Presentation on theme: " In this edition of this or that you need to categorize two schools of philosophy: Humanism or Medieval. HumanismMedieval 15 th to 17 th century5 th to."— Presentation transcript:
In this edition of this or that you need to categorize two schools of philosophy: Humanism or Medieval. HumanismMedieval 15 th to 17 th century5 th to 15 th century Return to pagan classics (Greeks and Romans) Humans can use logic and reason to find their own answers. Reason comes from faith and God. Topics were mostly focused on themes from the Bible.
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Gregorian Chant: more properly called “Plainchant.” Monophony : one voice Responsorial : soloist with choral response Conjunct : connected notes with small intervals producing flowing sound Melismatic : syllable extended over several notes emphasizing particular words. Purpose : encourage prayerful state without distraction of instruments Anonymous creators who improvised and transmitted work orally. Haec dies (“This is the day..”) This is the day which the Lord hath made; we will rejoice and be glad of it O give thanks to the Lord for He is good: for his mercy endureth forever.
Humanism in Music: Like artists turned to pre-Christian models. Wanted music to have same effect on listener as Greek music had. Knew about Pythagorean views on music as representing order of cosmos with the power to change nature and alter souls. Continuous imitation : lines imitate each other. Cantus firmus : Fixed melody serves as basis for elaborate imitation by other voices. Homophony : Composition with several voices in which one melodic line dominates other musical lines. Word painting ; musical gesture reflects meaning of the word being sung. Josquin Desprez, “Ave Maria... virgo serena” 1470s Hail Mary, full of grace. The Lord is with you, gentle Virgin. Hail, whose conception, Full of solemn joy, Fills the heaven, the earth, With new rejoicing. Hail, whose birth Was our festival, As our luminous rising light Coming before the true sun. Hail, pious humility, Fertility without a man, Whose annunciation Was our salvation. Hail, true virginity, Unspotted chastity, Whose purification was our cleansing. Hail, famous with all Angelic virtues, Whose assumption was Our glorification.
Renaissance Architecture revives Roman domes, rounded arches Music- Choral. Many voices overlapping. Art- Use of perspective; Depth, shadow, two dimensional. Medieval Architecture uses square towers, pointed arches, vaulted ceilings Music- Religious or tells heroic tales. One Voice- contemplating God Art- Flat, one dimensional, very colorful.