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Ku Klux Klan White Supremacy.

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Presentation on theme: "Ku Klux Klan White Supremacy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ku Klux Klan White Supremacy

2 The Secret Society May of 1866: Pulaski, Tennessee
Confederate Civil War veterans Captain John C. Lester, Major James R. Crowe, John D. Kennedy, Calvin Jones, Richard R. Reed, Frank O. McCord Original Name: Kuklos Greek translation: Circle Modified to Ku Klux Klan

3 The KKK April 1867: Nashville, Tennessee
First general organization of local Klans First Grand Wizard: Nathan Forrest Forrest: General of the American Civil War

4 Uniforms White peaked hats White Robes with Emblem White masks
Created out of white bed sheets Concealed identity and terrified victims Identity was usually known

5 Emblem Symbol worn by members
A cross in a circle with the a blood drop in the center Blood drop represents the blood shed by Jesus Christ as a sacrifice for the White Aryan Race

6 “Reign of Terror” Freedom of black southerners
“ Defend the social and political superiority” “Defend against the aggressions of a inferior race” Against all carpetbaggers, scalawags, and freedmen Stop black people from voting Against education, economic advancement, and arms bearing for freed blacks

7 Violence Cross burning- used to intimate victims Lynching
Night time attacks Beatings Killings White Power

8 “In effect, the Klan was a military force serving the interests of the Democratic party, the planter class, and all those who desired restoration of white supremacy. Its purposes were political, but political in the broadest sense, for it sought to affect power relations, both public and private, throughout Southern society. It aimed to reverse the interlocking changes sweeping over the South during Reconstruction: to destroy the Republican party's infrastructure, undermine the Reconstruction state, reestablish control of the black labor force, and restore racial subordination in every aspect of Southern life. “ – Eric Foner

9 Decline 1869: Federal Grand Jury deemed Terrorist Organization
1870: Gov. William Holden of N. Carolina called on Military Union Army Veterans formed Anti- Ku Klux Threatened Klansmen with reprisals Southern States passed anti-Ku Klux Klan legislation 1870: President Grant passed the Enforcement Act Enforced military enforcement and Federal Prosecution of KKK members


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