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Deterring and detecting plagiarism workshop Judy Cohen, UELT.

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1 Deterring and detecting plagiarism workshop Judy Cohen, UELT

2 Defining plagiarism University definition: Plagiarism: reproducing in any work submitted for assessment or review any material derived from work authored by another without clearly acknowledging the source

3 Academic Discipline ‘Students are required to act with honesty and integrity’ regarding academic progress Duplication of material (auto plagiarism) Cheating in examinations Attempting to influence an examiner or teacher improperly Conspiring with others to reproduce the work of others without proper acknowledgement (copying/sharing) Falsification of data/evidence

4 Defining plagiarism: Annex 10 ‘The identification of plagiarism is an academic judgement, based on a comparison across the student's work in general, and/or on knowledge of the sources, of practice in the discipline and of expectations for professional conduct.’ Plagiarism may be established even if source not identified

5 Defining plagiarism: Annex 10 ‘Strict liability’: intention not relevant when establishing a case of plagiarism Poor academic practice considered in penalties Onus on student to use the material supplied by the University – Lack of understanding is not a defence

6 Major or minor? First offence: may issue formal warning only to Stage 1 u/g First offence: warning and minor penalty – Poor practice – No intent to deceive

7 Major or minor? Existing formal warning Number of offences- previous or contemporaneous Contribution of assignment to module mark Proportion of plagiarised work within the assignment Evidence of intent to deceive

8 Cheating, intention to deceive misuse misconduct Student does not know the rules; student breaks the rules misunderstanding Student knows, makes a mistake Taken from Jude Carroll workshop 16/1/2013 University of Kent ‘Plagiarism Forum’

9 Assessment design Consider why students might plagiarise – Last minute rush – Can’t keep up – Who cares anyway? – Pressure to succeed – I can’t do it on my own! – I only need to pass (not learn) – ?? – See JISC report ‘Plagiarism detection and prevention’

10 Strategies to deter plagiarism Making an answer – not finding an answer Focus on process (rather than product): – valuing it; making it visible Authentication Checking – ‘Who did this work?’ Strategy Game from Jude Carroll’s Plagiarism Forum 16 Jan 2013

11 Deterring plagiarism Include opportunities for practice Analytical or comparative writing tasks Specific and current topics Include information gathering skills (process) Use essay banks as a teaching tool Assess process in groupwork Reflective writing

12 Deterring plagiarism Assess reading/noting skills Open book exams Vivas/orals Individualised assignments Engaging assessment tasks (eg Wiki exercise) Peer assessment/audience Include artefacts/drafts/plans Time planning…

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