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Bolivia. Map Flag Meaning of the flag: red stands for bravery and the blood of national heroes yellow for the nation's mineral resources green for the.

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Presentation on theme: "Bolivia. Map Flag Meaning of the flag: red stands for bravery and the blood of national heroes yellow for the nation's mineral resources green for the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bolivia

2 Map

3 Flag Meaning of the flag: red stands for bravery and the blood of national heroes yellow for the nation's mineral resources green for the fertility of the land

4 About Bolivia GDP (per capita)- $4 800 Main Exports- Soyabeans, natural gas, zinc, silver, lead, tin, antimony, wood, sugar Population million Life Expectancy years Capital City- Sucre La Paz is sometimes referred to as the capital city

5 President Evo Morales

6 Bolivia’s History Before being colonized, Bolivian territory was part of the Inca domain Bolivia was colonized in the 16 th century by the Spaniards Due to large indigenous population, few African slaves were imported Spaniard and indigenous cultures mixed

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8 1809 Bolivia declared independence from Spain Provoking a 16 year war between the two countries Bolivia gained its independence on August 6 th, 1825

9 The Struggle for Independence Between 1808 and 1810 unsuccessful revolts were being led against the Spaniards in Upper Peru (part of modern day Bolivia) Next seven years, Upper Peru was a battle ground General Pedro Antonio de Olañeta and Simon Bolivar were two great revolutionaries for Bolivia

10 General Pedro Antonio de Olañeta Led a conservative party Supported Simon Bolivar

11 Simon Bolivar Born in Venezeuela, 1783 Freedom fighter Military commander Lead a series of South American revolutions Panama, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezeuela were lead to freedom by him George Washington was one of his heroes growing up

12 Inspired by American Revolution and French Revolution Bolivia was named after him Bolivia’s first president but gave the role to Lieutenant Sucre

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14 After the Revolution Great debt due to the wars of independence Mining industry declined Agriculture productivity was inefficient, forced to import food Payments made to Peru for supplying the army of liberation Reform policies were attempted to be put in place (distribution of land, etc.)

15 The National Revolution of Bolivia 1952 A military junta refused to give up power in the 1951 election Hernan Siles Zuazo was in charge of a revolt Revolutionaries won after a few days of fighting Radical political movement. Popular support and legitimacy for the elections

16 In Summary Nationalist Revolutionary Movement (MNR). Denied victory in the 1951 presidential elections The MNR led a successful revolution in Under President Victor Paz Estenssoro, the MNR introduced universal adult suffrage, carried out a sweeping land reform, promoted rural education, and nationalized the country’s largest tin mines.

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18 Bolivia Seen Today Type of government is republic It is one of the least developed in South America Oil and gas production reflected a GDP increase of 7.9%

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20 Sources https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/bl.html https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/bl.html


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