine Meat Sheep & Goats Meat Consumption of Major Animal Foods [ ]

43 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Group India World Cereals Pulses Vegetable Oils Fruits & Vegetables Roots & Tubers Sugars & Sweeteners Milk, Egg & Fish Meat Animal Fats Others Share of Dietary Components in Total Energy Consumption (%):

44 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Source of Dietary Energy Consumption (%) [2001 – 03]

45 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Source of Dietary Energy Consumption (%) [2001 – 03]

46 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Diet Diversification Index: India Macronutrients Contribution of Non-Starchy Foods to Total Dietary Consumption (%) Energy Protein Fats

47 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Diet Diversification Index: India (Contd…) Macronutrients Contribution of Animal Products to Total Dietary Consumption (%) Energy Protein Fats

48 T.Balaguru (NAARM) to FPP F P to FPP F P to FPP F P to FPP F P Food Consumption & Population Growth: India Average Annual Rate of Change (%) FPP : Food Per Person (Energy Consumption) F : Food (Energy Consumption to Total Population) P : Population

49 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Consumption Expenditure: India [Share of Food Consumption to Total Consumption(%)] PopulationBefore Rural Urban National

50 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Prevalence of Undernourishment Country Undernourished Population (millions) India World (27.7) (25.1) (24.2) (24.8) (24.5) Figures in parentheses indicate % of World total

51 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Prevalence of Undernourishment (Contd…) CountryProportion to Total Population (%) India World

52 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Life Expectancy at Birth (Years) Country India World

53 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Child Mortality Rate (per 1000 live births) Country India World

54 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Balance: Cereals ( ) [Quantity (m.t)] Country Production ( + ) Exports ( - ) Imports ( + ) Stock Changes ( - ) Consumption (=) India World (1.14) (1.99) 7.94 (0.05) (0.31) (0.31) (0.09) (0.99) Figures in parentheses indicate ratio to consumption

55 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Balance: Vegetable Oils ( ) [Quantity (m.t)] Country Production ( + ) Exports ( - ) Imports ( + ) Stock Changes ( - ) Consumption (=) India World 6.27 (0.61) (1.46) 0.26 (0.03) (0.69) 5.09 (0.50) (0.66) 0.85 (0.08) (0.43) Figures in parentheses indicate ratio to consumption

56 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Balance: Sugars & Sweeteners ( ) [Quantity (m.t)] Country Production ( + ) Exports ( - ) Imports ( + ) Stock Changes ( - ) Consumption (=) India World (1.12) (1.12) 1.57 (0.06) (0.33) 0.07 (-) (0.31) 1.47 (0.06) (0.10) Figures in parentheses indicate ratio to consumption

57 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Balance: Roots & Tubers ( ) [Quantity (m.t)] Country Production ( + ) Exports ( - ) Imports ( + ) Stock Changes ( - ) Consumption (=) India World (1.27) (1.73) 0.06 ( - ) (0.09) 0.02 ( - ) (0.10) 6.60 (0.27) (0.74) Figures in parentheses indicate ratio to consumption

58 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Balance: Milk (Excluding Butter) ( ) [Quantity (m.t)] Country Production ( + ) Exports ( - ) Imports ( + ) Stock Changes ( - ) Consumption (=) India World (1.26) (1.22) 0.31 ( - ) (0.16) 0.04 ( - ) (0.15) (0.26) (0.21) Figures in parentheses indicate ratio to consumption

59 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Food Balance: Meat ( ) [Quantity (m.t)] Country Production ( + ) Exports ( - ) Imports ( + ) Stock Changes ( - ) Consumption (=) India World 5.72 (1.06) (1.01) 0.31 (0.06) (0.11) (0.11) (0.01) Figures in parentheses indicate ratio to consumption

60 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007


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