Presentation on theme: "Scientific Enquiry, Scientific Process or Problem Solving?"— Presentation transcript:
1Scientific Enquiry, Scientific Process or Problem Solving? What do you Think?
2Let’s test our knowledge Form groups of 5-7 using the card you were given, and choose a leader.The leader will conduct a KWL with your group using 2 flipcharts and your topic.Report to the whole group
3Now lets do the feedback: 1. Scientific Process 2. Scientific Inquiry 3. Problem Solving
4How does the feedback fit with the following ideas??
5The Scientific Process The commonly accepted concepts and headings:TitlePurpose/AimHypothesis/PredictionProcedure/MethodResults/DataConclusion
6Now use the worksheet, “Science Investigation: Planning and Reporting” to place each heading from the previous slide on the worksheet…. (Think/Pair/Share)
7Scientific Inquiry The US National Science Education Standards (NSES p Scientific Inquiry The US National Science Education Standards (NSES p. 23) defines Scientific Inquiry as “the diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on the evidence derived from their work.”
8Scientific inquiry also refers to the activities through which students develop knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas.
9NSTA also recommends that teachers help their students understand that "there is no fixed sequence of steps that all scientific investigations follow. Different kinds of questions suggest different kinds of scientific investigations."
10 Scientific Method Scientific InquiryLinear / defined orderNon-Linear / fluidAnswers a single posed questionMay end up generating more questionsResults may be communicated at the conclusion of the experimentCommunication is a key component throughout
11One way of thinking about this is: The Scientific Method is essential for lab reports,Scientific Inquiry is essential for scientific thinking.
14Now complete the “How Do Scientists Really Work Now complete the “How Do Scientists Really Work?” by placing the possible list of statements in the table. (Checking for Understanding) (2 Step Interview) Check against the Master
15What Scientists Think About What Scientists Do How to do things What to measure, what to useHow many times to do somethingWhere to find out about thingsWhether they are rightHow to prove they are rightHow to record, what to recordWhat information is needed, how and where to find out, who to talk to , what to readWhat the information saysWhat they need to knowWhat is the problem, how to solve itWhether data is valid and reliableWhether they believe informationLook at and think about resultsDraw conclusionsUse equipmentMeasure thingsMake things fairTry things outInvestigateExperimentRecord thingsDraw graphsUse a computerLook at resultsWrite reportsAsk questionsMake thingsTest thingsControl Variables
16So What is Problem Solving So What is Problem Solving?? You have 5 minutes to produce an answer in one sentence alone. (5 minute paper)
17Scientific Inquiry is the process by which scientists carry out Problem Solving. The Scientific Method is the way of ensuring the solution to the problem is reliable.
18However, there is a time and a place for the formal lab write-up, and many Science Fairs require such a report at the conclusion of the investigation. Some hints:
19 Title Purpose Hypothesis (specific and supported) Materials - list Procedure (written in specific steps) Results (any observations, data tables, graphs) Conclusion Do you accept or reject your hypothesis? Tell your results (use numbers) Any errors or things you could not control? Future questions or investigations? Connections to the real-world?
20Is there a place for Scientific Inquiry or Problem Solving in Science Fairs??
21How do you organize your science fairs How do you organize your science fairs? Form groups with other members of your school or groups of 3. Discuss how you organize your Science Fair. (Brainstorming)