Stats 133,121,000 babies were born in the year 2000. In countries with the fewest births per person, more people are dying than are being born. As with all population statistics, even this vital one, figures are rough estimates. More children are born each year in Africa than are born in the Americas, all of Europe and Japan put together. Worldwide, more than a third of a million new people will be born on your birthday this year.
Fertility Issues Fertility is the number of people who are born per child bearing woman Crude Birth Rate is the total number of live births a year for every 1000 people of the population CBR is related to the following Levels of Economic Development Population structure (balance of young/old population) Status of women Religion and social customs Levels of Healthcare
Question With reference to the Map– analyse the distribution pattern of the global fertility levels. 1.Look at areas of high fertility where are they – give named examples of countries – are their any patterns/similarities appearing? 2.Look at the areas of low fertility, where are they – give named examples of countries – are their any patterns/similarities appearing? 3.What about the in-between-ers?
Question Why is it that the role of women is a key question when thinking about fertility? Explain your answer.
Reasons for low levels of Fertility Decline of number of people getting married Delaying the age of marriage Increasing Education Status and employment of women
Increasing Education How can merely an increase in levels of education create a fertility decline in a country?
Uganda UGANDA’s population is the fastest growing in East Africa and has the highest total fertility rate (TFR) in Africa. Uganda has a population of 29.9 million and a TFR at 7.11.
Japan http://www.guardian.co.uk/slideshow/page/0,,2058547,00.html Audio slideshow 3 minshttp://www.guardian.co.uk/slideshow/page/0,,2058547,00.html http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/5132024.stm?ls Low BR 2006http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/5132024.stm?ls http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7096092.stm Status of Womenhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7096092.stm http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7084749.stm Ageing and ruralhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7084749.stm http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6733097.stm Japan's elderly are urged to workhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6733097.stm http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7472140.stm 2008 BBC articlehttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7472140.stm
Japan's fertility rate has sunk to a record low. The rate, was 1.25 in 2005, down from 1.29 in 2004. The declining rate threatens to leave Japan with a labour shortage, a reduced tax base and a strained pension system. Japan's government last year began a five- year project to lift the rate, building more day-care centres and encouraging men's paternity leave.
Many Japanese women say it is social attitudes, rather than policies, which put them off getting married or having children. Men are still expected to spend long hours at the office and little time at home, while there is pressure on women to give up work when they have children. Japan has one of the lowest birth rates in the world, although birth rates are also falling in European countries. The average in developed countries is 1.6. Demographers say a rate of 2.1 is needed to keep Japan's population from declining.
Australia Australians are producing babies at the fastest rate for 36 years, creating a future workforce that will help relieve the economic strain of its ageing population. Preliminary figures released today by the Australian Bureau of Statistics show that the number of births in Australia in 2006 was 265,922, the highest since 1971. However, while families are cooing over their newborns, the ABS report also showed that 2006 had the highest number of registered deaths on record at 133,900.
China http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia- pacific/6631471.stm BR?http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia- pacific/6631471.stm
Total Fertility Rate Why is a TFR of 2.1 considered a replacement rate? Read Falling Fertility Rates on p244-5 List 5 reasons why TFRs tend to be higher in LEDCs Explain why the TFR has dropped in MEDCs like in Europe and Japan.
China v Peru Answer Questions 4.50, 4.51, 4.52 & 4.53 on p248.
Short Answer Describe and account for the global distribution of birth rates. (You must use references of a global nature here eg. location on continents.) Under a clear new heading for each continent, list the characteristics of each continent in terms of both birth rates and death rates. Outline the likely rate of population growth on each of the continents.