2 Objectives At the end of this presentation, you will be able to:
3 Explain the basic difference between the Windows XP Home edition and the Windows XP Professional edition. Discuss issues you must resolve before installing a new OS. Explain the differences in Upgrade versus Dual Boot versus Clean Install implementations of Windows XP. List precautions that should be taken before installing a new OS. Discuss issues that should be resolved immediately after installing a new OS.
4 Issues Before you buy. Getting the computer ready. Install options. Migrating Applications Keeping the OS up to date.
5 Issues to consider before you buy the new operating system. Home or Professional Edition? Can your computer handle it? What are my upgrade options?
6 Home versus Professional Edition (Similarities) Same “look and feel.” Same basic features. Generally, any thing you can do with the Home Edition you can also do in the Professional Edition.
7 Professional Edition has: Added security. Centralized Administration. Remote Access. Scalable Processor Support
8 Added Security Access Control Lists (ACL) Encrypting File System (EFS) Group and Local policies
9 Centralized Administration. Allows an Administrator to set Group policies. Allows an Administrator to remotely manage other computers.
10 Remote Access Remote access to computer desktops Remote installation of software.
11 Scalable Processor Support
12 Can your computer handle the new operating system? Processor speed RAM Free disk space Video CD-ROM or DVD Drive
13 Windows XP Professional RequirementMicrosoft (Min) Practical ProcessorPentium II 233 MHz 900 MHz or faster RAM64 MB256 MB Free hard drive space 650 MB2 GB Video SVGA (800 x 600, 256 Color
14 Windows XP Upgrade Advisor advisor.mspx It checks your system hardware and software to see if it is ready for upgrade to Windows XP.
15 Choose a method of installing the new Operating System. Upgrade Dual boot Clean installation
16 Upgrade Overwrite your old operating system. Your old OS essentially disappears, although you can restore it. Your old files, settings and programs are automatically transferred to Windows XP. Allows you to “hit the ground running”.
17 Dual Boot Windows XP is installed along side your current OS. You can select which OS you want during bootup. Windows XP has a Wizard for transferring files and setting
18 Clean Installation Windows XP is installed from scratch. All traces of your old OS are removed. Windows XP has a Wizard for transferring files and setting. Applications will have to be reinstalled using Windows XP.
19 Backup Data Most installations are flawless. Should I backup data?
20 What should I backup? Any data that you can’t afford to lose. Primarily the files that you have generated over the years. You need not backup your Application Programs if you still have the installation disks. Backup any application for which you do not have installation CDs.
21 How do I backup? In a way that Windows XP supports. Do not use the Backup Utility supplied with Windows 9x versions. Windows XP does not support these backups. Instead, copy the files to removable media, a network drive, etc. Do not compress the files.
22 Preparing Your Computer Delete old documents and other files that you no longer need. Use the Add or Remove Programs utility in the Control panel to remove old programs you no longer use. Defragment the hard drive on which Windows XP will reside.
23 During the Installation Insert CD Follow the instructions Details depend on the type of installation you choose to implement.
24 After the Installation Migrate applications manually, if necessary. Activate Windows XP. Updating the system.
25 Migrate Applications Manually, if Necessary. In upgrades, this is handles automatically during the installation. For a clean install, you may have to reinstall applications from the original media.
26 Do Not Attempt to Migrate Old Operating Systems Old antivirus software Old troubleshooting utilities
27 Activate Windows XP Microsoft’s attempt to prevent customers from installing a single copy of Windows XP on multiple computers. You must contact Microsoft to activate your installation. It binds each installation of Windows XP to a particular PC.
28 Updating the system Features are added Bugs are fixed Windows XP let’s you know when updates are available.
30 Hard Drive Partitions
31 File Allocation Table (FAT) OS’s road map to the disk How the OS keeps track of which clusters belong to which files How the OS keeps track of bad sectors Two copies maintained and kept up to date.
32 Formatting Low Level Formatting - performed by the drive manufacturer. High Level Formatting - performed by the user via the FORMAT command.
33 Blank Disk Sectors and tracks defined Low-Level Formatting
34 Low Level Formatting Performed at the factory. Converts the single blank surface into tracks and sectors. Finds and remaps bad spots on the disk so that the operating system can avoid them.
35 High Level Formatting Originally performed by the vendor of the computer. Creates boot record, FAT, and the root directory. Performed with the FORMAT command.
36 Partitioning Makes the hard disk compatible with the OS Prepares hard disk for high-level format Divides hard disk into partitions or makes it one large partition Performed with the FDISK utility
37 FAT and FAT 16 DOS, Win 95, Win 98 2 GB Maximum Partition 32 KB 2 GB
38 VFAT Win 95 and Win 98 2 GB Maximum Partition 32 K 2 GB Long File Names
39 FAT 32 Win 95 and Win 98 2 TB Maximum Partition 4 KB 2 GB
40 NTFS Windows NT, 2000, XP, Vista 256 Terabyte max Variable cluster size Compression and Encryption MFT replaces FAT
41 Partition Format Load OS
42 Fixed Disk Setup Program (C)Copyright Microsoft Corp FDISK Options Current fixed disk drive: 1 Choose one of the following: 1. Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive 2. Set active partition 3. Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive 4. Display partition information 5. Change current fixed disk drive Enter choice: 
43 Fixed Disk Setup Program (C)Copyright Microsoft Corp FDISK Options Current fixed disk drive: 2 Choose one of the following: 1. Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive 2. Set active partition 3. Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive 4. Display partition information 5. Change current fixed disk drive Enter choice: 
44 Create DOS Partition or Logical DOS Drive Current fixed disk drive: 2 Choose one of the following: 1. Create Primary DOS Partition 2. Create Extended DOS Partition 3. Create Logical DOS Drive(s) in the Extended DOS Partition Enter choice:  Press Esc to return to FDISK Options
45 Create Extended DOS Partition Current fixed disk drive: 2 Partition Status Type Volume Label Mbytes System Usage E:1 A EXT DOS JSMITH 1032 FAT16 100% Extended DOS Partition already exists. Press Esc to continue
46 Display Partition Information Current fixed disk drive: 2 Partition Status Type Volume Label Mbytes System Usage E:1 A EXT DOS JSMITH 1032 FAT16 100% Total disk space is 1032 Mbytes (1 Mbyte = bytes) The Extended DOS Partition contains Logical DOS Drives. Do you want to display the logical drive information (Y/N)....?[Y] Press Esc to return to FDISK Options
47 Display Logical DOS Drive Information Drv Volume Label Mbytes System Usage E: JSMITH 1032 FAT16 100% Total Ext DOS Partition size is 1032 Mbytes (1 MByte = bytes) Press Esc to continue