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1 Distance Learning in the Nigerian context Dr. Suleiman Ramon-Yusuf PhD. Director, Department of Open & Distance Education National Universities Commission.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Distance Learning in the Nigerian context Dr. Suleiman Ramon-Yusuf PhD. Director, Department of Open & Distance Education National Universities Commission."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Distance Learning in the Nigerian context Dr. Suleiman Ramon-Yusuf PhD. Director, Department of Open & Distance Education National Universities Commission Abuja Nigeria sbramon2001@

2 Introduction…1 2

3 Nigeria: Basic Facts Africa’s most populous nation, 164 Million people: [ 250 Ethnic groups; 500 Languages] Location: West Africa, between Latitude 4 o and 14 o N and Longitude 2 o and 15 o E Total Land Area= 923,768Km 2 (356,669 sq m). Federal Republic, 36 States + 1 Federal Capital Territory, 774 Local Government Areas 3

4 NUMBER AND TYPES OF HE INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA HEIFederalStatePrivateTotal Univers- ities 37373750124 Poly/ Monotechs. 435215110 CoE21442186 Total10113386320 4

5 5FederalStatePrivate 37 50 Universities NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY SYSTEM STATISTICS

6 ODL IN NIGERIA Home study/ correspondence variety popular early to mid-20 th century. ODL Policy framework: Long standing recognition as means of enhancing access. NPE since 1977 ODL Policy goals:  Provide access to quality education and equity in educational opportunities for those who otherwise would have been denied. 6

7 ODL IN NIGERIA….2 ODL Policy goals:  Meet special needs of employers by mounting special certificate courses for their employees at their work place.  Encourage internationalization especially of tertiary education curricula.  Ameliorate the effect of internal and external brain drain in tertiary institutions by utilizing experts as teachers regardless of their locations or places of work. 7

8 ODL IN NIGERIA…3 POLICY VS PRACTICE ? Policy stipulates ODL implementation at ALL levels of Education. Yawning Gap between Policy and practice…… In reality only at tertiary level: National Teachers’ Institute (NTI) University sub-sector 8

9 IMPERATIVES FOR ODL IN NUS DD for HE far outstrips SS. In Nigeria, over a million candidates sit Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) annually, existing 124universities can only absorb about 350,000 new entrants Need for Paradigm shift to enhance access 9

10 ODL In the University system Yet to be fully exploited.. 1 Unimode University (NOUN) 6 Dual- mode institutions Enrolment: <50,000 in Dual mode DLCs + abt. 35,000 in NOUN. Many Universities expressing interest !! 10


12 ENROLMEMT IN DL CENTRES S/NOUNIVERSITY DLCENROLMENT 1.Ibadan12, 750 2. Lagos 10,381 3. Abuja 16,791 4. Maiduguri 3,624 5.FUT, Yola1,204 6.OAU Ile-Ife5,000 GRAND TOTAL49,750 12

13 NUS ODL MODEL In the NUS…. ODL = Supported Blended Learning. interactive texts at the heart of teaching and learning. supplemented with other resources such as: CDROM: DVD: or USB sticks to deliver; e-books, simulations, assessment etc No attendance of classes or face-to-face contact, unless for Examinations, periodic facilitation and practicum. 13

14 NUS ODL MODEL..2 Predicated on a pedagogy that is led by resources and not reliant on face-to-face intervention. Study centre system should:  offer both academic and social support.  Act as the focal points of learning communities  have agreed standards of accommodation in facilities and equipment + Functional ICT [See “Guidelines for open & distance learning in Nigerian Universities” visit 14

15 Assessment…. will include CA ( minimum of 1 MA/ 40 Hrs of study ) + summative assessment, e.g. exams, portfolios, that provide for validation of achievement Task will occupy a minimum of 10% of study time. The course score should depend on both the continuous and final assessment. Effective marking and feedback require rapid return – a target maximum of 3 weeks is appropriate but ICT may allow this to be reduced. 15

16 Assessment ….2 Loading on staff may be reduced by the use of automatically marked ICT-based Assignments. CA should be well entrenched and should include TMAs and CMAs Evaluation and assessment should include Summative assessment that validate achievement of Learning objectives 16

17 NUC ODL Guidelines….. Curriculum: -congruent with the approved MAS/ BMAS for the programme. Learning outcomes clearly articulated in terms of competencies, skills and behavioural attributes Pedagogy:  Learning objectives should be well defined  Pedagogy -should be appropriate to meet the Learning objectives  well written Study guides should lead study  Programmes should be updated at appropriate frequency 17

18 NUC ODL Guidelines ….2 Staffing adequate qualified faculty for programme leadership, resource and assessment generation, and tutor monitoring- normally a minimum of 6 academic staff should be associated with each academic programme but staff may also be associated with other programmes Academic staff mix-by-rank should comply with the NUC guidelines of Professorial cadre: Senior Lectureship: Lecturer 1 and below in the ratio of 20:35:45 for comparability of quality and standard. -Staff should be appropriately skilled in terms of subject and ODL pedagogy. 18

19 NUC G/lines….3 Staffing...  -Student advisers should be available for information, advice and guidance (IAG)  There should be a Minimum of 2 administrative staff for not more than a cluster of 4 academic programmes.  -The institution should have the ability to demonstrate technical support ( in-house or out- sourced). 19

20 NUC G/lines…..4 ACADEMIC LEARNER SUPPORT:  Tutor: Student Ratio= 1:50  Tutors should be trained or have validated ODL qualifications ( through orientation, seminars, on-line workshops, conferences on ODL programmes).  Channels of communication should be diverse and cater for student need, i.e. surface mail, phone, email etc. 20

21 NUC G/lines….5  Marking and feedback to meet international standards.  Feedback on assignments and examinations should be prompt (within 3 weeks for Assignment; within 10 weeks for Exams )  Feedback should reflect areas of students’ weaknesses, strengths and appropriate corrections 21

22 Expectations for new / prospective DL Centres?? 22

23 SETTING UP A DISTANCE LEARNING CENTRE….FIRST STEPS  Approval by University Senate  Approval by Governing Council  Develop Institutional ODL Policy :  Policy on: Course materials… purchase, develop or both Staffing. Recruitment, career progression/ tenure track Technology System of learner support Quality Assurance 23

24 Setting up a distance learning centre….first steps 2  Strategic + Action Plans  Set-up DL Planning & Implementation C’tee  University-wide Understanding of Concept, Principles and Practice of contemporary DL  Internalize NUC ODL G/Lines  Advocacy& sensitization 24

25 First Steps…..3 Induction of Staff especially A CADEMICS [Large pool of subject-matter experts exists] Convert ANALOG Academics to DIGITAL Adopt SYSTEMS APPROACH 25

26 Capacity Building… Capacity building is KEY: All categories of staff [ academic staff: teachers + Tutors: E-teaching skills critical Information Advice & Guidance Administrative Technical 26

27 Capacity Building….2 Set up multi-disciplinary course teams: [instructional design experts + subject matter experts + ICT experts ]. Develop course materials [ mixed media] 70% course materials required before approval – [case-by- case] 27

28 Capacity Building…3 Set up ICT infrastructure Deploy appropriate technology Match men to technology 28

29 CHALLENGES OF ODL IN NUS Institutional capacity gaps :  Inadequate Course Wares  Weak Learner support system  Inappropriate delivery mechanisms  Regulatory capacity gaps Professional capacity gaps: Dearth of competent Practitioners [Teachers; Tutors; IA&G staff ] Paucity of QA personnel 29

30 TACKLING THE CHALLENGES.. NUC/BC/OUUK PROJECT:  Collaboration between NUC, British Council Nigeria & OUUK  Overarching objective: Bring the standard of ODL practice in Nigeria up to level of global best practice  ODL stakeholder roundtable in November, 2008 - a forum for discussions on issues bordering on a suitable ODL Model for Nigeria 30

31 NUC/BC/OUUK ODL Project 31

32 MOU……. 32

33 ODL PROJECT…2  Stakeholders’ workshop on 26-27 March, 2009: out come :Development of Guidelines for ODL in the Nigerian university system [ Eligibility to offer DL; Delivery guidelines, programme accreditation instrument]  Train the Trainers Initiative : (Dec. 2009 – March 2011)  E-teaching workshops: nominated group of DL teachers from 7 Nigerian universities. 33

34 ODL PROJECT…3 TtT Initiative: A series of 5 workshops + Intervening conversations facilitated by OUUK staff: Prof. Swithenby et. al. Workshops focused on course module designs+ associated support General studies courses: –Use of English – CDL University of Ibadan –Philosophy and Logic – CDL, OAU Ile-Ife –Nigerian Peoples and Culture – CDL, University of Maiduguri –Science and Society – CDL Federal University of Technology, Yola –Entrepreneurship – DLI, University of Lagos and CDL, University of Abuja 34

35 T-t-T Workshops 35

36 ODL PROJECT…4 Other aspects of TtT: Assessment [ incl. e-assessment] ICT for resource development and delivery; ICT for student support. Designation as National Trainers 40 graduates : certified NUC/BC/OUUK CASCADE 36

37 ODL PROJECT…5 Next steps: [ project assessment] University level cascading [a few DLCs] Roll-out of Pilot Modules [ Finalization done] Development & Roll-out of other selected courses/ modules [ a few…DLI ? ] 37

38 ODL PROJECT…6 Consortium formation (6 Universities)  Steering group: VCs – oversight; policy, finances  Coordinating group {Executive Group: Directors}  Agreement to collaborate in : Development and delivery of learning resources, courses/modules Study centre network Choice of VLE Long term Resource production mechanism 38

39 REQUIRED….? Greater commitment @ highest level [VCs] Strengthen Collaboration among consortium members Strengthen partnership with OUUK Build synergies SET UP INSTITUTE FOR ODL PEDAGOGY…..OUUK/NUC 39

40 Future Prospects…? Perennial problem of Inadequate access to HE must be ameliorated. ODL is the answer With greater stakeholder commitment & support + hard work+ collaboration, the Future of DL in Nigeria is bright. 40

41 41 Thank you and God Bless

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