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SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT CH 5. PERSONALITY = – SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL.

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Presentation on theme: "SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT CH 5. PERSONALITY = – SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL."— Presentation transcript:

1 SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT CH 5

2 PERSONALITY = – SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL SOCIALIZATION = – PROCESS – PROCESS THROUGH WHICH PEOPLE LEARN THE BASIC SKILLS, VALUES, BELIEFS AND BEHAVIOR PATTERNS OF SOCIETY

3 NATURE vs. NURTURE WHAT HAS MORE INFLUENCE….HEREDITY OR ENVIRONMENT??? SOCIOLOGISTS FOCUS MORE ON NURTURE

4 NATURE SOCIOLOGISTS DO RECOGNIZE THE ROLE OF HEREDITY THROUGH…. – APTITUDE = POTENTIAL – INSTINCT = BIOLOGICALLY PRE=PROGRAMMED BEHAVIOR PATTERN

5 Personality Development How could each of these factors affect personality? – Parental characteristics – Cultural Environment: Society – Heredity - (sociobiologists) – Birth Order

6 Influences on Personality Parental Characteristics – Young vs. older parents – Education – Religious Background – Economic status – Occupation

7 Influences on Personality Cultural Environment – Example: US = competitive, assertive, individuals Japan = cooperative, passive, group Sex differences – Girls = pink & dolls vs. Boys = blue & soldiers Ethnic backgrounds

8 Birth Order – Position born in family – Birth order is another attempt to gain insight into the development of personality

9 Which of the following lists of personality traits best fits you or your characters?

10 A. B. C A. perfectionistic, reliable, conscientious, list maker, well organized, critical, serious, scholarly B. mediator, fewest pictures in the family photo album, avoids conflict, independent, extreme loyalty to the peer group, many friends, a maverick C. manipulative, charming, blames others, shows off, people person, good salesperson, precocious, engaging

11 A = first born A = first born B = a middle child B = a middle child (second born of three or possibly third born of four children ). C =the baby of the family C =the baby of the family If you picked…

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13 Identify whether or not the following behaviors are learned, or instinct: – Speaking – Walking – Crying when sad – Smiling when happy – Yelling when angry

14 WHAT IMPACT WOULD THERE BE ON A CHILD WHO WAS ISOLATED FROM BIRTH….OR IN OTHER WORDS….NEVER BEEN SOCIALIZED???


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