Presentation on theme: "Characterization of the livestock production system and potential of feed-based interventions in Adama and Arsi Negelle Districts Ethiopian Livestock Feed."— Presentation transcript:
Characterization of the livestock production system and potential of feed-based interventions in Adama and Arsi Negelle Districts Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project, Beef Team
INTRODUCTION What is FEAST? A tool to assess feed resource availability and use at site-level A systematic and rapid method Broadens feed assessment to determine: whether livestock is an important livelihood strategy importance of feed relative to other problems on the farm Helps in the design of site-specific strategies for feed supply & utilization through technical and organizational interventions FEAST is still under refinement
OBJECTIVES The Objectives were to: gain an understanding of the overall production system with a particular focus on the livestock feeding practices of farmers in Adama & Arsi Negele Districts identify key areas of intervention that could improve livestock productivity in the districts
METHODOLOGY Adama District Kechema Wonji Kuriftu Arsi Negele District Ali Wayo Kersa Ilala Both Districts located in the Rift Valley
6 No.VariablesWeredas AdamaArsi Negele KechemaKuriftuAli-WeyoKersa-Ilala 1Land size2 ha1.5 ha2 ha 2House hold Cropping Season3223 4IrrigationnoyesnoNo 5Labour Crops grownTef, wheat, maize, barley, beans and peas Tef, wheat, maize, barley, beans Tef, wheat, maize, barley Tef, wheat, maize, potato 7Fodder crops Grown Leucaena, Napier grass, Sesbania sesban Napier grass, fodder beet, alfalfa and Sesbania sesban vetchNo 8LivestockCattle, sheep, goats, donkey and poultry Cattle, sheep, goats, donkey, Horse and poultry Cattle, sheep, goats, poultry donkey and 9Source of Income 100% 9.1Agriculture Livestock Labour business00190 Overview of the production system
METHODOLOGY Adama Arsi Negele Kachema Wonji Kuriftu Ali Weyo Kersa Ilala Proximity to woreda capital Presence of Smallholder beef fattening activities Sites Selected Selection criteria
No. of Participants Wereda AdamaArsi NegeleTotal KechemaKuriftuAli-WeyoKersa-Ilala Male Female Total Numbers of participants from all kebeles.
Group discussion with farmers : Kechema 20 (15 men and 5 women) kuriftu 20 (11 men and 9 women) Aliweyo 22 (15 men and 7 women) KersaIlala 20 (15 men and 5 women) PRA Exercise PRA Exercise Individual interviews with 3 farmers Quantitative information Individual Farmer Survey Individual Farmer Survey Data entered into FEAST Template Ideas for Interventions developed Data Analysis & Developing Interventions Data Analysis & Developing Interventions 9 Methodology of The FEAST Tool
Farming systems: average % contribution made by the various livelihood activities to total household income, ARSI NEGELE ALi Wayo Kersa Ilala
Contribution of feed resources to animal diets, Adama
Contribution of feed resources to animal diets (CP%), ADAMA- Adama Kechema Kuriftu Fig. 21 & 21.The contributions made by the various feedstuffs (as a percentage) to the crude protein content of the diet of animals in kechema and wonji kuriftu kebele, Ethiopia
Contribution of feed resources to animal diets, Arsi Nege
Contribution of feed resources to animal diets (CP%), Arsi Negele Arsi Negelle Ali wayo Kersa ilala Fig. 22 & 23.The contributions made by the various feedstuffs (as a percentage) to the crude protein content of the diet of animals in Ali wayo and kersa ilala kebeles, Ethiopia
Feed Resource Availability & Seasonality In kechema kebele the straw is usually fed as a whole fibre without any form of processing or manipulation prior to feeding and some times by mixing with concentrates In wonji kuriftu the straw is fed by mixing with purchased concentrate feed. But in both kebeles of Arsi Negelle district the straw is usually fed by mixing with (local liquor by product) and concentrate feed.
Feed Resource Availability & Seasonality Cultivated forages Cultivated fodder as component of diet, ME and CP for kechema and kuriftu kebeles comprising approximately of 24% and 27%; 19% and 24%; 21% and 16; respectively. But in Arsi Negele district (Ali wayo and kersa ilala) there is no cultivated fodder.
Problems and Constraints: ADAMA ADAMAKechemaKuriftu 1st Livestock feed 2nd Veterinary service Cash/credit service 3rd Cash/credit serviceVeterinary service 4th AI serviceLack of training 5th Livestock inputs
Problems and Constraints: ARSI NEGELE ARSI NEGELEAli WoyoKersa Ilala 1st Livestock feed 2nd Cash/credit service 3rd Market info.& broker fraudulent Agricultural and livestock inputs 4th Lack of knowledgeVeterinary service 5th Veterinary serviceMarket info.& broker fraudulent
Suggested Solutions to constraints
Potential Interventions Introduce least-cost fattening rations that help gradual shift away from certain crop/cottage industry byproducts that have disagreeable attributes: laborious to the women & too high wood fuel consuming that aggravate deforestation & climate change.
Limitations of the study In using quick questioners some questions were found ambiguous, e.g. sale of livestock and livestock products. In the selection procedure of three individuals for interview the selection might be fair if it is purposive rather than random. Besides, the sample size of only three respondents looks too small to represent the real situation.
Limitations of the study The reliance on farmer estimates for calculating animal intake from grazing and intake from collected green fodder is a possible source of inaccuracy. Farmers do give a rough estimate of the weight of crop residue but in the FEAST software space is not reserved in which the data was supposed to be filled in. As a result, the data analysis output shows zero value. This actually appears to be a temporary problem.
The Way Forward The current beef production level is definitely below consumption levels & market demands. The major impediment has been shortage of animal feed both in quantity and quality. For example, the fattening business in the kebeles is dependent upon crop residues & local liquor byproducts, all of which are unsustainable in supply. There is a need to intensify efforts on extension in aspects of efficient utilization of feed resources; improved livestock management; veterinary service, to mention just a few. Regardless of its considerable promise to the farming community and the national economy at large, farmers must be trained in beef fattening techniques, such as home mixing of low-cost fattening rations; etc.
Lessons Learnt Women who had been isolated from community discussions were now observed to have equal or even better knowledge, zeal, willingness to learn and actively participated in debates of the PRA exercise. Participation of the farmers in group discussions regarding their own problems increased their awareness on various issues, what to expect from input supplies, credit services, market information, etc. The discussion forum served as an efficient experience-sharing platform. The participation of District Agriculture Offices and the Kebele DAs benefited them a lot on how to probe the problems of the farmers.