http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k2ZYIdmdx1 4 Part One: What is a Disadvantage?
Uniqueness What will occur in the status quo Factors for good uniqueness Post-dating – things change Brink – why is the squo good but not guaranteed Qualifications – who knows what
Link What does the plan do that changes the status quo Factors for good links Specificity – links about the 1AC vs the resolution Threshold – is the plan enough to change the squo Diversity – different ways the plan changes the squo
Internal Link (i/l) What that change causes. Not always highlighted because it’s similar to the link Sometimes they are warrants inside the link EG: Auto Industry DA “Engaging in Buy America policies departs from G20 norms which collapses global trade” What is the internal link?
Impacts Why is changing the status quo bad Factors for good impacts Magnitude – how big Timeframe – how quickly Probability – how likely Turns case – how does it interact with the 1AC
The Negative’s Goal If the aff has advantages, the neg has disadvantages Definition of a disadvantage: “Loss or Damage as a result of” – The harm the plan causes Prove the impacts of the plan aren’t good enough to outweigh the DA of the plan.
1NC: Your Job for the DA Where to read it: As a net benefit to the CP? Directly after the CP flow As an independent DA? After everything but case Make sure it has EVERY part.
The Block Extending a DA or multiple DA’s through the block? Follow these generic guidelines (see specific speech lectures for more specific rules) Whoever takes the counterplan should take the net benefit. Whoever doesn’t have the counterplan should get the other DA and case if the 2N didn’t already. Try to keep LIKE WORLDS together
How to Extend a DA Step One: “DA outweighs and turns the case” Step Two: Any additional impacts if needed (no more than 2) Step Three: Uniqueness debate Step Four: Link Debate Move On.
Negative Uniqueness Debating Step One: Extend your uniqueness by giving a short summary (Extend our PIT 6/20 evidence from the 1NC, The G20 Summit has just met and agreed upon an action plan to eliminate protectionist policies ) Step Two: Evidence comparison, what makes yours better than theirs? Quals Predictive vs descriptive Speculative vs conclusive
Negative Uniqueness Debating Cont… Step Three: Indict their evidence if you didn’t already Use the arguments above Step Four: Uniqueness Wall 1-2 more uniqueness cards
Negative Link Debating Either Link or Impact will be where you spend the most time Step One: Extend 1NC Link Can’t just explain it generic – apply it to the aff Prolif DA Repeat Steps 2-4 from UQ
Negative Impact Debating NOTE: SHOULD BE DONE AT TOP OF FLOW ON IMPACT CALC Step One: Impact Calculus “The DA outweighs and turns the case” Step Two: Turns case analysis Step Three: Turns case card Step Four: New impact module
2NR on the DA Should usually be combined with either a CP or Case Layout is same as 1N except should be ALL extensions, no new cards. Top of the flow: Explain what the aff DIDN’T DO “Even if” and “If I win” statements.
2NR Cont… Next, Impacts all on top- Impact Calc Turns Case (lots of allocation here) Answering any cards or analysis Line by line extending 2NC cards and analysis using the formula
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=93CsOgvNU oE Part 3: Answering the DA
USE YOUR AFF Throughout the following section I’ll show you how to use cards from your 1AC to win you the debate without needing to read new cards
How to answer a DA 6 categories: 1. Case Outweighs – why your advantages outweigh the DA 2. Non-Unique – the squo has changed/something has triggered the link 3. No Link – The plan doesn’t cause the change 4. Link Turn – The squo causes the DA and plan solves it 5. No Impact – their impact isn’t real 6. Impact Turn – their impact is actually a good thing
Strategies Strategy #1 for answering the DA 1. Case outweighs the DA 2. Non-Unique 3. No Link 4. Impact Turn
Strategies Cont.. Strategy #2 for answering the DA 1. Case outweighs 2. Non-Unique 3. Link Turn 4. No impact
The Double Turn Do NOT read a link turn AND an impact turn: the link turn actually links you to the impact turn – you just flip the DA around EG: Buy America DA: Original argument – plan increases protectionism. Protectionism causes trade war Link turn is – plan DECREASES protectionism. Impact turn is Protectionism good. For example - Steel
Case Outweighs? Use impact calc More on this later More importantly, make your impact story a lot more clear than the negative impact story
Non-Unique Underestimated argument – defensive? The Status Quo is the opposite of what they say EG: Buy America DA – US agrees on G20, proves no protectionism
Non-Unique Cont… Makes your link/impact turn OFFENSE EG: Link Turn – Plan key to RESTORING Non-Protectionism w/ NUQ: DA is a new advantage because squo isn’t cooperating and plan causes cooperation. w/o NUQ: still offense IF they go for the DA, but not a new advantage because the squo is ALREADY cooperating and the plan just causes MORE cooperation, doesn’t RESTORE it.
Affirmative Link Debating No Link – 2AC Step One: Extend applicable cards from 1AC EG: Extend our ____ evidence from the 1AC that says plan doesn’t happen alone, china and Euros are on board with us Step Two: Read New Link Cards and Analysis 1AR Step One: Extend 1AC or 2AC cards and explain why the 2NC extension doesn’t answer them Step Two: Read 1-2 cards IF NECESSARY
Affirmative Link Debating Cont.. Link Turn – 2AC Step One: Extend Applicable Cards from 1AC Step Two: Cards & Analysis 1AR Same as No Link 1AR
Affirmative Impact Debating No Impact – 2AC Step One: The plan encompasses? Step Two: Cards Step Three: Analysis
Affirmative Impact Debate Cont… 1AR Step One: Extensions of the 2AC Step Two: Repeat steps 1-3 of 2AC for any NEW impact scenarios New Card (1) if necessary ANSWER THE TURNS THE CASE ARGUMENT AS A NEW IMPACT SCENARIO
Affirmative Impact Debating Cont… Impact Turn – 2AC Step One: Card Step Two: Maybe your 1AC has the opposite impact
Affirmative Impact Debating Cont… 1AR Step One: Extension Step Two: 1-2 more cards Step Three: Response to negative answers. Step Four: Separate QUICK impact calc for impact turn
2AR Strategies If they go for DA/Case: Spend 3 ½ on Case: If you win case, majority of the DA goes away because you should have more impacts. If they go for DA/CP: Spend More time on DA because CP is irrelevant without a NB
2AR Layout Top – Big explanation of impact calc, why your impact story is better, and use of 1AC as a big turn to the DA Next, Uniqueness debate to makes turns offense Extend first, answer theirs next
2AR Layout cont… Next, Go for the impact or link TURN Extend first, (If Impact, impact calc next), (If link, why your story is more plausible next), answer theirs last. Finally, IF you have time, do the no link or no impact Why? 2AR should be OFFENSE OFFENSE OFFENSE