Presentation on theme: "Medieval Church Part ll Jennifer Farrell & Margo Poleway Chapter 7 Section 3 Period 6 Global 9H."— Presentation transcript:
Medieval Church Part ll Jennifer Farrell & Margo Poleway Chapter 7 Section 3 Period 6 Global 9H
Church Power Grows Centuries after Rome’s fall -Hierarchy unique position in Western Europe Church gradually became powerful Secular: Worldly, force in medieval Europe
The Church’s Role in Society Pope= spiritual leader of Western Christian Church Papal Supremacy: Authority over all secular rulers, including kings and emperors. Churchmen supervised activities High clergy were nobles Feudal lords had territories and armies Church rulers linked to secular rulers Churchmen were highly educated
Religious Authority and Political Power Dedicated to worship God All were sinners Canon Law: Churches bodies of laws -Religion teachings, aspects of life, -Disobeyers were prosecuted Excommunication: Could not receive sacraments or Christian burial Interdict: Powerful noble who opposed the Church -Caused revolts by the common people
A Force for Peace Used authority to end noble warfare Truce of God: Temporary peace Demanded the stop to fighting
Corruption And Reform “Dark Ages” Began the religious revolution Popes were barely educated Didn’t know religious services Churches lost a lot of money
Two Movements for Reform Abbot Berno reformed his monastery of Cluny in Eastern France – Refused to allow nobles& bishops to interfere in monastery affairs Gregory VII – Monk – Became pope – Pushed for reform – Outlawed marriage for priests – Prohibited simony: The selling of church offices
New Preaching Orders Friars: Monks who did not live in isolated monasteries Took a different approach to reform Traveled around Europe’s growing towns Preached to the poor
Women in the reform movement -Supported the reform movement - Some became Dominican nuns - Others joined the Poor Clares - Well-born women gave a gift (Dowry) to the church. -Poor women were welcomed by the Beguines
St. Francis of Assisi Wealthy Italian Grew up rich Founded the first friars Preached poverty, humility and love of God
St. Dominic Spanish priest Patron Saint of Astronomers Founded the Dominican Friars – Orders of Preachers
Jews in Medieval Europe -Existed all across Europe -Muslim rulers in present day Spain -Spain became center of Jewish Culture -Jew served as officials in Muslim Royal Courts -Jews were given positions by early German kings -Jews were protected and valued by rulers in Europe -Jews taxed highly
Jews in Medieval Europe continued.. -Christians blamed Jews for the illnesses - Jews& Christians had little interaction with each other - Rulers and popes turned to educated Jews for help -Thousands of Jews migrated to Eastern Europe - Jewish communities settled in Eastern Europe until modern times
Works Cited TEXTBOOK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! "Saint Dominic." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 08 Feb. 2012.. Wikepedia. "St. Francis of Assisi - Saints & Angels." Catholic Online. Web. 08 Feb. 2012.. "The Reformation and Counter Reformation." World History International: World History Essays From Prehistory To The Present. History World International. Web. 08 Feb. 2012..
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