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The Colony of BC and Confederation

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1 The Colony of BC and Confederation

2 Cariboo Gold Rush: 35,000+ prospectors
Started to leave Cariboo region and the colony Rapid loss of revenue and population BC suffered great financial losses 1866: BC and Van. Island had significant debts Colonial office in Britain agreed w/ idea of union August 6, 1866: British g’ment formally joined the 2 colonies together as British Columbia

3 Governor Seymour became governor of new colony
Legislative Council established Union didn’t solve economic woes Population cont’d to decline Money issues cont’d

4 Confederation debate Three main factions:
Strongly opposed to confederation (anti-confederationists) Strongly supported confederation (confederationists) Annexation by the U.S. (annexationists) b/t 1868 & 1870 the debate about BC’s future was ongoing

5 Elected rep’s on mainland: all in favor of confed.
Resolutions: Canada become liable for BC’s debt and fed. g’ment build a transcontinental railway Annexationists: believed BC couldn’t cont. to operate w/out being connected to larger body Thought Canada too distant from Pacific Coast

6 The tide turns… 1868: Legislative Assembly elections
Mainland: all confederationists Van. Island: all anti-confederationists June 1869: Gov. Seymour died Anthony Musgrave as successor Get BC to join Canada as soon as possible Annexation not popular July 20, 1871: BC joined confederation

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