SIROHI, SHRUTI IBD-II SELAQUI WORLD SCHOOL Doctor Zhivago Symbolism, Themes, & Poetry Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number: 002150-009
“ART REFLECTS ITS SOCIETY AND WORKS A SOCIAL CHARACTER THROUGH TO ITS REALITY IN EXPERIENCE. BUT ALSO, ART CREATES, BY NEW PERCEPTIONS AND RESPONSES, ELEMENTS WHICH THE SOCIETY, AS SUCH, IS NOT ABLE TO REALIZE…” Literature as both Socially Influenced and Influential 2 Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number: 002150-009
Russia in the Early 1900’s 1917- Bolshevik Revolution 1930’s- Pasternak persecuted Devastated by War 1905 and 1917 Revolutionary Ideals Lenin Trotsky Stalin Bolsheviks 3 The October Revolution overthrew the Tsarist regime in 1917, replacing it with a socialist government…the period was a time of instability Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number: 002150-009
…TO MIRROR THE HUMAN QUALITIES OF CHANGE LIFE, DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND REBIRTH DURING THE TURMOIL OF 20 TH CENTURY RUSSIA THE NOVEL IS SET BETWEEN 1901 & 1943, A PERIOD OF INTENSE TURBULENCE INVOLVING THE BUILDUP OF POLITICAL UNREST, ECONOMIC INSTABILITY, AND SOCIAL CONFLICT THIS VOLATILE ATMOSPHERE INSPIRED MANY GREAT RUSSIAN WORKS INCLUDING TOLSTOY’S WAR AND PEACE, A MAJOR INFLUENCE ON PASTERNAK’S LITERARY CAREER Symbolism is Pasternak’s Instrument… 4 Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number: 002150-009
5 The Wild Duck “This is the last judgment on earth, my good Sir…a time for creatures from the Apocalypse with swords, for winged beasts and not for fully sympathetic and loyal doctors…” -Strelnikov A symbol of the illusions that enter the fabric of both the ordinary bourgeois existence and the “intrinsically creative spirit.” Signals the end of bourgeois Russia and the collapse of the idealistic “followers of Blok” (like Zhivago) Portends the triumph of the apocalyyptic-nihlistic element in Russian life Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number 002150-009
Storm at funeral Spring at Zhivagos Death 6 Weather Images of weather in Zhivago’s life also mirror social aspects of Russia and its Revolutionary Age Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number: 002150-009 Symbolize change as life goes on– alludes to Christ’s resurrection in spring.
Shadows Represent foreshadowing of change or “revolution” Examples Realization of Zhivago’s love for Lara Railroad stations on his way to Moscow Diary sessions Winter Night poem 7 Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number 002150-009
SYMBOLIZE THE LOSS ASSOCIATED WITH CHANGE… 4 INSTANCES OF TRAINS BRINGING MISFORTUNE AND COMPARE THIS TO THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION OF 1917 8 Trains Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number: 002150-009
Train Instances Shruti Sirohi 9 1)A train carries Zhivagos father to his death; 2)the sudden appearance of a military train in the night brings Pasha's thoughts into focus and precipitates his decision to go to the front. 3)Later Pasha, now turned Strel'nikov, will ride an armored train like an iron beast of the Apocalypse, fighting desperately for freedom, happiness, and Lara. 4)The train which carries Zhivago and his family to the Urals gradually comes to resemble a Mythological barge of destiny, containing, in miniature, the history of the Soviet Revolution, written in the individual human stories of the passengers. The individual and human failure of the Revolution then becomes evident in the graveyards of trains which Zhivago traverses on his return from the guerillas.
“HOLY WEEK” “THE WEDDING” THESE POEMS ARE RELATED BY THE IMAGE OF SLEEP PRECEDING AN OUTBURST OF LIFE, AND IN BOTH OF THEM SLEEP IS A METAPHOR OF THE ETERNAL CYCLE OF DEATH AND RESURRECTION. THE RESURRECTION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT COME AS A REBIRTH OF AN INDIVIDUAL BUT AS THE GIVING AWAY OF ONESELF TO THE SURROUNDING REALITY. 10 Biblical Allusions Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number: 002150-009
11 Doctor Zhivago is not a novel but rather a “kind of autobiography” of the poet’s inner life, in which the hero is “not an active agent but a window…” Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number 002150-009
Bad Roads in Spring Winter Night Symbolizes Zhivago’s capture by the guerillas Poem show this as unavoidable and necessary…shows that the war affected all parts of individual lives including their personal lives Symbolic nightingale’s song= signal Snowflakes (accumulation of incidents) Crossing of fates Crucifixion of love Shadows in the candle of human life 12 Poems and their Significance Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number 002150-009
MAN IS "DEVOTED TO THE SOLUTION OF THE ENIGMA OF DEATH, SO THAT DEATH ITSELF MAY EVENTUALLY BE OVERCOME. " A TRIAL OF THIS NATURE IS BY NO MEANS LIMITED BY A SEARCH THROUGH THE ARTS AND LETTERS BUT ENGAGES THE WHOLE MAN. "THIS IS, " WRITES PASTERNAK, "WHY PEOPLE WRITE SYMPHONIES, AND WHY THEY DISCOVER MATHEMATICAL INFINITY AND ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES" (P. 19). Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number 002150-009 13 Conclusion
THANK-YOU! Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number 002150-009 THE END
Bibliography 15 1. Jackson, Robert L. "The Symbol of the Wild Duck in Dr. Zhivago." Comparative Literature 15.1 (1963): 39-45. 2. Pasternak, Boris, and John Bayley. Doctor Zhivago. New York: Pantheon, 1997. 3. Rogers, Thomas F. "The Implications of Christ's Passion in Doktor Živago." The Slavic and East European Journal 18 (1974): 384-91. 4. Silbajoris, Rimvydas. "The Poetic Texture of Doktor Živago." The Slavic and East European Journal 9 (1965): 19-28. 5. Vickery, Walter. "Symbolism Aside: Doktor Živago." The Slavic and East European Journal 3 (1959): 343-48. 6. Zaslove, Jerald. "Dr. Zhivago and the Obliterated Man: The Novel and Literary Criticism." The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 26 (1976): 65-80. Sirohi, Shruti Candidate Number 002150-009