Presentation on theme: "Culture in the 1930s 23.4. MAIN IDEA Motion pictures, radio, art and literature blossomed during the New Deal. WHY IT MATTERS NOW The films, music, art,"— Presentation transcript:
MAIN IDEA Motion pictures, radio, art and literature blossomed during the New Deal. WHY IT MATTERS NOW The films, music, art, and literature of the 1930s still captivate today’s public
NAMES AND TERMS Gone With the Wind Orson Welles Grant Wood Richard Wright The Grapes of Wrath
The Lure of Motion Pictures & Radio MOVIES: –Cost: $.25 –65% of Americans went to movies once a week –15,000 movie theater – more than the # of banks, twice the number of hotels RADIO: –Sold: 13 million in 1930, 28 million in 1940 –½ of all American households owned a radio
Hollywood takes center stage Film stars: –Clark Gable –Marlene Dietrich –Jimmy Cagney
Art, music, literature –Sober and serious –But conveyed an uplifting message about strength of character and democratic values Many artists supported the New Deal’s spirit of social and political change Many of them also received financial support from the New Deal (Harry Hopkins and the WPA) –“They’ve got to eat just like other people.”
Paid artists a living wage Aimed to increase public appreciation of art & promote positive images of America Artists: – created posters –taught art in schools –created murals These murals were inspired by Diego Rivera Focused on dignity of ordinary Americans at work
Music to capture the hardships of Depression America
Supported by Federal Writers’ Project Future Pulitzer Prize winner – Saul Bellow – first job Richard Wright – African-American writer, Native Son (1940) Zora Neale Hurston – Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937) John Steinbeck – Grapes of Wrath (1939)
James T. Farrell: Studs Lonigan trilogy (’32-’35) –Bleak picture of working class life in Irish neighborhood of Chicago Jack Conroy: The Disinherited (1933) –Violence & poverty in Missouri coal fields James Agee & photographer Walker Evans teamed up for Let Us Now Praise Famous Men (1941) –Deals w/ difficult life of poor farmers – dignity & strength of character Thornton Wilder – Our Town (a play written in ’38) beauty of small town New England life
To sum up... Though artists and writers recognized America’s flaws, they contributed positively to New Deal legacy Intellectuals praised the virtues of American life They took pride in the country’s traditions and accomplishments.
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.