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Abu Bakr Al- Siddiq By: Hiba Masfaka, Aqsa Kanwal, Kinzah Fatima, Muhammad Khan, Zafir Kabbani, and Amir Hijawi.

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Presentation on theme: "Abu Bakr Al- Siddiq By: Hiba Masfaka, Aqsa Kanwal, Kinzah Fatima, Muhammad Khan, Zafir Kabbani, and Amir Hijawi."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Abu Bakr Al- Siddiq By: Hiba Masfaka, Aqsa Kanwal, Kinzah Fatima, Muhammad Khan, Zafir Kabbani, and Amir Hijawi

3 Abu Bakr:  First Caliph to rule in the Islamic Empire  Best missionary in Islam after the Prophet (SAW)  He was Caliph for 2 years  Expanded the least amount of Islam Ali bin Talib:  Cousin and son in law of the Prophet (SAW)  Caliph for 5 years  Respected by Sunni’s and Shia’s  Last Caliph to rule in the Islamic Empire Umar:  One of the wealthiest and bravest Sahaba at the time  2 nd Caliph to rule over the Islamic Empire  Conquered Jerusalem and Damascus  Accomplishment

4 625 The Battle of Uhud took place. 625 The Battle of Uhud took place. 629 The Battle of Khaybar took place. 629 The Battle of Khaybar took place. 630 The Conquest of Makkah took place. 630 The Conquest of Makkah took place. 630 The Battle of Tabuk took place. 630 The Battle of Tabuk took place. 632 Abu Bakr becomes Caliph. 632 Abu Bakr becomes Caliph. 634 Omar becomes Caliph. 634 Omar becomes Caliph. 644 Othman becomes Caliph. 644 Othman becomes Caliph. 656 Ali becomes Caliph. 656 Ali becomes Caliph. Timeline

5 Events  Abu Bakr as a caliph: (632) - He was chosen as the prophet’s successor. - Chosen by Ansars and Quraish.  War - Islam vs. Rome - Many warriors  Came back from trip - Messenger of God

6 Rise and Fall How Abu Bakr became caliph? Why was his time as a caliph so short? Abu BakrUmar Uthman

7 Geography Islam expanded all over Europe and Asia  Saudi Arabia  Iran  Iraq  Libya  Egypt  Pakistan  Turkey  Afghanistan All of the Caliphs had spread Islam in some way. The Caliphs spread Islam north, south, east, and west.

8 Artifacts All Caliphs wore turbans. Islamic Calligraphy was very famous. The Companions would fight with swords.

9 Fun Facts 1.First male to convert. 2.Prophets best friend. 3.Died same age as the Prophet. 4.Accompanied the prophet (s) during his migration. 5.Daughter married to Prophet. 6.Abu Bakr was the Muslim leader after the prophet. 7.First to compile the Quran in one book.

10 Quotes “ Have an earnestness for death and you will have life.”-Abu Bakr “ He who aspires to paradise should learn to deal with people with kindness.”-Abu Bakr “ Do not look down upon any Muslim, for even the most inferior believer is great in the eyes of god.”-Abu Bakr “Be good to others who will protect you against evil.”-Abu Bakr

11 Al-Jazari By: Aqsa Kanwal, Muhammad Khan, and Amir Hijawi

12 Background He was a: Scholar Inventor Mechanical engineer Craftsman Artist Mathematician Astronomer Writer From Al-Jazira, Mesopotamia Best known for his book Real name: al-Shaykh Ra'is al-A`mal Badi`al-Zaman Abu al-'Izz ibn Isma`il ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari

13 Inventions: Clocks Camshaft Crankshaft and crank-slider mechanism Saqiya chain pumps Water supply system Drink serving waitress Musical robot band Peacock fountain with automated servant Hand washing automaton with flush mechanism Crankshaft and crank-slider mechanism Castle clocks

14 Elephant Clock CULTURAL REALATIONS: Indian Elephant Chinese serpents Arabian architecture Greek water technology Height: 8.5 meters high

15 No need for people to keep track of the clock! These clocks are automatically timed! Comparing Clocks

16 Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices Document about devices & tools. Written in 1206. Described many mechanical devices.

17 Ibn Al- Haythem By: Hiba Masfaka, Kinzah Fatima, Zafir Kabbani

18 Background Born: 965 CE Basra, Iraq Died: 1040 CE Cairo, Egypt Residence: - Basra, Iraq -Cairo, Egypt Jobs: - Physicist - Mathematician - Astronomer Full Name: Abu Ali Al-Hasan Ibn Al-Haythem

19 The Obscura Optical device Pin hole camera Reflection in mirror Do you want to learn how to make an Obscura? http://licm.org.uk/livingImage/CameraO bscura.html

20 Comparison 2011 Camera Obscura

21 Accomplishment (Kitab Al-Manazir) seven-volume treatise Optics, physics, mathematics, anatomy, and psychology

22 The Book Of Optics Talks about the vision of the eye Written in 1011 -1021 Important influence on the developments of optics Had many nicknames

23 Artifacts “The Book Of Optics” How the obscura works Two pages of the book

24 Bibliography Abu Bakr: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Bakr http://www.sunnah.org/publication/khulafa_rashideen/caliph1.htm http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/a/abu_bakr.html AL Jazari: http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=848 http://www.history-science-technology.com/Articles/articles%206.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Jazari Ibn Al Haythem: http://www.ibnalhaytham.net/ http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Biographies/Al-Haytham.html http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0824826.html

25 Credits Abu Bakr Big Books: Hiba Masfaka, Aqsa Kanwal, Kinzah Fatima, Zafir Kabbani, Muhammad Khan, and Amir Hijawi Abu Bakr Power Point: Hiba Masfaka and Aqsa Kanwal Al Jazari Power Point: Aqsa Kanwal, Muhammad Khan, and Amir Hijawi Ibn Al Haythem Power Point: Hiba Masfaka, Kinzah Fatima, and Zafir Kabbani Power Point Animations: Hiba Masfaka, and Kinzah Fatima Banners: Kinzah Fatima, Hiba Masfaka, Aqsa Kanwal, Zafir Kabbani, Muhammad Khan, and Amir Hijawi Al Jazari Poster: Aqsa Kanwal, Muhammad Khan, and Amir Hijawi Ibn Al Haythem Poster: Hiba Masfaka, Kinzah Fatima, and Zafir Kabbani Abu Bakr Artifacts: Aqsa Kanwal and Hiba Masfaka Al Jazari Artifacts: Aqsa Kanwal, Muhammad Khan, and Amir Hijawi Ibn Al Haythem Artifacts: Hiba Masfaka, Kinzah Fatima, and Zafir Kabbani Pictures: Hiba Masfaka, Kinzah Fatima, and Zafir Kabbani We Hope You Enjoyed Our Presentation


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