Presentation on theme: "Building BC: Gold, Blood, Sweat & Tears. James Cook – to HBC Fur Trade James Cook in 1778 visited the coast. Cook's men had traded for sea otter pelts."— Presentation transcript:
James Cook – to HBC Fur Trade James Cook in 1778 visited the coast. Cook's men had traded for sea otter pelts and exchanged them in China. The first British trader to arrive was Capt James Hanna in 1785 Led to HBC establishing itself in Victoria
BC: Pre Gold Rush Co-managed by US & Britain Oregon Territory Led to Oregon Boundary Dispute
FORT VICTORIA 1843 Est. to assert British claims to Vancouver Island & Northern Oregon Territory HBC created Fort Vic Fur trade American expansionists asserted or claimed all Oregon Territory (including BC!!) `Fifty-Forty or Fight`
The Douglas Treaties: On the Colony of Vancouver Island Between 1850 and 1854, James Douglas, made fourteen land purchases from aboriginal peoples. The Douglas Treaties cover approximately 358 square miles of land around Victoria, Saanich, Sooke, Nanaimo and Port Hardy, all on Vancouver Island. Treaty negotiations by Douglas did not continue beyond 1854 due, in part, to a lack of funds and the slow progress of settlement and industry in the 1850s.
Douglas Treaties Cont.. Douglas' policies toward aboriginal peoples and land were generally consistent with British principles. Those of his political successors, however, proved to be not as consistent. An area of land was surrendered "entirely and forever" in exchange for cash, clothing, or blankets. The signatories and their descendants retained existing village sites and fields for their continued use, the "liberty to hunt over unoccupied lands" & the right to "carry on their fisheries as formerly."
GOLD @ FRASER CANYON!! In 1858, gold was found on the banks of the Thompson River triggering the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Victoria was transformed overnight into a tent city as prospectors, speculators, land agents, and outfitters flooded in from San Francisco & around the world Hudson's Bay Company's Fort Langley, boomed economically as the staging point for many of the prospectors heading by boat to the Canyon.
The steamer Commodore docked at Victoria with 450 men, 60 of whom where British and the remainder Americans, Germans, Italians, Chinese and a variety of other nationalities. Doctor J.S. Helmcken recalls the events of April 25th, 1858:One sunday morning we were astonished to find a steamer entering the Harbour from San Francisco....(the miners)...built tents of grey cotton: hundreds of these tents dotted the land from Government Street almost as far as Spring Ridge.... The town thus grew and grew...Everyone wanted to get to Frazer's River." (BC Archives Add Mss 505 Helmcken Papers) VICTORIA INVADED!!!
Annexation Threat? Seize that Colony! James Douglas, fearing American challenges to the region & 20,000 Americans, stationed a gunboat at the mouth of the Fraser The British colonial office responded by establishing the mainland as a crown colony on August 2, 1858, naming it the Colony of British Columbia Fort Langley, was its provisional capital. New Westminster was chosen as its first official capital, for reasons of military security.
GOLD….AGAIN @ CARIBOO!! A second gold rush - Cariboo region - 1861-64 Cariboo Wagon Road linked Lower Mainland to the gold fields of Barkerville Billy Barker & Barkerville
CARIBOO GOLD RUSH GAME Lets Play! Flash Story of Gold Rush Flash Story of Gold Rush
Victoria Continues to Grow -FIRST NATION, CHINESE & OF COURSE BRITISH INFLUENCE Moments of significance: BC Parliament Buildings began operation officially during 1898 In 1907 -Uplands purchased & designed by leading landscape architect john Olmsted Ms. MacMaster comes to Canada Mr. B Comes to Canada - 1990
People & Places of Early BC & Victoria 1.Amor De Cosmos 2.James Douglas 3.Richard Blanshard 4.James Cook 5.Emily Carr 6.Empress Hotel 7.James Dunsmuir 8. John Robson 9. Lord Strathcona 10. Songhees First Nations 11. Amor De Cosmos 12. Mathew Begbie 13. Joseph Trutch 14. Anthony Musgrave 15. Frederick Seymour