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Journal Club Jan 2012. Hollow-fibre – coupling Different modes propagate in the fibre EH 11 EH 12 EH 13 EH 14 Nisoli, M. et al; Selected Topics in Quantum.

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Presentation on theme: "Journal Club Jan 2012. Hollow-fibre – coupling Different modes propagate in the fibre EH 11 EH 12 EH 13 EH 14 Nisoli, M. et al; Selected Topics in Quantum."— Presentation transcript:

1 Journal Club Jan 2012

2 Hollow-fibre – coupling Different modes propagate in the fibre EH 11 EH 12 EH 13 EH 14 Nisoli, M. et al; Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of. 1998, 4,

3 Hollow-fibre – mode discrimination / attenuation Different modesDifferent fibre radii small fibre radius => high intensity but low transmission long fibre => good mode discrimination but lower transmission

4 Hollow fibre – design considerations i.P limited by self-focusing ii.ionizaton limits minimal core radius iii.length of fiber is limited by propagation losses Vozzi, C. et al., Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics, 80(3), pp α ~ 0.45, β ~ 0.51 Hea min (Ar) = 1.6 a min (Ne) = 1.8 a min (He)

5 conventional Hollow fibre parameters L = 1 m ID = 250 µm Input: ~1 mJ with τ ~30 fs best compromise between transmission losses and broadening. L is limited by production and table. Transmission sensitive to radius (more bendy = less transmission) Nagy, T., Forster, M. & Simon, P., 2008 Appl. Opt., 47(18), pp in principle: larger inner diameter and using a longer fiber to compensate for smaller intensity allows for better overall transmission

6 Flexible fiber – why? Nagy, T., Forster, M. & Simon, P., 2008 Appl. Opt., 47(18), pp bending problem is eliminated by stretching the fibre on the ends.

7 Flexible fibers – what is this? ID/OD = 250µm / 360µm ID/OD = 320µm / 440µm

8 Flexible hollow fibers – setup HF: hollow fiber GT: glass tube VC: vacuum-tight cement OR: O-ring CR: clamping ring VT: vacuum tubing “After curing, the fiber is cut within the glued regions by a diamond tool.”

9 Flexible fibers – Results input: 1.1mJ, 70fs, 780nm 42% 1m 250µm Ar 300 mbar static fill F=9.2 64% 3m 320µm Ar 200 mbar static fill F = 9.7 F = Δω out /Δω in evacuated!! (=useless) close to evacuated a lot less then with no gas spot too small for 300 mbar of Argon? ionization at entrance? shifting of z-position? Obviously you put more effort into result you want to see Can you get better transmission with 1m?

10 Flexible fibers – Results 36% 1m 250µm Ar 500 mbar static fill “The ultimate spectral broadening with still regular spectral shape and acceptable spatial homogeneity” 48% 3m 320µm Ar 500 mbar static fill

11 Flexible fibers – Results 48% 3m 320µm Ar 500 mbar FROG says: 4.5 fs with 12µm (θ = 30.8°) BBO!!

12 Discussion Pros: easy to keep the fiber straight fibers don’t break that easily good transmission good beam profile after fiber Cons: increasing ID => longer tubes table size limited tiny fiber might be immediatly burnt at higher energies larger ID impractical for us?


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