Presentation on theme: "The Adverb Clause How? To what extent? Where? When?"— Presentation transcript:
1The Adverb Clause How? To what extent? Where? When? Why?To what extent?Under what condition?
2Where can you find an adverb? Adverbs modify:VERBS, ADJECTIVES, and other ADVERBS
3…therefore you can find them: Nearly anywhere in the sentence…However, they are usually near the verb, adjective or adverb they modify (but not always)Examples:He can run fast.(tells: how he can run)She really likes soccer.(tells: to what extent, she likes…)
4More Examples: They can swim really quickly. (modifies the adverb quickly. It answers – How quickly?)He is not enjoying this activity.(Just remember the word not is always an adverb.)She is always late for class.(The words always, never, sometimes, rarely, etc.are also adverbs)
5Adverbs answer where… Your book is here. Your pencil is there. The birds are flying high.The plane is flying by.
6Adverbs answer when… He came home late. She woke early. They are performing now.She will do her homework later.
7Unlike an adverb or an adverb phrase, an adverb clause has a subject and a verb They will leave soon.ADVERB PHRASE:They will leave (in a few minutes).ADVERB CLAUSE:They will leave when they are ready.SV
8Definition…An adverb clause is a subordinate (dependent clause) that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb.Like an adverb an adverb clause tells where, when, how, why, to what extent or under what condition.
9Adverb Clauses can also be found nearly anywhere in the sentence… …beginning, middle or end…EXAMPLES:You may sit wherever you wish.(modifies the verb sit and tells where)When spring sets in, many students go crazy.(modifies the verb go and tells when)Sammy and Alexandra look as though they have some exciting news for us.(modifies the verb look, telling how S. and A. look)
10More examples…Happy because she made an A, Maia hurried to phone her mom.(modifies the adjective Happy, telling why Maia was happy.)Will can climb higher than I can.(modifies the adverb higher, telling to what extent or how much higher Will can climb)If it does not rain tomorrow, we will go to the beach for class.(modifies the verb will go, telling under what condition we will go to the beach.)
11COMMA RULES…When an adverb clause begins a sentence, it is followed by a comma.,
12Subordinating Conjunctions: An adverb clause is introduced by a subordinating conjunction—a word that shows the relationship between the adverb clause and the word or words that the clause modifies.
13Common Subordinating Conjunctions: after as though since whenalthough because so that wheneveras before than whereas if how though whereveras long as if unless whetheras soon as in order that until while
14NOTE!The words after, as, before, since, and until are also commonly used as prepositions.Example:PREPOSITION:(After lunch) we’ll finish building the rocket.SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION:After you wash the dishes, you can make the bed.