4 What are the main pathologies here? Which symptoms need to asked when enquiring about his leg pain?Can you explain the indications for each of the medications that are listedName 3 side effects of each oneWhat is the most likely cause of this mans leg pain?What else can cause similar pain and how do you distinguish this?
5 Assessment How would you assess this patient on clinical examination? Which features in the history or examination would support your diagnosisHe is referred to hospital – which investigations might help
6 Management What are the priorities for this man’s management? What would you advise relating to his medication?Which factors need to be taken into account relating to managing this man?
7 MR G Aged 72 Presents with aching pain in right thigh Pain also felt in right groin and into his kneePain worse when he walks but also keeping him awake at night
8 ExaminationWhat sort of assessment would you make in this man when examining him?Can you explain /demonstrate the examination process to your colleagues?What sort of tests might help you and why might you be doing them?
9 Test resultsX ray hip – suggests early arthritic change in right hip ( subchondral sclerosis, loss of joint space and a few osteophytes)Full blood count normalESR 100Alkaline Phosphatase raised but ALT normal
10 What does the x ray report suggest? What are the causes of a high ESR?What might cause the raised ALP?What else might be going on here and how would you follow this up?
11 Mr K 55 fork lift truck driver Long history of low back pain Develops pain in low back which is causing early morning stiffnessBends down to clip toe nails and develops sudden severe pain in the leg on the left
12 Clinical assessment What is the most likely pathology here? How would you examine and assess this man clinically?Can you demonstrate the examination to you colleagues?What questions do you need to particularly need to ask this man ?
13 Tests Normal FBC but slightly raised ESR at 40 and CRP at 12 X ray – Radiologists decline to perform plain film – is this correct?What can be seen on a plain film?What might be a more useful method of assessing this man?
14 Red flagsWhat symptoms in the history might suggest that there is something more going on?How can you make a reasonable assessment of this?What actions are open to the primary care doctor when assessing a patient with low back pain
15 Mrs F Develops pain initially in one then both legs when walking Initially buttocks and thighs then spreads to feetGets better when sits and leans forwardShe gets this when walking home at the same place each night
16 Worse when she goes down hill Last three weeks also noted that her legs get weak when she walks too far
17 What does this picture suggest? Which of the following tests would you request?Plain lateral x ray lumbar spineMRI scan?Bone scan?