Toni Cade Bambara ► 1939-1995 ► American writer, civil rights activist and teacher ► Grew up in Harlem ► Graduated from Queens College and studied acting in Europe
► Her stories are set in the rural South and the urban North ► Uses black street dialect ► Gorilla, My Love and The Salt Eaters are two collections of her short stories
Background ► Dialect is a way of speaking and writing that is common to people in a particular region or group; it adds color, liveliness and realism ► Examples?
Characters/setting/plot ► Cathy, Tyrone & Terry, Granny, Granddaddy Cain, Camera & Smilin, and the narrator ► South, the Cain residence, Christmas time ► The Cain residence is intruded by cameramen to shoot a food stamps commercial (privacy and family dignity)
Literary Analysis ► Characterization refers to the way a writer reveals a character’s personality traits ► Direct characterization – writers directly state a character’s personality traits ► Indirect characterization – writers use a character’s actions, thoughts and feelings to suggest a character’s traits
Examples of characterization “Father was driving with a reckless and exhilarating skill-” Indirect “Miss Golden, crisp, fragrant, punctual, shut the door-” Direct
Narrators ► First person narrator – a character within the story tells the story ► Third person narrator – a character not within the story tells the story ► What kind of narrator does this story have?
► What do we know about the narrator of the story? The narrator is a female. This is because the man addresses the group as “ladies”. The narrator is Granny Cain’s granddaughter.
How is Granny characterized? ► Granny is outspoken and gets her point across through words. ► The children respect Granny. Specifically, Cathy admires her, Terry & Tyrone fear and respect her
How is Granddaddy Cain characterized? ► He is quiet and let his actions speak for him. He has a regal appearance and people resent him for it
How are Camera and Smilin characterized? ► Frightened and very intrusive ► Indirectly ► They are scared of the hawk, they don’t ask for permission to be there
Activities ► Review and assess on page 576 ► Good worksheets for review http://go.hrw.com/resources/go_mk/la/latm/LI TRES03.PDF http://go.hrw.com/resources/go_mk/la/latm/LI TRES03.PDF http://go.hrw.com/resources/go_mk/la/latm/LI TRES03.PDF