Presentation on theme: "SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT CH 5. PERSONALITY = – SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL."— Presentation transcript:
SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT CH 5
PERSONALITY = – SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL SOCIALIZATION = – PROCESS – PROCESS THROUGH WHICH PEOPLE LEARN THE BASIC SKILLS, VALUES, BELIEFS AND BEHAVIOR PATTERNS OF SOCIETY
NATURE vs. NURTURE WHAT HAS MORE INFLUENCE….HEREDITY OR ENVIRONMENT??? SOCIOLOGISTS FOCUS MORE ON NURTURE
NATURE SOCIOLOGISTS DO RECOGNIZE THE ROLE OF HEREDITY THROUGH…. – APTITUDE = POTENTIAL – INSTINCT = BIOLOGICALLY PRE=PROGRAMMED BEHAVIOR PATTERN
Personality Development How could each of these factors affect personality? – Parental characteristics – Cultural Environment: Society – Heredity - (sociobiologists) – Birth Order
Influences on Personality Parental Characteristics – Young vs. older parents – Education – Religious Background – Economic status – Occupation
Influences on Personality Cultural Environment – Example: US = competitive, assertive, individuals Japan = cooperative, passive, group Sex differences – Girls = pink & dolls vs. Boys = blue & soldiers Ethnic backgrounds
Birth Order – Position born in family – Birth order is another attempt to gain insight into the development of personality
Which of the following lists of personality traits best fits you or your characters?
A. B. C A. perfectionistic, reliable, conscientious, list maker, well organized, critical, serious, scholarly B. mediator, fewest pictures in the family photo album, avoids conflict, independent, extreme loyalty to the peer group, many friends, a maverick C. manipulative, charming, blames others, shows off, people person, good salesperson, precocious, engaging
A = first born A = first born B = a middle child B = a middle child (second born of three or possibly third born of four children ). C =the baby of the family C =the baby of the family If you picked…
Identify whether or not the following behaviors are learned, or instinct: – Speaking – Walking – Crying when sad – Smiling when happy – Yelling when angry
WHAT IMPACT WOULD THERE BE ON A CHILD WHO WAS ISOLATED FROM BIRTH….OR IN OTHER WORDS….NEVER BEEN SOCIALIZED???