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LEMODULORLEMODULOR Bettisabel Lamelo 06-39774

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THE MODULOR is a scale of proportions developed by Le Corbusier. Le Modulor

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Le Corbusier created the Modulor following the steps of Vitruvius, Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man, the work of Leone Battista Alberti, and other attempts to discover mathematical proportions in the human body and then to use that knowledge to improve architecture. Vitruvian Man

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This system is based on three aspects: human measurements the Fibonacci numbers and the golden ratio.

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HUMAN MEASUREMENTS refers to the measurement of living human individuals for the purposes of understanding human physical variation. Human Measurements

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THE FIBONACCI NUMBERS are a sequence of numbers where the first number of the sequence is 0, the second number is 1, and each subsequent number is equal to the sum of the previous two numbers of the sequence itself. Fibonacci Spiral

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THE GOLDEN RATIO (1.62) Two quantities are in the golden ratio if the ratio between the sum of those quantities and the larger one is the same as the ratio between the larger one and the smaller. Golden Ratio

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Le Corbusier described the Modulor as a "range of harmonious measurements to suit the human scale, universally applicable to architecture and to mechanical things.“ He published the first edition of Le Modulor in 1948, followed by Modulor 2 in 1955. Le Modulor

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Le Corbusier used his Modulor scale in the design of many buildings, including Notre Dame du Haute and buildings in Chandigarh. Notre Dame du Haute

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In the entrance of the first Unité d'Habitation apartment building, in Marseilles, Le Corbusier recreated a version of Notre Dame du Haute’s interior, following again the principles of The Modulor Unité d'Habitation entrance Notre Dame du Haute’s interior

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GRAPHIC REPRESENTATION Le Modulor The graphic representation of the Modulor is a stylized human figure with one arm upraised standing next to two vertical measurements. ARM UPRAISED VERTICAL MEASUREMENTS

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Basic plot: 113, 70, 43 cm. When these quantities are combined, they provided other measurements related with the modulor. For example: 43+70=113, 113+70=183 and 113+70+43=223, these three results define the space human body occupies. Le Modulor BASIC PLOT 113 70 43

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According to the quantities of 113 and 226, Le Corbusier developed two vertical measurements, the red series and the blue series, which are descending scales related to the height of the human figure. Le Modulor RED SERIES BLUE SERIES

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The most significant building where Le Corbusier used the Modulor is the previously mentioned Unité d’Habitation in Marseilles, where the architect uses over 15 measurements of the Modulor to accommodate this building into human scale. Unité d’Habitation’s façade

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