Republic People have the power through elected representatives. Ex. U.S., Germany, India
Monarchy A ruling family headed by a king or queen holds power. ex. United Kingdom or Saudi Arabia
Totalitarian (Dictatorship) An individual or group holds complete political power. ex. North Korea (under Kim Jong-un), Germany (under Hitler), Soviet Union (under Stalin)
Theocracy A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god Iran
What makes a country powerful? Natural resources? Military spending? Political/Economic system? Economic strength?
Patriotism and Nationalism Pride in one’s country.
Conflicts Cold War U.S. vs. USSR Iron Curtain Communism vs. democracy Berlin Wall Korean War Vietnam War
Conflicts Balkan Conflict Serbs, Croats, Muslims Over land, religion, nationalism Ethnic cleansing by Serbs Yugoslavia
Conflicts African conflicts Rwanda genocide Sudan civil wars and genocide DRC - current South Africa apartheid Partly because of European colonial history
Conflicts Israel-Palestine Jews (Israelis) vs. Palestinians (Arabs) Fighting over religion and land Jews win wars and take territory Have given Palestinians some control in West Bank and Gaza Strip Palestinians are now a stateless nation (ex. Kurds in Iraq)
Quiz 1. Using the population pyramid, what type of economic activity would be most important in this country? 2. What does this country need to invest in for the future, education or healthcare for the elderly? 3. What is the term for the diffusion of goods and ideas from the Old World to the New World? 4. True or False. Life in rural areas tends to be more traditional. 5. Which world religion would you likely find in North Africa?
6. If a country has a GDP per capita of $31,000, a life expectancy of 78, an IMR of 9, and a literacy rate of 98%, would they be considered developed or developing? Quiz 7. Which country below would be considered socialist? A. U.S.B. South Korea C. SpainD. North Korea 8. Which of the following would you most likely see in a developed country? A. subsistence farmingB. traditional economy C. cottage industriesD. service industries 9. What is the name of the free trade zone made up of 27 European countries? 10. Who drew the boundaries of Africa thus creating the root of many conflicts there today?