Presentation on theme: "Sinhala Coins up to Parakrmabahu IV of Kotte."— Presentation transcript:
1Sinhala Coins up to Parakrmabahu IV of Kotte. Siri Munasinghe
2Were any Standards adopted in minting of Ancient Sri Lanka Coins. How did our kings who issued coins ensure that they were accepted by the people?.What symbols or inscription did they place on the metal discs to to achive above?.Was these Standards in compliance with the now Western accepted concept of coins?
3Why are Coins issued accepted as a means of exchange? a. Name of issuing Authority, Name of Country or / and. Name of Currency and or its value.Expressed as an Inscription/Numeralb. Accepted Royal Emblem , a Design or Symbol which was identified with the Ruler / Issuer of the Coin Human Figures/Animals/ Symbols/etcThese symbols was easily identified and special to the people of Sri Lanka in the period of issue . Why so or their meaning is now lost to us.
4Some coins with Name of Issuer on Coin found in the country in our ancient script. Pre 300 BC
5Coins with Name of Issuer and value in ancient Sinhala script
6Basically around a Railed Swastika-A Royal Emblem
7Lamps/ Sanka/ Sanda etc introduced SYMBOLS ON SRILANKAN COINS ADAnimalsFishDipa / LampSrivatsa / SwastikaPotSankha Sanda3 x LinesLamps/ Sanka/ Sanda etc introduced
8Kalan, De-aka and Aka of Gold. CEYLON TYPE COINSThe coins are dated to the 8 Cent AD by the script and now known after the names found in the late Anuradhpura Inscription asKalan, De-aka and Aka of Gold.
9Adahanda or Crescent Moon Obverse Kalan Ran8 symbolsIn Bead CircleStanding FigureAdahanda or Crescent Moon2 Dipa or lampsSrivatsa4 x GolasSanka or ChankBo AnkulaLotus Stalk
10Named after the Auspicious symbol in left hand 2 Symbols8/10/12/14 Compartment Asana
22The Dambedeniya Period Coins-13 Cent AD Obv-6 SymbolsRev- 1 SymbolVijayaba IIParakramabahu IIIBhuvanakabahu IParakramabhu
23Parakramabhu VI [15 Cent AD] Object in HandChank3 DotsSrivatsaHanging Lamp with DotsLionLotus stalk off Flan
24Srivatsa and other mangala symbols 15 cent ADThe perversion continues under the Chola’s and end up in a mere collection of lines and dots Vira raya faman and copper issues of Dutch Negapatnam. HW Codrington
25Number of Mangala Symbols Type Obverse ReverseKalanda of gold Type IKalanda of Gold Type IIKalandas of Gold Type III 7/8 2Vijayaba I to Jayaba/Parkramaba INissankamalle to Buvenaikaba IParkaramabahu VI ? plus Liona. 8 symbols - a graphic representation of a Astamangala’s?b. 7 symbol Did it represent few of the treasures of a Universal king?..
26Conclusions It has the name of the Country Sri Lan Ka It had a Value marked .Viha- 20 silvers to this Gold KalanStanding figure on Lotus stalk and Seated figure was on our ancient Coins.Was a prestigious set as was adopted and accepted for over 700 years. Found in India and Africa. A trade Coins of the Indian Ocean – replaced the Roman Solidus of the same weight and Gold value?The later Kings adopted same design with their name replacing the Nation and Value. The Cola kings, Jaffna Kings ,A group of symbol well known to the people of the period period as astamangalika .or any other or just for decorative purposes or both………?.The design seems to have its origins in the ancient coins of Sri Lanka A new set of symbols replacing the Swastika Set [ Prior to 200 AD], with a set of new symbols around the Srivatsa.The lamps has it origins from the set of coins [ AD]